Madge Gill

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Madge Gill
Nationality British
Education self-taught
Known for pen and ink

Madge Gill (1882–1961), born Maude Ethel Eades, was an English outsider and visionary artist.[1][2]

Early years[edit]

Born an illegitimate child in East Ham, Essex, (now Greater London), she spent much of her early years in seclusion and was placed in an orphanage at the age of 9. She was subsequently sent to Canada to work on a farm, where she stayed until she was 19 before moving back to East Ham to live with her aunt, who introduced her to Spiritualism and astrology. At the age of 25, she married her cousin, Thomas Edwin Gill, a stockbroker. Together they had three sons with their second, Reginald, dying of the Spanish flu. The following year she gave birth to a stillborn baby girl and almost died herself, contracting a serious illness that left her bedridden for several months and blind in her left eye.[1]

Artistic works[edit]

After recovering from her illness in 1920, Gill now thirty-eight, took a sudden and passionate interest in drawing, creating thousands of mediumistic works over the following 40 years, most done with ink in black and white.The works came in all sizes, from postcard-sized to huge sheets of fabric, some over 30 feet (9.1 m) long. She claimed to be guided by a spirit she called "Myrninerest" (my inner rest) and often signed her works in this name. However, she experimented with a wide variety of media including knitting, writing, weaving, and crochet work.[3] Extremely prolific, she was capable of completing dozens of drawings in a single night. The figure of a young woman in intricate dress appeared thousands of times in her work, and is often thought to be a representation of herself or her lost daughter, and in general female subjects dominate her work. Her drawings are characterised by geometric chequered patterns and organic ornamentation, with the blank staring eyes of female faces and their flowing clothing interweaving into the surrounding complex patterns.[4]

Later years[edit]

She rarely exhibited her work and never sold any pieces out of fear of angering "Myrninerest". After her first son, Bob, died in 1958 she started drinking heavily and stopped drawing. Following her death in 1961, thousands of drawings were discovered in her home; the collection is owned by the London Borough of Newham and is in the care of the borough's Heritage and Archives Service.[5] Her work has been exhibited internationally at venues including The Los Angeles County Museum of Art, USA (1992), Manor Park Museum, London (1999), The Whitechapel Gallery, London (2006), Slovak National Gallery, Bratislava (2007), Halle Saint Pierre (Musée d'Art Brut & Art Singulier), Paris (2008, 2014), Kunsthalle Schirn, Frankfurt a.M. (2010), Collection de l'Art Brut, Lausanne (2005, 2007).

Exhibitions[edit]

From October 5, 2013 to January 26, 2014, Gill's work was displayed at the Orleans house Gallery.

A showing of her work took place at The Nunnery Gallery in London. It opened on June 15, 2012 and lasted until August 16, 2012.

Recognition[edit]

Madge Gill, like many outsider artists, has continually been gaining fame since her death in 1961. Her work is part of the permanent collection at the Collection de l'Art Brut in Lausanne, Switzerland, one of the central venues for the exhibition and support of outsider art.

In 2013, admirer David Tibet, himself an outsider artist, published an antiquarian-style book solely devoted to her work, the first of its kind.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Biography at madgegill.com
  2. ^ Short biography at petulloartcollection.org
  3. ^ Cardinal, Roger. "Madge Gill: The Magic of Madge Gill". Retrieved 8 March 2015. 
  4. ^ Outsider Art Sourcebook, ed. John Maizels, Raw Vision, Watford, 2009, p.79
  5. ^ Newham Archives and Local Studies Library
  6. ^ "MADGE GILL - Myrninerest book (Standard edition)". DavidTibet.com. David Tibet. Retrieved 17 October 2013. Archived October 22, 2013 at the Wayback Machine

External links[edit]