Marquis of Qin

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The Marquis of Qin
秦侯
Ruler of Qin
Reign 857–848 BC
Predecessor Feizi
Successor Gongbo
Issue Gongbo
House House of Ying
Father Feizi
Died 848 BC

The Marquis of Qin (Chinese: 秦侯; pinyin: Qín Hóu, died 848 BC) was the second ruler of the ancient Chinese state of Qin, founded when his father Feizi was granted a small fief at Qin by King Xiao of Zhou. The Marquis of Qin succeeded his father, who died in 858 BC, and ruled for 10 years. He died in 848 BC and was succeeded by his son Gongbo.[1] His ancestral name was Ying (Chinese: ), but his given name is not known.

Although Qin would eventually develop into a major power that would conquer all other Chinese states and unite China in 221 BC to start the Qin Dynasty, at the time of the Marquis of Qin it was still a minor state of the Western Zhou Dynasty classified as an "attached state" (附庸, fuyong). Qin rulers did not receive any nobility rank until four generations later during the reign of Duke Xiang of Qin, so "the Marquis of Qin" was presumably an honorific posthumous title that his descendants used to refer to him.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sima Qian. "秦本纪" [Annals of Qin]. Records of the Grand Historian (in Chinese). guoxue.com. Retrieved 29 April 2012. 
  2. ^ Han, Zhaoqi (2010). "Annals of Qin". Annotated Shiji (in Chinese). Zhonghua Book Company. p. 348. ISBN 978-7-101-07272-3. 
Marquis of Qin
Died: 848 BC
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Feizi
Ruler of Qin
857–848 BC
Succeeded by
Gongbo