Madurai Veeran

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For other meanings, see Madurai Veeran (disambiguation).
Madurai Veeran
Protection & Justice
Statue of Madurai Veeran at the Sri Maha Muneeswarar Temple, Brickfields, Kuala Lumpur
Tamil script மதுரை வீரன்
Weapon Sword / Aruvaal
Consort Bommi and Vellaiyammal
Mount White Horse
Region Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Malaysia, Singapore, South Africa

Madurai Veeran (Tamil: மதுரை வீரன், Maturai Vīraņ lit. Warrior of Madurai) is a Tamil folk deity popular in southern Tamil Nadu, India. His name was derived as a result of his association with the City of Madurai as a Protector of the City. His worship is also popular amongst the Tamil diaspora.


Madurai Veeran also known as Muthu Kumaran, he rose through his exploits of valour. Thirumalai Nayakar acknowledged his skills and appointed him general in his fight against the Kallars.

Madurai, in those days was troubled by armed robbery by the Kallar tribe of south. The king orders "Veeran" to quell the menace.

Veeran, meets with the Royal danseuse, "Vellaiyammal" (The Fair one) and being well trained in all forms of arts and his looks, Vellaiyammal is attracted to him and requests him to teach her the Natya Shastra (The tenets of dancing).

The King, who was attracted to Vellaiyammal did not appreciate this development and viewed this as an affair, and on one occasion, some of his generals, who hated the closeness of Veeran to the King, used the opportunity to inform the King, that the delay in suppressing the robbers was deliberate as Veeran was in connivance with the robbers themselves. Furious, the king ordered a traitor's death to Veeran. Veeran is taken to the gallows and his alternate limbs are chopped off. hearing this, Bommi and Vellaiyammal reach the gallows to see the severed limbs and chastise the King for his injustice. As the legend goes, Veeran, is brought back alive by the virtues of both these women and is vindicated by the presence of Gods. Veeran, thereafter retires to a cave beneath the now known Meenakshiamman Temple (The cave exists even now, though the path is closed for people)

A temple had been erected at the south gate of Meenakshiamman Temple later by Thirumalai Nayak. The Ballads of Madurai Veeran has been a folk tale carried out for many generations through village songs, known in Tamil as Gramiya Padalgal and Traditional Street Theater, known as Therukkoothu in southern Tamil Nadu

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