Northwestern Otomi

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Northwestern Otomi
Native to México
Region Hidalgo, Querétaro, México
Native speakers
ca. 130,000  (1990 census)[1]
Oto-Manguean
Latin
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Either:
ote – Mezquital Otomi
otq – Querétaro Otomi
Glottolog nort3201[2]

Northwestern Otomi is a native American language of central Mexico.

Varieties[edit]

There are two varieties with limited (c. 78%) intelligibility, sometimes considered separate languages:

  • Mezquital Otomi (Otomí del Valle del Mezquital). The autonym is Hñahñu[3] It is spoken in the Mexican state of Hidalgo, especially in the Mezquital Valley, by 100,000 people. There are also some migrant worker expatriates in the United States in the states of Texas (270), Oklahoma (230), and North Carolina (100). A dictionary and grammar of the language have been published.
  • Querétaro Otomi. The autonym varies as Hñohño, Ñañhų, Hñąñho, Ñǫthǫ.[4] It is spoken by 33,000 in the Querétaro municipalities of Amealco (towns of San Ildefonso & Santiago Mexquititlán), Acambay, and Tolimán. There are also small numbers in Guanajuato.[and San Felipe los Alzatí, Michoacán?]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Mezquital Otomi at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    Querétaro Otomi at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Northwestern Otomi". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Lastra 2006 p. 57, Wright Carr 2005
  4. ^ Lastra 2006 p. 57

Cited works[edit]