Mercedes-Benz W110

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Mercedes-Benz W110
Heckflosse110.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Mercedes-Benz
Production
  • 1961–1968
  • 628,282 built (see text)
Assembly
Body and chassis
Class Executive car
Vehicles Mercedes-Benz E-Class
Chronology
Predecessor Mercedes-Benz W120
Successor Mercedes-Benz W114/W115

The W110 "Fintail" (German: Heckflosse) was Mercedes-Benz's line of midsize four-cylinder automobiles in the mid-1960s. The line was introduced with the 190c and 190Dc sedan in April, 1961,[2] replacing the W120 180c/180Dc and W121 190b/190Db. The W110 line was refreshed in July, 1965 to become the 200 and Diesel 200D (model year 1966 for North America); at the same time, a six-cylinder 230 (successor to the Mercedes 220) became part of the W110 line. Production lasted just three more years, with the W115 220 and 220D introduced in 1968. The W110 and the 6-cylinder W111 were the first series of Mercedes cars to be extensively crash tested for occupant safety.


First Series (1961–1965)[edit]

First Series
190c/190Dc
Mercedes-Benz 190 1897cc 1 jun 1964.JPG
1964 Mercedes-Benz 190 (W110 First Series)
Overview
Production 1961–1965
Powertrain
Engine 1.9 L M121 I4
2.0 L OM621 Diesel I4

The 190c and 190Dc replaced the W120 180c/180Dc and W121 190b/190Db as Mercedes-Benz's line of less-expensive four-cylinder sedans. The "D" denoted a Diesel engine, a technology pioneered by Mercedes-Benz and championed despite widespread derision in the motoring press. The body was derived from the W111 series but with a 145 mm shorter nose and round headlights (which gave a front-end appearance more reminiscent of the W120/121 ponton models). The rear end was identical to the W111 220b (the 220b was the base model of the W111 series). The interior layout and dimensions were also identical to the W111 220b, but with fewer options such as fixed-back seats and bakelite trim on the dashboard (as opposed to timber in the W111 models). Because the 190c and 190Dc models were basically a W111 220b with a shorter front, they offered the same interior and luggage space as the W111 series but with smaller and more fuel efficient engines. This made them extremely popular with taxi drivers.[3] Production of the 190Dc exceeded that of the petrol-engined 190c by nearly 100,000 units.

Models[edit]

Chassis code Years Model Engine Number built[4]
W110.010 1961–1965 190c 1.9 L M121 I4 130,554
W110.110 1961–1965 190Dc 2.0 L OM621 Diesel I4 225,645


Second Series (1965–1968)[edit]

Second Series
200/200D/230
Mercedes kleine flosse h sst.jpg
Overview
Production 1965—1968
Powertrain
Engine 2.0 L M121 I4
2.3 L M180 I6
2.0 L OM621 I4

The second series of 4-cylinder cars lasted just a few years. Production of the new 200, 200D and 230 models commenced in July, 1965,[5] at the Sindelfingen plant. The 200 and 200D replaced the 190c and 190Dc models respectively. The engine in the 200 had the bore increased from 85 to 87 mm, giving a 1988 cc displacement, and was fitted with twin carburetors (the 190c had a single carburetor). The OM621 diesel engine in the 200D was essentially identical to that of the 190Dc (which was actually a 1988 c.c. unit despite the car being labelled as a '190') but was improved by using a five main bearing crankshaft instead of the original three. Visually, the second series models had the front indicators relocated from the top of the front fenders to below the headlights. At the rear, the tail lights were enlarged and squared off and the chrome trim was revised (including the removal of the chrome trim from the trailing edge of the tailfins). All models now featured air outlets with chrome trim on the C-pillars (identical to the W111 models). Inside, there were very few changes except all models now featured reclining front seats (excluding the bench seats) this had been previously an option on the 190c and 190Dc, and the 230 had a central armrest in the back seat as standard. In the later half of 1967 the interior door handles and dashboard switchgear were upgraded to match that of the W108/114/115 series cars.[6] All three of the W110 second series cars ended production in January 1968 with the introduction of the W115 220 and 220D.

Models[edit]

Chassis code Years Model Engine Number built[4]
W110.010 1965–1968 200 2.0 L M121 I4 70,207
W110.011 1965–1968 230 2.3 L M180 I6 40,258
W110.110 1965–1968 200D 2.0 L OM621 I4 161,618


Timeline[edit]

Chassis Type 1962 1963 1964 1965 1965.5 1966 1967 1968
W110 sedan 190c 230
200
190Dc 200D


Estate car[edit]

Mercedes-Benz W110 Kombi

An estate car version of the 230S four-cylinder-engined car was introduced in 1965 and achieved modest success in certain markets including Germany, Belgium and the UK. The car was actually the result of a conversion carried out by the Mechelen based company Société Anonyme pour l'Importation de Moteurs et d'Automobiles (IMA) which was already assembling saloon version of the cars from CKD kits and which was also the Belgian Mercedes-Benz importer.[7] With the reduction in tariffs that followed the development of the EEC, small-scale assembly of this kind within the EEC but outside Germany no longer made sense, and assembly of the Mercedes-Benz cars at Malines stopped in 1973, by which time the plant had assembled 78,568 four-cylinder Mercedes-Benz cars based on the W111 and its successor model.

References[edit]

  1. ^ An Australian Mercedes-Benz? - www.mbspares.com.au Retrieved on 1 November 2012
  2. ^ Oswald, op. cit., p. 39
  3. ^ Van Eeck, Maartin. "The Mercedes-Benz Heckflosse - The 190 and 190D". 
  4. ^ a b Oswald, Werner (1. Auflage 2001). Deutsche Autos 1945-1990, Band 4. Stuttgart: Motorbuch Verlag. ISBN 3-613-02131-5. 
  5. ^ Oswald, op. cit., p. 39
  6. ^ Van Eeck, Maartin. "The Mercedes-Benz Heckflosse". 
  7. ^ "Mercedes from Malines". Autocar: pp. 14–16. 19 January 1967. 

External links[edit]