Schiers

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Schiers
Schiers -
Country Switzerland Coat of Arms of Schiers
Canton Graubünden
District Prättigau/Davos
46°58′N 9°41′E / 46.967°N 9.683°E / 46.967; 9.683Coordinates: 46°58′N 9°41′E / 46.967°N 9.683°E / 46.967; 9.683
Population 2,576 (Dec 2012)[1]
- Density 42 /km2 (108 /sq mi)
Area 61.68 km2 (23.81 sq mi)[2]
Elevation 660 m (2,165 ft)
Postal code 7220
SFOS number 3962
Mayor Mathis-Müller Joos
Surrounded by Fanas, Furna, Grüsch, Jenaz, Luzein, Sankt Antönien, Seewis im Prättigau, Tschagguns (AT-8), Vandans (AT-8)
Website www.schiers.ch
SFSO statistics
Schiers is located in Switzerland
Schiers
Schiers

Schiers is a municipality in the district of Prättigau/Davos in the Swiss canton of Graubünden. The first concrete girder bridge ever built, Salginatobel Bridge, is located in Schiers. Designed by Robert Maillart and completed in 1930, in 1991 it was the first bridge to be designated an International Historic Civil Engineering Landmark by the American Society of Civil Engineers.

History[edit]

Schiers is first mentioned in 1101 A.D. as Scieres.[3]

Geography[edit]

Schiers has an area, as of 2006, of 61.8 km2 (23.9 sq mi). Of this area, 36.5% is used for agricultural purposes, while 44.3% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 2.1% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (17.1%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4]

The municipality is located in the Schiers sub-district of the Prättigau/Davos district on the border with Austria. The highest point is the Drusenfluh at 2,828 m (9,278 ft). It is located in the lower Prättigau valley at the mouth of the Schraubach. It is the center of the middle and outer Prättigau valley. It consists of the linear village of Schiers and the hamlet of Tersier in the valley and the settlements of Lunden, Fajauna-Stels, Maria-Montagna, Pusserein as well as Schuders on the south slope of the valley. In 1875 the hamlet of Sigg left Schiers for the municipality of Valzeina.

Neighbouring municipalities[edit]

Fanas Seewis im Prättigau Austria
Grüsch Windrose klein.png St. Antönien
Furna Jenaz Luzein

Demographics[edit]

Schiers has a population (as of 31 December 2012) of 2,576.[1] As of 2008, 12.0% of the population was made up of foreign nationals.[5] Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 3.2%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (89.6%), with Serbo-Croatian being second most common ( 2.1%) and Italian being third ( 1.6%).[4]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 50.2% male and 49.8% female.[6] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Schiers is; 339 children or 12.9% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old and 421 teenagers or 16.0% are between 10 and 19. Of the adult population, 289 people or 11.0% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 405 people or 15.4% are between 30 and 39, 377 people or 14.3% are between 40 and 49, and 262 people or 9.9% are between 50 and 59. The senior population distribution is 208 people or 7.9% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 183 people or 6.9% are between 70 and 79, there are 124 people or 4.7% who are between 80 and 89 there are 29 people or 1.1% who are between 90 and 99.[5]

In the 2007 federal election, the most popular party was the SVP which received 39.1% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the FDP (32.4%), the SP (20.4%) and the local, small right-wing parties (4.4%).[4]

In Schiers about 66.5% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[4]

Schiers has an unemployment rate of 1%. As of 2005, there were 130 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 56 businesses involved in this sector. 333 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 29 businesses in this sector. 850 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 87 businesses in this sector.[4]

From the 2000 census, 389 or 14.8% are Roman Catholic, while 1,755 or 66.6% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there are fewer than five individuals who belong to the Christian Catholic faith; there are 28 individuals (or about 1.06% of the population) who belong to the Orthodox Church; and there are 58 individuals (or about 2.20% of the population) who belong to another Christian church. There are 135 (or about 5.12% of the population) who are Islamic. There are 36 individuals (or about 1.37% of the population) who belong to another church (not listed on the census), 149 (or about 5.65% of the population) belong to no church, are agnostic or atheist, and 87 individuals (or about 3.30% of the population) did not answer the question.[5]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3][6]

Historical population of Schiers
Year 1780 1850 1900 1950 1990 2000
Population 1110 1741 1654 2312 2400 2637

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

Main article: Salginatobel Bridge

The Salginatobel Bridge is listed as a Swiss heritage site of national significance.[7]

The Salginatobel Bridge is a reinforced concrete arch bridge designed by renowned Swiss civil engineer Robert Maillart. It was constructed across an alpine valley in Schiers between 1929 and 1930. In 1991, it was declared an International Historic Civil Engineering Landmark, the thirteenth such structure and the first concrete bridge so dedicated.[8]

As with Maillart's Schwandbach Bridge and Vessy Bridge, the structure's fame among civil engineers is a consequence of the techniques involved and the elegance of its design rather than its prominent location: it serves a town of under a thousand people.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 16 September 2013
  2. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  3. ^ a b Schiers in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b c d e Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 30-Oct-2009
  5. ^ a b c Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  6. ^ a b Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  7. ^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance 21.11.2008 version, (German) accessed 30-Oct-2009
  8. ^ Billington, David P. The Art of Structural Design: A Swiss Legacy. Princeton university Art Museum. Princeton, USA, 2003. ISBN 0-300-09786-7, p.60

External links[edit]