Muntok or, more commonly, Mentok is a town in the Indonesian province of Bangka-Belitung, Indonesia. Muntok is the capital of the West Bangka Regency. Muntok is site of the biggest tin smelter on the world. Mentok refers to the tip of the island.
Muntok was founded at 1732 by Encek Wan Akub as order of Sultan Palembang Darussalam Sri Susuhan Mahmud Badaruddin I, beginning as a small village consisting of 7 wooden houses for the Royal family of Encek Wan Abdul Jabbar, father-in-law of sultan Badaruddin I of Palembang Darussalam who was married his daughter Zamnah for his 2nd wife from Siantan Natuna.
Encek Wan Akub discovered a large amount of tin ore at Ulim river, south Bangka Island on a voyage of discovery with his secret task force and reported it to sultan Badaruddin I of Palembang Darussalam.
In 1812 the British East India Company captured Muntok, renamed it Minto (after Lord Minto, then Governor-General of India), and used it as their head quarters in gudang kuning to attack Palembang Darussalam for monopoly of the tin trade.
After the Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1814 in 1818 the British left Bangka Island and Muntok to the Dutch.
In 1913 the Dutch Indies Government moved the capital of the Bangka-Belitung Residency from Muntok to Pangkal Pinang.
The majority of the people in Muntok are Malay and Hakka Chinese. The Malay are moslem, the majority of Chinese are Buddhist, Catholic and Protestant, and there is a small population of Arabian moslems.
Muntok is a tin smelter town and many people work in the smelter. Other people are government employees, and there are also fishermen, farmers, and tin miners. Muntok is 3 hours from Palembang by speed ship and 2 hours by paved road from Pangkal Pinang.
- http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Captain+Burn+and+associates:+British+intelligence-gathering,+trade,...-a0134382052 Captain Burn and associates...
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