Maximilian Karl, 6th Prince of Thurn and Taxis

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Maximilian Karl
Prince of Thurn and Taxis
Prince Maximilian Karl von Thurn und Taxis.jpg
Head of the House of Thurn and Taxis
Period 15 July 1827 – 10 November 1871
Predecessor Karl Alexander
Successor Maximilian Maria
Spouse Baroness Wilhelmine of Dörnberg
Princess Mathilde Sophie of Oettingen-Oettingen and Oettingen-Spielberg
Issue Prince Karl Wilhelm
Princess Therese Mathilde
Maximilian Anton Lamoral, Hereditary Prince of Thurn and Taxis
Prince Egon
Prince Theodor
Prince Otto
Prince Georg
Prince Paul
Princess Amalie
Prince Hugo
Prince Gustav
Prince Wilhelm
Prince Adolf
Prince Franz
Prince Nikolaus
Prince Alfred
Princess Marie Georgine
Full name
German: Maximilian Karl
House House of Thurn and Taxis
Father Karl Alexander, 5th Prince of Thurn and Taxis
Mother Duchess Therese of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Born (1802-11-03)3 November 1802
Regensburg, Electorate of Bavaria
Died 10 November 1871(1871-11-10) (aged 69)
Regensburg, Kingdom of Bavaria
Burial Gruftkapelle, Saint Emmeram's Abbey, Regensburg
Religion Roman Catholic

Maximilian Karl, Prince of Thurn and Taxis,[1][2] full German name: Maximilian Karl Fürst von Thurn und Taxis[1][2] (3 November 1802, Regensburg, Electorate of Bavaria[1][2] – 10 November 1871, Regensburg, Kingdom of Bavaria[1][2]) was the sixth Prince of Thurn and Taxis, head of the Thurn-und-Taxis-Post, and Head of the Princely House of Thurn and Taxis from 15 July 1827 until his death on 10 November 1871.[1]

Early life, education, and military career[edit]

Maximilian Karl was the fourth child of Karl Alexander, 5th Prince of Thurn and Taxis and his wife Duchess Therese of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, sister of Queen Louise of Prussia. He was born on 3 November 1802 in the so-called Inner Palace of St. Emmeram's Abbey. At the age of nine, Maximilian Karl became Under Lieutenant in Bayer's Fourth Bayerrischen Cheveaulegers-Regiment König. After four years of education at Bildungsinstitut Hofwyl, a Swiss educational institution, he joined the Bavarian army on 25 August 1822. After the death of his father in 1827, Maximilian Karl asked for his dismissal from the army. Afterwards, he continued with his new role as head of the House of Thurn and Taxis, with the advisement and support of his mother.[3]

Marriage and family[edit]

Maximilian Karl married Baroness Wilhelmine of Dörnberg, daughter of Ernst, Baron of Dörnberg and his wife Baroness Wilhelmine Henriette Maximiliane of Glauburg, on 24 August 1828 in Regensburg.[1][2] Maximilian Karl and Wilhelmine had five children:[1][2]

Maximilian Karl and Mathilde Sophie with their family at the occasion of their silver wedding anniversary on 24 January 1864.

In their seventh year of marriage, Wilhelmine died at the age of 32. Maximilian Karl mourned her death greatly and constructed the Neo-Gothic mausoleum at St. Emmeram's Abbey for her. Maximilian Karl married secondly to Princess Mathilde Sophie of Oettingen-Oettingen and Oettingen-Spielberg, daughter of Johannes Aloysius III, Prince of Oettingen-Oettingen and Oettingen-Spielberg and his wife Princess Amalie Auguste of Wrede, on 24 January 1839 in Oettingen in Bayern.[1][2] Maximilian Karl and Mathilde Sophie had twelve children:[1][2]

  • Prince Otto of Thurn and Taxis (28 May 1840 – 6 July 1876)[1][2]
  • Prince Georg of Thurn and Taxis (11 July 1841 – 22 December 1874)[1][2]
  • Prince Paul of Thurn and Taxis (27 May 1843 – 10 March 1879)[1][2]
  • Princess Amalie of Thurn and Taxis (12 May 1844 – 12 February 1867)[1][2]
  • Prince Hugo of Thurn and Taxis (24 November 1845 – 15 May 1873)[1][2]
  • Prince Gustav of Thurn and Taxis (23 February 1848 – 9 July 1914)[1][2]
  • Prince Wilhelm of Thurn and Taxis (20 February 1849 – 11 December 1849)[1][2]
  • Prince Adolf of Thurn and Taxis (26 May 1850 – 3 January 1890)[1][2]
  • Prince Franz of Thurn and Taxis (2 March 1852 – 4 May 1897)[1][2]
  • Prince Nikolaus of Thurn and Taxis (2 August 1853 – 26 May 1874)[1][2]
  • Prince Alfred of Thurn and Taxis (11 June 1856 – 9 February 1886)[1][2]
  • Princess Marie Georgine of Thurn and Taxis (25 December 1857 – 13 February 1909)[1][2]

In 1843, Maximilian Karl and his family moved to the newly constructed princely castle of the Thurn and Taxis family in Donaustauf, which was completed in the same year as the nearby Walhalla. The castle Donaustauf was completely destroyed during a blaze on 4 March 1880.

Postal career[edit]

In 1827, Maximilian Karl was his father's successor as head of the private Thurn-und-Taxis-Post which had its headquarters in Frankfurt am Main. With the annexation of the Free City of Frankfurt by the Kingdom of Prussia in 1866 and the forced sale of Thurn-und-Taxis-Post for three million Thalers ended the era of the Thurn and Taxis family's postal monopoly. The handover took place on 1 July 1867.[4]

Titles, styles, honours and arms[edit]

Styles of
Maximilian Karl, Prince of Thurn and Taxis
Thurn und Taxis coa.jpg
Reference style His Serene Highness
Spoken style Your Serene Highness
Alternative style Sir

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 3 November 1802 – 13 November 1805: His Serene Highness Prince Maximilian Karl of Thurn and Taxis
  • 13 November 1805 – 15 July 1827: His Serene Highness The Hereditary Prince of Thurn and Taxis
  • 15 July 1827 – 10 November 1871: His Serene Highness The Prince of Thurn and Taxis

Honours[edit]

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z Darryl Lundy (16 Dec 2008). "Maximilian Karl 6th Fürst von Thurn und Taxis". thePeerage.com. Retrieved 2009-06-21. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y Paul Theroff. "THURN und TAXIS". Paul Theroff's Royal Genealogy Site. Retrieved 2009-06-21. 
  3. ^ Dallmeier, Schad, S. 96.
  4. ^ "Stamp-Collecting-World: German States Stamps from Thurn and Taxis - A Brief History". Retrieved 2011-08-20. 
  • Martin Dallmeier / Martha Schad: The Princely House of Thurn und Taxis, Verlag Friedrich Pustet, Regensburg, Germany 1996 ISBN 3-7917-1492-9.

External links[edit]

Media related to Maximilian Karl, Prince of Thurn and Taxis at Wikimedia Commons

Maximilian Karl, 6th Prince of Thurn and Taxis
Cadet branch of the House of Tassis
Born: 3 November 1802 Died: 10 November 1871
German nobility
Preceded by
Karl Alexander
Prince of Thurn and Taxis
15 July 1827 – 10 November 1871
Succeeded by
Maximilian Maria
Postal offices
Preceded by
Karl Alexander
Postmaster General of the Thurn-und-Taxis-Post
15 July 1827–1867
Succeeded by
Thurn-und-Taxis-Post cedes control of its postal system to the Kingdom of Prussia