Menyhért Lónyay

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
The native form of this personal name is nagylónyai és vásárosnaményi gróf Lónyay Menyhért. This article uses the Western name order.
Menyhért Lónyay
Lónyay Menyhért.jpg
Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Hungary
In office
14 November 1871 – 4 December 1872
Monarch Francis Joseph I
Preceded by Gyula Andrássy
Succeeded by József Szlávy
Personal details
Born (1822-01-06)6 January 1822
Nagylónya (today Lónya), Hungary
Died 3 November 1884(1884-11-03) (aged 62)
Budapest, Hungary
Nationality Hungarian

Menyhért Count Lónyay de Nagylónya et Vásárosnamény (Nagylónya, 6 January 1822 – Budapest, 3 November 1884) was a Hungarian politician who served as Prime Minister of Hungary from 1871 to 1872.

He was born to an aristocratic Protestant family, and studied law in Pest. He became a member of the Hungarian Diet in 1843, where he was a member of the opposition, though he also opposed the protectionist tariff system of Lajos Kossuth. He was undersecretary of state in the government brought to power by the Hungarian Revolution of 1848, and fled when the rebellion was put down in 1849. He returned to the country in 1850 under an amnesty. Upon his return, he promoted control of the Tisza river and organized agriculture and the financial sector. He protested in favor of the autonomy of Protestant churches after the Patent of 1859 endangered them.

He was appointed Minister of Finance under the first constitutional Prime Minister, Gyula Andrássy, in 1867, and in 1870 became the Minister of Finance of Austria-Hungary. In August 1871 he was raised to the rank of Count, and in November 1871 he became Prime Minister of Hungary. He was driven from office relatively quickly, however, amidst accusations of corruption: He was accused directly by a member of the Diet on 18 November 1872, and was dismissed on 2 December of that year. He became a member of the upper chamber of the Diet in 1875, and died in 1884.

Ancestors[edit]

Menyhért Lónyay de Nagylónya et Vásárosnamény's ancestors in three generations
Menyhért Lónyay de Nagylónya et Vásárosnamény Father:
János Lónyay de Nagylónya et Vásárosnamény
Paternal Grandfather:
Menyhért Lónyay de Nagylónya et Vásárosnamény
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Baron László Lónyay de Nagylónya et Vásárosnamény
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Zsófia Darvas de Nagy-Réth
Paternal Grandmother:
Erzsébet Szemere de Szemere
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Mother:
Florentina Lónyay de Nagylónya et Vásárosnamény
Maternal Grandfather:
Gábor Lónyay de Nagylónya et Vásárosnamény
Maternal Great-grandfather:
János Lónyay de Nagylónya et Vásárosnamény
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Florentina Lónyay de Nagylónya et Vásárosnamény
Maternal Grandmother:
Piroska Prónay de Tóthpróna et Blathnicza
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Maternal Great-grandmother:

References[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Ferenc Duschek
Minister of Finance
1867–1870
Succeeded by
Károly Kerkapoly
Preceded by
Friedrich Ferdinand von Beust
Joint Minister of Finance of Austria-Hungary
1870–1871
Succeeded by
Gyula Andrássy
Preceded by
Gyula Andrássy
Prime Minister of Hungary
1871–1872
Succeeded by
József Szlávy
Minister of Defence
1871–1872
Cultural offices
Preceded by
József Eötvös
President of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences
1871–1884
Succeeded by
Ágoston Trefort