ICAR 36

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ICAR 36
Role 6-passenger airliner
National origin Germany & Romania
Manufacturer Interprindere Constructii Aeronautice Romane (ICAR)
Designer Willy Messerschmitt
First flight 1934
Introduction 1935
Primary user LARES
Number built 1

The ICAR 36 / ICAR Comercial (sic), variously also known as the ICAR M 36, Messerschmitt M 36 or BFW M.36 was a Messerschmitt design built and tested by the Romanian company ICAR in the mid-1930s. It was a small, single-engine high-wing airliner.

Development[edit]

In April 1933, Erhard Milch, previously head of Deutsche Luft Hansa was appointed Secretary of State for Air. Relations between him and Willy Messerschmitt had been bad ever since the cancellation and later re-ordering of the BFW M.20 by Luft Hansa, and the future of orders for BFW looked bleak. That summer, a visit was made to Romania where an order was placed by ICAR for the design of a small airliner, to be built by them in Romania. ICAR designated it the ICAR 36; Messerschmitt, working at BFW referred to it as the M 36.[1]

The ICAR 36 was a high-wing cantilever monoplane, the wing constructed with local pine and plywood-covered. The fuselage was metal framed and metal covered from the passenger cabin forward, canvas covered behind. The cabin held six passengers, with two crew forward. The main undercarriage was spatted, with long faired vertical struts to the underside of the wing.[1]

Power was provided by a 283 kW (380 hp) Armstrong Siddeley Serval radial engine rather than the Gnome-Rhône 9A Jupiter of the same power originally proposed.[1]

Operational history[edit]

Only one aircraft was built. From 1935, it operated with the Romanian airline LARES on several internal routes including the Bucharest to Cernauti run.[1]

Operators[edit]

 Romania

Specifications[edit]

Data from Smith 1971, p. 35

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Capacity: 6 passengers
  • Length: 9.82 m (32 ft 2½ in)
  • Wingspan: 15.40 m (50 ft 6¼ in)
  • Height: 3.50 m (11 ft 9½ in)
  • Empty weight: 1,350 kg (2,976 lb)
  • Gross weight: 2,250 kg (4,960 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Armstrong Siddeley Serval ten cylinder, double row radial, 283 kW (380 hp)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 240 km/h (150 mph)
  • Range: 700 km (435 miles)

References[edit]

Citations
  1. ^ a b c d Smith 1971, pp. 24–5
Cited sources
  • Smith, J Richard (1971). Messerschmitt an aircraft album. London: Ian Allan. ISBN 0-7110-0224-X.