||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2014)|
July 22, 1943 |
|Education||Yokohama Municipal University|
Masaru Emoto (江本 勝 Emoto Masaru?, born July 22, 1943) is a Japanese author and entrepreneur, who claims that human consciousness has an effect on the molecular structure of water. Emoto's hypothesis has evolved over the years. Initially he believed that water takes on the "resonance" of the energy which is directed at it, and that polluted water can be restored through prayer and positive visualization.[clarification needed] Emoto's work is widely considered pseudoscience, and he is criticized for going directly to the public with misleading claims that violate basic physics, based on methods that fail to properly investigate the truth of the claims.
Since 1999 Emoto has published several volumes of a work titled Messages from Water, which contains photographs of water crystals, and their accompanying experiments. Emoto's ideas appeared in the documentary "What the Bleep Do We Know!?".
Born in Yokohama, Japan, Emoto graduated from Yokohama Municipal University with courses in International Relations. "In 1986, he established the I.H.M. Corporation in Tokyo and is currently the head of the I.H.M. General Research Institute, Inc., the President of I.H.M., Inc., and the chief representative of I.H.M.'s HADO Fellowship. In the mid 1990s, he began studying water in more detail.
Emoto is President Emeritus of the International Water For Life Foundation, a non-profit organization based in Oklahoma City. He has three children with his wife Kazuko.[third-party source needed] Emoto became a Doctor of Alternative Medicine at the Open International University for Alternative Medicine in India in 1992.
Emoto's water crystal experiments consist of exposing water in glasses to different words, pictures, or music, and then freezing and examining the aesthetics of the resulting crystals with microscopic photography.[not in citation given] Emoto claims that different water sources produce different crystalline structures when frozen. For example, Emoto claims that a water sample from a mountain stream would purportedly show a geometric design that is beautifully shaped when frozen. On the other hand, Emoto claims that polluted water sources will be distorted and will be randomly formed.
Commentators have criticized Emoto for insufficient experimental controls and for not sharing enough details of his approach with the scientific community. William A. Tiller, another researcher featured in the movie What The Bleep Do We Know?, states that Emoto's experiments fall short of proof, since they do not control for other factors in the supercooling of water. In addition, Emoto has been criticized for designing his experiments in ways that leave them prone to manipulation or human error influencing his findings. Writing about Emoto's theory in the Skeptical Inquirer, physician Harriet A. Hall concluded that it was "hard to see how anyone could mistake it for science".
Emoto was offered the One Million Dollar Paranormal Challenge by James Randi, and would have receive US$1,000,000 if he would have been able to reproduce the experiment[clarification needed] under test conditions agreed to by both parties. However, he refused to participate in this challenge .
Emoto has sold 2 million copies of his books.
- 水からの伝言: 世界初!! 水の結晶写真集 (Mizu kara no dengon: sekaihatsu!! mizu no kesshō shashinshū) [Messages from Water] (in Japanese) 1. Tokyo: Hado. 1999. ISBN 9784939098000.
- 水からの伝言： 世界初！！水の氷結結晶写真集今日も水にありがとう (Mizu kara no dengon: sekaihatsu!! mizu no kesshō shashinshū) [The Messages from Water] (in Japanese) 2. Tokyo: Hado. 2001. ISBN 9784939098048.
- 水が伝える愛のかたち (Mizu ga tsutaeru ai no katachi) (in Japanese). Tokyo: Tokuma Shoten. 2003. ISBN 9784198617509.
- Love Thyself: The Message from Water III. Carlsbad, CA: Hay House. 2004. ISBN 9781401908997.
- 水可以改變我生命 : "愛和感謝"的心情可以創造積極的能量 (Shui ke yi gai bian wo sheng ming : "Ai he gan xie" de xin qing ke yi chuan zao ji ji de neng liang) (in Chinese). Taibei Xian Xindian Shi. 2006. ISBN 9789576864971.
- Water Crystal Healing: Music & Images to Restore Your Well Being. New York; Hillsboro, OR: Atria: Beyond Words. 2006. ISBN 9781582701561.
- Water memory
- Penta Water
- Princeton Engineering Anomalies Research Lab
- Water (2006 film)
- Hall, Harriet (November/December 2007). "Masaru Emoto's Wonderful World of Water". Skeptical Inquirer 31.6. [reprint verification needed][copyright violation?]
- "The minds boggle". The Guardian. May 15, 2005.
- "Authors: Dr. Masaru Emoto". Beyond Words Publishing. Retrieved 2013-07-01.[unreliable source?]
- "International Water For Life Foundation". Archived from the original on 2011-12-18. Retrieved 2011-12-01.
- Setchfield, Kristopher. "Are Dr. Masaru Emoto’s Fantastic Claims Actually Real?". is-masaru-emoto-for-real.com.
- "How to Take a Water Crystal Photograph". masaru-emoto.net. Archived from the original on 2011-10-18. Retrieved 2011-10-10.
- Ho, Mae-Wan, "4: Crystal Clear - Messages from Water", Water, Water, Everywhere, Institute of Science in Society.
- Tiller, William (2004). "What the Bleep do we Know!?: A Personal Narrative". Vision In Action 2 (3-4).
- For example, see Radin et al., 2006, page 408.[full citation needed]
- Matthews, Robert (April 8, 2006). "Water: The quantum elixir". New Scientist (2546). (subscription required (. ))
- Sheridan, Patricia (September 26, 2005). "Masaru Emoto". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved 2007-05-19.
- Lafee, Scott (March 22, 2006). "Money can buy love – an additive to bottled water". The San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved 2007-05-19.
- Norrell, Brenda (March 16, 2004). "News from the Southwest". Indian Country Today. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-05-20.
- Berlin, David (February 10, 2007). "Let them count the ways to court your sweetie". The San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved 2007-05-20.
- Pasternack, Nancy (February 12, 2005). "Water-enlightening doctor comes to S.C.". Santa Cruz Sentinel. Archived from the original on 2007-09-30. Retrieved 2007-05-20.
- Official website
- Emoto's section of the web site of the movie What the #$*! Do We Know!?
- Masaru Emoto at IMDb
- Gary Greenberg, a biomedical researcher and artist with patents for microscopes, challenges Emoto to explain why his work has not been peer reviewed
- Water-related pseudoscience