Margaret Lockwood

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Margaret Lockwood
MargaretLockwood1.jpg
Born Margaret Mary Lockwood Day
(1916-09-15)15 September 1916
Karachi, British India
Died 15 July 1990(1990-07-15) (aged 73)
London, England, UK
Years active 1934–1980
Spouse(s) Rupert Leon (1937-1949; divorced); 1 child
Children Julia Lockwood

Margaret Lockwood, CBE (15 September 1916[1] – 15 July 1990) was an English actress, notable for her performances in the 1940s Gainsborough melodramas such as The Man in Grey, Love Story and The Wicked Lady.

Early life[edit]

Margaret Mary Lockwood Day was born in Karachi, British India, to an English administrator of a railway company and his Scottish wife. Lockwood's family returned to the United Kingdom when she was a child, along with her brother. She attended Sydenham High School for girls, and a ladies' school in Kensington, London.[2]

She began studying for the stage at an early age at the Italia Conti, and made her debut in 1928, at the age of 12, at the Holborn Empire, where she played a fairy in A Midsummer Night's Dream. In December of the following year, she appeared at the Scala Theatre in the pantomime The Babes in the Wood. In 1932, she appeared at the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane in Cavalcade.

Career[edit]

Lockwood trained at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art in London, where she was seen by a talent scout and signed to a contract. In June 1934, she played Myrtle in House on Fire at the Queen's Theatre, and on 22 August 1934 appeared as Margaret Hamilton in Gertrude Jenning's play Family Affairs when it premiered at the Ambassadors Theatre; Helene Ferber in Repayment at the Arts Theatre in January 1936; Trixie Drew in Henry Bernard's play Miss Smith at the Duke of York's Theatre in July 1936; and back at the Queen's in July 1937 as Ann Harlow in Ann's Lapse.

Lockwood entered films in 1934, and in 1935 she appeared in the film version of Lorna Doone. In 1938 she starred in her most successful film, Alfred Hitchcock's The Lady Vanishes, in which she first appeared with Michael Redgrave. In 1940, she played the role of Jenny Sunley, the self-centred, frivolous wife of Redgrave's character in The Stars Look Down. In the early 1940s, Lockwood changed her on-screen image to play villainesses in both contemporary and period films, becoming the most successful actress in British films during that period. Her greatest success was in the title role in The Wicked Lady (1945), a film which was controversial in its day and brought her considerable publicity. In 1946 Lockwood gained the Daily Mail National Film Awards First Prize for most popular British film actress.

She made a return to the stage in a record-breaking national tour of Noël Coward's Private Lives in 1949, and also played Eliza Doolittle in George Bernard Shaw's Pygmalion at the Edinburgh Festival of 1951, and the title role in J. M. Barrie's Peter Pan in 1949, 1950 and 1957 (the last with her daughter Julia Lockwood as Wendy). Her subsequent long-running West End hits include an all-star production of Oscar Wilde's An Ideal Husband (1965-66, in which she played the villainous Mrs Cheveley), W. Somerset Maugham's Lady Frederick (1970), Relative Values (Noël Coward revival, 1973) and the thrillers Spider's Web (1955, written for her by Agatha Christie), Signpost to Murder (1962) and Double Edge (1975).

In 1969, she starred as barrister Julia Stanford in the TV play Justice is a Woman. This inspired the Yorkshire Television series Justice, which ran for three seasons (39 episodes) from 1971 to 1974, and featured her real-life partner, John Stone, as fictional boyfriend, Dr Ian Moody. Lockwood's role as the feisty Harriet Peterson won her Best Actress Awards from the TV Times (1971) and The Sun (1973). In 1975 film director Bryan Forbes persuaded her out of a seeming retirement from feature films to play the role of the Stepmother in what would be her last feature film, The Slipper and the Rose. This film also included final feature film appearances by several great actors of a bygone era including Kenneth More, Michael Hordern and Edith Evans. Her last professional appearance was as Queen Alexandra in Royce Ryton's stage play Motherdear (Ambassadors Theatre, 1980).

Margaret Lockwood was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in the New Year Honours of 1981.

She was the subject of This Is Your Life in December 1963 when she was surprised by Eamonn Andrews at the BBC Television Centre.

Personal life[edit]

Margaret Lockwood married Rupert Leon in 1937; they divorced in 1949. She lived her final years in seclusion in Kingston-upon-Thames and died in the Cromwell Hospital, Kensington, London[3] from cirrhosis of the liver, aged 73. She was cremated at Putney Vale Crematorium.

She was survived by her daughter, actress Julia Lockwood (née Margaret Julia Leon, born 1941).

Select filmography[edit]

Awards[edit]

Box-office popularity[edit]

Various polls of exhibitors consistently listed Lockwood among the most popular stars of her era:

  • 1945 - 3rd most popular British star in Britain (Phyllis Calvert was 5th)[4]
  • 1946 - 9th most popular star in Australia,[5] 3rd most popular in Britain[6]
  • 1947 - 4th most popular star in Britain[7]
  • 1948 - 3rd most popular star in Britain,[8] most popular female star in Canada[9]
  • 1949 - 5th most popular British star in Britain[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Date of birth: Fandango website. Retrieved on 3 March 2008.
  2. ^ Obituary from The Times Margaret Lockwood obituary
  3. ^ Deaths England and Wales 1984-2006
  4. ^ "CROSBY and HOPE try their luck in Alaska.". The Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954) (Hobart, Tas.: National Library of Australia). 2 March 1946. p. 3 Supplement: The Mercury Magazine. Retrieved 25 April 2012. 
  5. ^ "Australia's Favorite Stars And Movies Of The Year.". The Mail (Adelaide, SA : 1912 - 1954) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 4 January 1947. p. 9 Supplement: Sunday Magazine. Retrieved 25 April 2012. 
  6. ^ "FILM WORLD.". The West Australian (Perth, WA : 1879 - 1954) (Perth, WA: National Library of Australia). 28 February 1947. p. 20 Edition: SECOND EDITION. Retrieved 25 April 2012. 
  7. ^ "Anna Neagle Most Popular Actress.". The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954) (NSW: National Library of Australia). 3 January 1948. p. 3. Retrieved 26 April 2012. 
  8. ^ "Bing Crosby Still Best Box-office Draw.". The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954) (NSW: National Library of Australia). 31 December 1948. p. 3. Retrieved 11 July 2012. 
  9. ^ "FILM NEWS.". The Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954) (Hobart, Tas.: National Library of Australia). 11 June 1949. p. 14. Retrieved 4 March 2013. 
  10. ^ "BOB HOPE BOX OFFICE FAVOURITE.". Cairns Post (Qld. : 1909 - 1954) (Qld.: National Library of Australia). 31 December 1949. p. 1. Retrieved 25 April 2012. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Parker, John, Who's Who in the Theatre, 10th revised edition, Pitmans, London, 1947, pp. 945–46

External links[edit]