Memorial Bridge (Portsmouth, New Hampshire)
The Memorial Bridge (demolished in 2012), seen from Prescott Park in Portsmouth
|Official name||World War Memorial Bridge|
|Locale||Portsmouth, NH and
|Design||Through Truss Lift Bridge|
|Total length||366.1 m (1,201 ft)|
|Width||8.5 m (27.9 ft)|
|Longest span||91.5 m (300 ft)|
|Clearance below||39.6 m (129.9 ft) (Lift span open)|
|Daily traffic||11000 (2001)|
|Closed||July 27, 2011|
The Memorial Bridge was a through truss lift bridge that for 88 years (1923-2011) carried U.S. 1 across the Piscataqua River between Portsmouth, New Hampshire, and Badger's Island in Kittery, Maine, United States. The bridge was closed permanently to vehicle traffic on July 27, 2011, with a replacement to be built by July 2013. The bridge closed to pedestrians and cyclists on January 9, 2012. Removal of the main lift span of the bridge was completed on February 8, 2012. A replacement bridge opened with a ceremony on August 8, 2013.
The lift span could be fully opened to allow large commercial vessels to pass. During summer, the lift section was partially elevated every half-hour between 7 a.m. and 7 p.m. for smaller commercial and recreational boat traffic. The bridge was the only one of the three Portsmouth Harbor bridges with provisions for pedestrians and bicycles. New Hampshire and Maine designated the bridge as part of their State Bicycle Routes, and the bridge was part of the proposed East Coast Greenway.
Constructed between 1920 and 1923, the bridge was the first without toll to span the Piscataqua between Portsmouth and Kittery. The bridge was constructed as a joint venture between the states of Maine and New Hampshire and the federal government. It was dedicated as a World War I memorial. Its plaque, above the entrance to the first truss span on the Portsmouth side, reads:
- "Memorial to the Sailors and Soldiers of New Hampshire who participated in the World War 1917-1919."
Originally, the road over the bridge was part of New England Interstate Route 1, also known as the Atlantic Highway. When the New England routes were superseded by the United States Numbered Highways in 1926 it was redesignated as US 1.
On October 16, 2009, the New Hampshire Department of Transportation and the Maine Department of Transportation announced the immediate closure of the bridge to all motor vehicle traffic for emergency repairs. The bridge was reopened on November 20, 2009, following completion of repair work, and was reposted at a three-ton weight limit.
On December 9, 2010, the New Hampshire Department of Transportation announced an immediate closure of the bridge (effective 12:00 pm on the same day) to all motor vehicle traffic. This announcement came upon the findings of a regular bridge inspection, which led to observations of significant safety concerns. The bridge was reopened to vehicles under three tons on December 18, 2010, following emergency repairs. Plans for replacement continued to move forward.
Final bridge closure and demolition
On July 27, 2011, the Memorial Bridge was permanently closed. An inspection cited "too many problems in too many places." Portsmouth resident Eileen Foley, who at age 5 cut the ribbon to open the bridge at a 1923 ceremony, tied two ribbons for the closing ceremony. Foley served multiple terms as Portsmouth's mayor during the lifetime of the bridge.
On January 3, 2012, the NHDOT announced that the bridge would be permanently closed to pedestrians and cyclists on January 9, 2012. The NHDOT operated an hourly shuttle bus between Portsmouth and Kittery until the new bridge was complete. The center span of the bridge was demolished on February 8, 2012.
Because of the condition of the bridge, vehicles weighing more than 20 tons were prohibited. This restriction was lowered to 10 tons on July 10, 2009. A rehabilitation project for the bridge was planned for 2009, pending funding. The project was expected to last two years and cost more than $30 million. It was expected that the federal government would cover 80% of the cost. The rest would have been split between Maine and New Hampshire.
The Memorial Bridge rehabilitation project was placed on hold in 2009 because the winning bid for the contract came in $15 million over the intended budget. This stalled rehabilitation project together with proposals to demolish and replace the bridge were factors in the inclusion of the bridge in the National Trust for Historic Preservation list of America's 11 Most Endangered Historic Places for 2009.
On May 6, 2010, the Senate Transportation Committee of the New Hampshire legislature unanimously voted to include $44 million in bonds that, in addition to other state and federal funds, would allow the Memorial Bridge to be replaced without further funding from Maine, which is half-owner of the bridge. This plan was contingent on approval by the full legislature, an agreement with the State of Maine, and availability of federal stimulus funds. George Campbell, commissioner of the N.H. Department of Transportation, said at a Portsmouth City Council meeting in 2010 that the bridge was too far beyond repair for rehabilitation. Original bridge piers would be reused. The replica would look similar to the original span.
The new bridge was officially dedicated at a ceremony on the New Hampshire side of the span just before noon on August 8, 2013. Former Portsmouth Mayor Eileen Foley cut the red ribbon 90 years after she performed the same honors for the original span in 1923. The bridge initially opened to only pedestrians and bicyclists. The new bridge - constructed over two still existing piers - opened to vehicular traffic at 2:00 p.m., first with southbound traffic (Maine to New Hampshire), and then northbound. Additional work on the new bridge was expected to be finished by November 2013.
On March 7, 2014, at 5:15 AM the oil tanker Seapride struck the bridge's pier #3 on the Maine side of the channel. Initial inspection indicated that damage was confined to the bumper system designed to protect the bridge from collision damage. The bridge remained open and was not closed to traffic. The United States Coast Guard initiated an investigation.
A sailboat passes beneath the open lift span
- Nationalbridges.com. "National Bridge Inventory Bridges - 021702470008400". Retrieved 2006-09-29.
- "Date And Time Set For Memorial Bridge Lift Span "Float Out"". NH Department of Transportation. February 7, 2012. Retrieved February 9, 2012.
- NHDOT (January 3, 2012). "Memorial Bridge Closing to Walkers and Cyclists on January 9". Retrieved January 7, 2012.
- WMUR (February 9, 2012). "Center Span Of Memorial Bridge Removed". Retrieved February 9, 2012.
- Seacoast Area Bicycle Routes. "Rehabilitation of Memorial Bridge, Portsmouth NH". Retrieved 2006-10-02.
- NHDOT. "Memorial Bridge Reopening Today to Vehicle Traffic". Retrieved 2009-11-21.
- NHDOT. "Memorial Bridge to Reopen Today Following Repairs". Retrieved 2011-06-29.
- NHDOT. "Tiger II Funding Secured For Memorial Bridge Replacement". Retrieved 2011-06-29.
- PortsmouthPatch. "Memorial Bridge Gets Send Off".
- Wood, Roger. "What to do when Memorial Bridge is Under Repair - New Hampshire Public Radio". Retrieved 2006-10-02.
- Darman, David (2009-05-01). "Stalled Memorial Bridge Repairs Frustrate Portsmouth Residents - New Hampshire Public Radio". Retrieved 2009-05-14.
- National Trust for Historic Preservation (2009-04-28). "11 Most Endangered - Memorial Bridge - 2009". Retrieved 2009-05-13.
- Seacoastonline.com (2010-05-07). "New Hampshire will save the Memorial Bridge". Retrieved 2010-05-07.
- "New Memorial Bridge Set to Open on August 8". NHDOT. NHDOT. Retrieved 8 August 2013.
- "Oil tanker strikes pier on Memorial Bridge". WMUR. Retrieved 7 March 2014.
- Memorial Bridge Webcam - www.portsmouthwebcam.com
- Dedication of the Memorial Bridge; Portsmouth, NH to Kittery, ME; August 17, 1923, pictures from the newsreel of the opening of the bridge (seacoastnh.com)
- "A Big Bridge and a Little Girl, 1923", J. Dennis Robinson, Aug. 16, 1998. Related article discussing the bridge and girl who cut the ribbon. Her mother, and later she herself, would go on to become mayors of Portsmouth.
- "Stuck gate on bridge stalls Rt. 1 traffic"; Emily Aronson, Portsmouth Herald, Sept. 14, 2006
- "A Bridge Too Vital", D. Allan Kerr, seacoastonline.com (opinion piece)
- Image Gallery: "Memorial Bridge Gets Sendoff", Portsmouth Patch, October 2, 2011