Medial pterygoid nerve

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Nerve: Medial pterygoid nerve
Nervuspterygoideusmedialis.png
Mandibular division of the trigeminus nerve. (Internal pterygoid nerve visible but not labeled.)
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Mandibular division of trifacial nerve, seen from the middle line. Nerve to medial pterygoid labeled at bottom.
Latin n. pterygoideus internus
n. pterygoideus medialis
Gray's p.894
Innervates medial pterygoid, tensor veli palatini, tensor tympani
From mandibular nerve

The medial pterygoid nerve (or internal pterygoid nerve) is a branch of the mandibular nerve that innervates the medial pterygoid muscle, tensor veli palatini and tensor tympani.

Structure[edit]

The nerve to the medial pterygoid muscle is a slender branch of the mandibular nerve which enters the deep surface of the muscle; it gives off one or two filaments to the otic ganglion.

The nerve provides physical support for the otic ganglion, but is neurologically distinct.

Branches[edit]

Additionally, the tensor veli palatini is innervated by the nerve to tensor veli palatini, a branch of the nerve to the medial pterygoid. Of the five paired skeletal muscles to the soft palate, tensor veli palati is the only muscle not innervated by the pharyngeal plexus.

See also[edit]

This article incorporates text from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy.