Mercedes-Benz E-Class

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Mercedes-Benz E-Class
Mercedes-Benz E 220 CDI Avantgarde (W 212, Facelift) – Frontansicht, 13. April 2013, Düsseldorf.jpg
Mercedes-Benz E220 CDI Avantgarde (W212)
Overview
Manufacturer Mercedes-Benz
Magna Steyr (1996–2009, 4MATIC only)
Production predecessors date to mid-1930s
E-class nomenclature adopted in 1993
Body and chassis
Class Executive car/Mid-size luxury car
Layout Front engine, rear-wheel drive/Four-wheel drive
Related Mercedes-Benz CLS-Class

The Mercedes-Benz E-Class is a range of executive cars manufactured by Mercedes-Benz in various engine and body configurations produced since 1993. Prior to 1993, Mercedes-Benz offered the same category of car under a non-unified naming structure. The E initially stood for Einspritzmotor (German for fuel injection engine); a new feature in volume production vehicles at the time that the E-Class first appeared, with the E as a suffix to the engine nomenclature (e.g. 230E) in the 1960s. It was not until the launch of the facelifted W124 in 1993 that the E was used as a prefix (i.e., E 220) and the model referred to officially as the E-Class (or E-Klasse). At this time all Mercedes cars used fuel injection and the company felt it was no longer necessary to add this as a distinguishing feature. Due to the E-Class's size and durability, the cars also frequently serve as taxis in European countries. Mercedes-Benz also offers special-purpose vehicles (e.g., police or ambulance modifications) from the factory.[1]

Predecessors[edit]

W120 (1953–1962)[edit]

Main article: Mercedes-Benz W120

The first modern mid size Mercedes was the W120 'Ponton' 180 of 1953. Sharing its engineering with the R121 190 SL of 1955, the Ponton was a stylish sedan with four-cylinder power. A larger-engined W121 190 appeared in 1958.

W110 (1961–1968)[edit]

Main article: Mercedes-Benz W110

Mercedes added tailfins to both the big S-Class and the new W110 'Fintail' 190 of 1962. Straight-6 power appeared for the first time in the 1965 230 model, and the fours grew in displacement that year as well.

W114, W115 (1968–1976)[edit]

Main article: Mercedes-Benz W114

The mid size Mercedes was redesigned in 1968 as the W114/W115 'Stroke-8'. This time, the 6-cylinder models (The W114s) were most prevalent, with the W115 line making up the bottom of the company's offerings with four – and five-cylinder power. Diesel engines joined the line-up, as did a coupé body.

W123 (1976–1986)[edit]

Main article: Mercedes-Benz W123

The popular W123 quickly became a best-seller on its launch in 1976. Especially in diesel powered 200D and 240D (later also the five-cylinder 300D) guises, the cars enhanced the company's reputation for product quality. Over 2.6 million were produced until the end of production in 1986.

Saloon/Sedan, Coupé and Estate body configurations were offered.

W124 (1984–1993)[edit]

Main article: Mercedes-Benz W124

The W124 was released in 1984. When the series received a facelift in 1993, the naming structure was rationalised and unified under the "E-Class" brand.

First generation (W124; 1993–1995)[edit]

W124
Mercedes-Benz W124T front 20090418.jpg
Overview
Production 1993–1995
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door sedan
5-door station wagon
2-door coupé
2-door convertible
Main article: Mercedes-Benz W124

The 'E-Class' name first appeared in the USA with the face-lifted W124 for the model year 1994 (the W124 was introduced in the US in 1986 but continued with the older naming convention until 1993, when all Mercedes-Benz models switched to a new system, e.g., E320 instead of 300E). The diesel versions continued to be the fuel economy option over the four and six-cylinder gasoline engines, and the gasoline V8 engines (available after 1992) increased gasoline power outputs further. Four-cylinder gasoline models were not marketed in the United States. The V8 powered sedans/saloons were named 400E/500E from 1992–1993, and E420/E500 after 1993. Likewise, the 3-liter cars (e.g., 'E300') where also re-badged to 'E320' with the new 3.2 litre engines and naming rationalization of 1994. For the diesel models the namechange was less elegant, with the 250D becoming the E250 Diesel for example.

Saloon/Sedan, Coupé, Convertible and Estate body configurations were offered.

From 1992 to 1994 Mercedes offered a limited production sport version of the W124 sedan, created and assembled with help from Porsche. This was called the 500E (E500 for 1994).

Second generation (W210; 1995–2002)[edit]

Main article: Mercedes-Benz W210
W210
1998-1999 Mercedes-Benz E 240 (W210) Elegance sedan (2011-11-17) 01.jpg
Overview
Production 1995–2002
Model years 1996–2002
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door sedan
5-door station wagon

The W210 E-Class, launched in 1995, brought the mid-size Mercedes firmly into the upper end of the luxury market. Though six-cylinder models were still offered, the four-light front end and high prices moved the car upmarket. In September 1999 the W210 E-class was facelifted. This included visual, mechanical and quality improvements over the earlier versions.

The Mercedes-Benz E-Class was Motor Trend's Import Car of the Year for 1996.

While the W210 sedan was replaced by the W211 in 2002, the wagon version continued to be sold until 2003 until the W211 wagon was available.


Third generation (W211; 2002–2009)[edit]

Main article: Mercedes-Benz W211
W211
Mercedes-Benz E320 2 -- 12-17-2009.jpg
Overview
Production 2002–2009
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door sedan
5-door station wagon
Platform Mercedes-Benz W211
Related Mercedes-Benz CLS-Class

Launched in 2002, the W211 E-Class was another evolution of the previous model. Before North American sales began, the car was shown in the 2002 movie Men in Black II.

The W211-based W219 CLS-Class 4-door coupé was introduced as a niche model in 2005, primarily to attract a younger demographic.

The W211 E-Class was facelifted in June 2006 for the 2007 model year to address quality and technical issues raised by earlier models, Sensotronic was dropped, while Pre-Safe (w/o brake support) was made standard. The largest factory built engine in the E-class range is the E500 (badged E550 in the U.S.) which had its engine size increased from 5 litres to 5.5 litres in 2006 along with the facelift. There is also an AMG model badged E63 AMG and other tuning house installations.

In 2007 the diesel version of the E-Class was rebadged from CDI (Common rail Direct Injection) to Bluetec. While in some of the other Mercedes-Benz diesels urea injection was added, in the W211 E-Class the Bluetec name was only adopted to prevent confusion in the diesel lineup.


Fourth generation (2009–2013)[edit]

Sedan and wagon (W212)[edit]

Main article: Mercedes-Benz W212
Mercedes-Benz W212
Mercedes E 250 CDI BlueEFFICIENCY Avantgarde (W212) front 20100705.jpg
Overview
Production 2009–2013
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door sedan
5-door station wagon
Layout Front engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive

The W212 replaced the W211 in 2009. Official photos of the W 212 were leaked on the internet on 9 December 2008 ahead of its 2009 Geneva Motor Show unveiling.[2] Scans of a leaked brochure were posted onto the internet in January 2009, detailing the whole E-Class range including the new E 200 CGI and E 230 CGI with direct injected forced inducted engines.[3] New features include a blind spot monitor, Lane Keeping Assist, Pre-safe with Attention Assist and Night View Assist Plus. In the United States the E-class will be priced nearly US$4,600 less than the previous model.[4] The E-class coupe is built in Bremen using the W204 C-class platform.[5] The W212 estate was also announced and goes on sale from November 2009.[6] The W212 cabriolet was announced January 11, 2010 at the North American International Auto Show, for sale March 27, 2010 in Europe and in May 2010 in the United States.[7]

Features on the 2010 version include folding mirrors when locked. Locking can be done on the touch sensors on every door handle and the lock button of the power closing trunk. The colors available for sedan are: Calcite White, Black, Cuprit Brown Metallic, Diamond White BRIGHT Metallic, Indium Grey Metallic, Iridium Silver Metallic, Obsidian Black, Palladium Silver Metallic, Pearl Beige Metallic, Tanzanite Blue Metallic and Tenorite Grey Metallic.

In 2013, the E-Class received a major facelift. The front fascia was heavily restyled, giving it a more aggressive look compared to the pre-facelift model. It incorporates a new, bigger, sharper front grille and a new, singular front lights (marking the end of Mercedes's dual headlamps use) with LED DRLs. An optional all-LED headlamps was also available. The front bumper was made more sharp, with bigger air intakes. In the rear, the car was also given a new, rear LED tail lights. The facelift was meant to make it more appealing to younger customers, who prefer its newer rivals (the BMW 5 Series, Audi A6, and Lexus GS) for their more modern looks. Inside, the car's cabin has been minimally restyled with new A/C and a new, incorporated clock in the center console between the central air vents, like the Mercedes-Benz S-Class. Most of the engines remained unchanged from the previous model. A new 1.6 litre four-cylinder has been added to the line. The Coupé and Cabrio shared a more aggressive, swifter look than the sedan, with a more svelte front fascia and a sleeker bonnet.

Fifth Generation (W213)[edit]

Mercedes-Benz W213
Overview
Production 2014-Present
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door Sedan
2-door Coupé

The 2014 Mercedes-Benz E-class is the result of what we imagine is the most extensive face-lift in the history of the brand. This mid-term make over packs a considerable amount of new technology under significantly restyled sedan and wagon bodies. But a nip and tuck as extreme as anything seen in any plastic surgeon’s office wasn’t unwarranted given the number of redesigned competitors in the mid-size luxury-sedan segment. The Audi A6, the BMW 5-series, and the Lexus GS all are still quite fresh, and the next-gen Cadillac CTS—larger and more upscale than ever—will be here before you know it.

The engine lineup of the E-class has been significantly overhauled, but only a fraction of those mills will be offered in the U.S., where the global 2.0-liter turbo four of the E200 and E250 will not be available. Eventually, we believe base duties in America will be handled by the 248-hp, naturally aspirated direct-injected 3.5-liter V-6 in a new-to-the-U.S. E300. For now, though, that same engine will be tuned to deliver 302 hp for duty in the E350, which will again be available with rear- or 4MATIC all-wheel drive and in both body styles. The E400 hybrid sedan pairs the 3.5-liter six with a 27-hp, 184-lb-ft electric motor to deliver an estimated 24 mpg in the city and 30 mpg on the highway. Benz will continue to offer the 402-hp, twin-turbocharged 4.7-liter V-8 in the four-door E550, which will again be exclusively all-wheel drive.

Topping the E lineup will be the significantly revised [E63 AMG], with its updated 5.5-liter twin-turbo V-8 producing 550 hp and 531 lb-ft of torque and feeding all four wheels; we recently got a ride in a prototype, and you can read much more about the car here. There will again be an E63 AMG wagon, which is of course awesome. On the compression-ignition front, the E350 BlueTec will be supplanted the new-for-2014 E250, available with 4MATIC. The E250’s diesel four-cylinder will deliver 190 hp and 369 lb-ft of torque, not far off the 210 hp and 400 lb-ft of the six-pot diesel it will replace. All powertrains will feature stop-start capability.


A seven-speed automatic will be standard fare across the E-class board. The interior is beautifully equipped, with lavish-looking seats, a new steering wheel, and wood or aluminum décor that now stretches along the entire dashboard. One highlight is a center-mounted analog clock that recalls art-deco style.

The new E also will preview the next S-class, as it will debut a number of gadgets and active- and passive safety systems that will trickle up to Mercedes’ flagship sedan. (Here’s a rundown on the next S’s technology array.) An optional stereoscopic camera mounted in the windshield offers forward visibility of up to 550 yards. Within 50 yards, the camera can recognize three-dimensional shapes and movement. That data, in concert with the car’s radar systems, is fed into the car’s collision-mitigation system. Radar also is used in the car’s active cruise control, which can now be used in a semi-autonomous fashion in stop-and-go traffic, including automatic lane-keeping. The brake-assist system, when cross traffic or pedestrians are detected, will now increase brake pressure to avoid hitting them. Pre-Safe Plus will lock the seatbelts and apply more brake pressure in the event of a rear-end collision, reducing the possibility of serious injury and helping to avoid sliding into a car or object to the front. These systems as well as a few others may not be entirely likeable to many, but they’re certainly impressive. Benz’s claim to make some of the safest and most technologically advanced cars on the road.

Production and sales[edit]

Calendar year Production (sedan/estate/coupe/convertible) US sales China sales
2001 44,445[8]
2002 42,598
2003 55,683[9]
2004 58,954
2005 50,383[10]
2006 50,195
2007 48,950[11]
2008 38,576
2009 43,072[12] 8,200[13]
2010 323,200 (208,400 / 44,400 / 49,600 / 20,800)[14] 60,922 40,760[15]
2011 338,386 62,736[16]
2012 310,408 65,171
2013 69,803
2014 N/A

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Mercedes-Benz Deutschland – Sonderfahrzeuge – Taxi – E-Klasse" (in German). Daimler AG. Retrieved 2008-08-05. 
  2. ^ "Mercedes E-Klasse: de eerste foto's". Autoscoops.eu. Retrieved 2011-12-03. 
  3. ^ Tan, Paul. "Leaked 2010 Mercedes-Benz E-Class (W 212) Brochures with detailed specification sheets". Paultan.org. Retrieved 2011-12-03. 
  4. ^ Joseph, Noah (2009-04-05). "Mercedes slashes nearly $5k off the list price of a new E-Class — Autoblog". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2010-03-21. 
  5. ^ Shunk, Chris (2009-05-19). "2010 Mercedes-Benz E-Class Coupe a C-Class underneath? — Autoblog". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2010-03-21. 
  6. ^ "2010 Mercedes E-Class Estate, Intelligent (E)state-of-the-art". Carthusiast.com. 2009-08-06. Retrieved 2010-03-21. 
  7. ^ "2010 Mercedes-Benz E-Class Cabriolet World Debut in Detroit". Worldcarfans.com. Retrieved 2010-03-21. 
  8. ^ "Mercedes-Benz USA Records Highest Sales in Its History. – Free Online Library". Thefreelibrary.com. 2003-01-03. Retrieved 2011-12-03. 
  9. ^ "2004 Highest Year on Record for Mercedes-Benz USA". Theautochannel.com. Retrieved 2010-03-21. 
  10. ^ "Mercedes-Benz Rings in the New Year with Record 2006 Sales". Theautochannel.com. Retrieved 2010-03-21. 
  11. ^ "Mercedes-Benz USA's Sales Drop 32.1 Percent In December 2008 | eMercedesBenz – The Unofficial Mercedes-Benz Weblog". eMercedesBenz. 2009-01-05. Retrieved 2010-03-21. 
  12. ^ "Highest Sales Month for the Year at 21,469 Brings Mercedes-Benz to an... – MONTVALE, N.J., Jan. 4, 2011 /PRNewswire/". New Jersey: Prnewswire.com. Retrieved 2011-12-03. 
  13. ^ "Mercedes-Benz China Homepage – 2010 News – A Record-Breaking Year: Mercedes-Benz Concludes 2009 with Unprecedented Sales". Mercedes-benz.com.cn. 2010-01-11. Retrieved 2011-12-03. 
  14. ^ "Successful Year for Mercedes-Benz: Sales Up 15 Percent Worldwide in 2010 | Daimler > Investor Relations > Capital Market Releases". Daimler. Retrieved 2011-12-03. 
  15. ^ "Mercedes-Benz China Homepage – 2011 News – 115% Growth – Mercedes-Benz Remains China's Fastest Growing Premium brand in 2010". Mercedes-benz.com.cn. Retrieved 2011-12-03. 
  16. ^ http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/mercedes-benz-usa-hits-its-highest-ever-us-volume-with-sales-of-305072-185567602.html

Bibliography[edit]

General[edit]

  • Barrett, Frank (1998). Illustrated Buyer's Guide Mercedes-Benz. Motorbooks International Illustrated Buyer's Guide series (2nd ed.). Osceola, WI, USA: MBI Publishing. ISBN 0760304513. 
  • Clarke, R.M., ed. (2007). Mercedes AMG Gold Portfolio 1983-1999. Road Test Portfolio Series. Cobham, Surrey, UK: Brooklands Books. ISBN 9781855207455. 
  • Clarke, R.M., ed. (2007). Mercedes AMG Ultimate Portfolio 2000-2006. Road Test Portfolio Series. Cobham, Surrey, UK: Brooklands Books. ISBN 9781855207486. 
  • Clarke, R.M., ed. (2011). Mercedes-Benz E-Class W124 1985–1995. Road Test Portfolio Series. Cobham, Surrey, UK: Brooklands Books. ISBN 9781855208896. 
  • Engelen, Günter (2002). Mercedes-Benz Personenwagen Band 3 Seit 1986 [Mercedes-Benz Passenger Cars Volume 3 Since 1986]. Stuttgart: Motorbuch Verlag. ISBN 3613021692.  (German)
  • Frommann, Jens (2014). Mercedes W 124: Typengeschichte und Technik [Mercedes W 124: Type History and Technology]. München: GeraMond. ISBN 9783862456581.  (German)
  • Hofner, Heribert; Schrader, Halwart (2005). Mercedes-Benz Automobile Band 2: von 1964 bis heute [Mercedes-Benz Automobiles Volume 2: from 1964 to today]. Königswinter, Germany: Heel. ISBN 3898804194.  (German)
  • Hofner, Heribert (2010). Mercedes-Benz Typenkunde: Modelle der Mittelklasse ab 1984 E-Klasse und CLS-Klasse [Mercedes-Benz Type Study: Midsized Models from 1984 E Class and CLS Class]. Bielefeld, Germany: Delius Klasing. ISBN 9783768832267.  (German)
  • Kittler, Eberhard (2002). Typenkompass Mercedes-Benz Band 2. Personenwagen seit 1976 [Typenkompass Mercedes-Benz Volume 2. Passenger Cars since 1976]. Typenkompass series. Stuttgart: Motorbuch Verlag. ISBN 3613022095.  (German)
  • Larimer, Fred (2004). Mercedes-Benz Buyer's Guide: Roadsters, Coupes, and Convertibles. St. Paul, MN, USA: MBI Publishing. ISBN 0760318115. 
  • Niemann, Harry (2006). Personenwagen von Mercedes-Benz: Automobillegenden und Geschichten seit 1886 [Passenger Cars from Mercedes-Benz: Automobile Legends and Stories since 1886]. Stuttgart: Motorbuch Verlag. ISBN 3613025965.  (German)
  • Oswald, Werner (2001). Mercedes-Benz Personenwagen Band 2 1945–1985 [Mercedes-Benz Passenger Cars Volume 2 1945–1985]. Stuttgart: Motorbuch Verlag. ISBN 3613021684.  (German)
  • Pitt, Colin (2005). Mercedes-Benz W124 Enthusiasts Guide. Hockley, Essex, UK: Unique Motor Books. ISBN 1841555355. 
  • Pitt, Colin, ed. (2007). Mercedes-Benz W124 Series 1985–1997: Sedan, Coupe, Convertible. Hockley, Essex, UK: Unique Motor Books. ISBN 9781841556529. 
  • St. Antoine, Arthur. "Magnum Force". Car and Driver (April 1992): 47–56. 
  • Schlegelmilch, Rainer W.; Lehbrink, Hartmut; von Osterroth, Jochen (2013). Mercedes (revised ed.). Königswinter, Germany: Ullmann Publishing. ISBN 9783848002672. 
  • Taylor, James (1994). Mercedes-Benz since 1945: A Collector's Guide. Volume 4: The 1980s. Croydon, UK: Motor Racing Publications. pp. 8–16, 65–88, 97–104, 107–111. ISBN 0947981772. 
  • Taylor, James (2009). Mercedes-Benz: Cars of the 1990s. Crowood AutoClassic Series. Ramsbury, Marlborough, UK: The Crowood Press. pp. 8–27, 91–107. ISBN 9781847970961. 

Workshop manuals[edit]

  • Drayton, Spencer; Coombs, Mark; Rendle, Steve (1996). Mercedes Benz 124 Series (85–93) Service and Repair Manual. Haynes Service and Repair Manual Series. Sparkford, UK: Haynes. ISBN 1859602533. 
  • Etzold, Rüdiger (1999). Mercedes E-Klasse: Typ W124, 200 bis E 320 von 1/85 bis 6/95. So wird's gemacht, Band 54 (9th ed.). Bielefield, Germany: Delius Klasing. ISBN 3768805379.  (German)
  • Etzold, Rüdiger (1999). Mercedes E-Klasse Diesel: Typ W124, 200D bis 300TD von 1/85 bis 6/95. So wird's gemacht, Band 55 (8th ed.). Bielefield, Germany: Delius Klasing. ISBN 3768805387.  (German)
  • Korp, Dieter (2008). Mercedes-Benz: 200 D/250 D/300 D Dezember '84 bis Juni '93 / E 200/250/300 Diesel ab Juli '93. Jetzt helfe ich mir selbst series, Band 123. Stuttgart: Motorbuch Verlag. ISBN 9783613011557.  (German)
  • Korp, Dieter (2011). Mercedes-Benz: 200 – 320 E , E 200 – 320 200/200 E / 230 E / 260 E / 280 E /300 E / 300 E-24 / 320 E Dezember '84 bis Juni '93. E 200 / 220 / 280 / 320 Juli '93 bis Juni '95 200/230 E/260 E/300 E ab Dezember '84. Jetzt helfe ich mir selbst series, Band 124 (6th ed.). Stuttgart: Motorbuch Verlag. ISBN 9783613011564.  (German)
  • Ritter, Stu (2002). Mercedes-Benz E-Class Owner's Bible: 1986–1995. Cambridge, MA, USA: Bentley Publishers. ISBN 0837602300. 
  • Russek, Peter (1991). Mercedes 124 Series 200, 200E, 200T, 200TE, 230E, 230CE. Pocket Mechanic Vehicle Manual. Caversham, Reading, Berkshire, UK: Peter Russek Publications. ISBN 0907779018. 
  • Russek, Peter (1994). Mercedes 200, 250, 300D Series 124. Pocket Mechanic Vehicle Manual. Caversham, Reading, Berkshire, UK: Peter Russek Publications. ISBN 1898780447. 
  • Russek, Peter (2006). Mercedes-Benz E-Class: W124 Series 1993–1995 / W210 Series 1995–2000 / 4- and 6-Cyl. Engines. Pocket Mechanic Vehicle Manual. Caversham, Reading, Berkshire, UK: Peter Russek Publications. ISBN 1898780978. 
  • Russek, Peter (2008). Mercedes-Benz E-class: Petrol W124 & W210 Workshop Manual 1993–2000. Cobham, Surrey, UK: Brooklands Books. ISBN 9781855207684. 
  • Mercedes W124 Owners Workshop Manual: 1985–1995. Cambridge, MA, USA: Bentley Publishers. 1998. ISBN 9780837612140. 
  • Mercedes Serie 124 ab Baujahr 1985 / 200 / 200 T / 230 E / 230 TE. Reparaturanleitung series, Band 906. (1st ed.). Zug, Switzerland: Verlag Bucheli. 2012. ISBN 9783716817377.  (German)
  • Mercedes Diesel Serie 124 ab Baujahr 1985 / 200 D / 250 D / 300 D. Reparaturanleitung series, Band 919. (1st ed.). Zug, Switzerland: Verlag Bucheli. 2012. ISBN 9783716817438.  (German)
  • Mercedes Serie W124 Vier- und Sechszylindermotoren Baujahre 1985 bis 1992. Reparaturanleitung series, Band 1211. (1st ed.). Zug, Switzerland: Verlag Bucheli. 2000. ISBN 3716819379.  (German)
  • Mercedes E-Klasse 1993 bis 1995 (Serie W124) 1995 bis 1997 (Serie W210). Reparaturanleitung series, Band 1224. (1st ed.). Zug, Switzerland: Verlag Bucheli. 2000. ISBN 3716819646.  (German)
  • Mercedes-Benz Technical Companion. Cambridge, MA, USA: Bentley Publishers. 2005. ISBN 9780837610337. 

External links[edit]