Isthmus Zapotec

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Isthmus Zapotec
Juchitán Zapotec
Diidxazá
Pronunciation [dìdʒàˈzà]
Region Oaxaca, Mexico
Native speakers
85,000  (1990 census)[1]
Oto-Manguean
Latin
Language codes
ISO 639-3 zai
Glottolog isth1244[2]

Isthmus Zapotec, also known as Juchitán Zapotec (native name diidxazá;[3] Spanish: Zapoteco del Istmo), is a Zapotecan language spoken in Tehuantepec and Juchitán de Zaragoza, in the Mexican state of Oaxaca. It is only 18% intelligible with Petapa Zapotec, thought to be the most similar language.[1][dubious ][Lachiguiri is 68%]

Guevea de Humboldt Zapotec, a different language, is sometimes referred to as "Northern Isthmus Zapotec."[4]

Sounds[edit]

The sounds of Isthmus Zapotec are:

Consonants[edit]

Plosives
Voiceless
p /pʰ/
t /tʰ/
c1 /kʰ/
Voiced
b /b/
d /d/
g2 /g/
Fricatives and Affricates
Voiced
z /z/
dx /dʑ/
x /ʑ/
Voiceless
s /s/
ch /tɕ/
xh /ɕ/ (except before another consonant when it is written as x)
Nasals
m /m/
n /n~ɴ/
ñ /ɴʲ/
Sonorants
Plain
r /ɾ/
l /l/
y /j/
Emphasized
r /r/
l /ɮ/
  • 1When a /k/ sound occurs before "e" or "i", it is spelled "qu".
  • 2When a /g/ sound occurs before "e" or "i", it is spelled "gu". Also, the sound /gw/ is written "gü".
  • 3This sound "bŕ" occurs very rarely for a bilabial trill. It occurs in words like "berenbŕ".

Vowels[edit]

Plain
a
e
i
o
u
Laryngealized
aa
ee
ii
oo
uu
Checked by a glottal stop
a'
e'
i'
o'
u'

Syllable structure[edit]

Isthmus Zapotec has only open syllables (that is, they must end in a vowel).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Isthmus Zapotec at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Isthmus Zapotec". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Pickett et al. (2007)
  4. ^ Isthmus Zapotec at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  • Alfabeto Popular para La Escritura del Zapoteco del Istmo (in Spanish). 1956. 
  • Pickett, Velma B. (1988) [1959]. Vocabulario Zapoteco del Istmo (in Spanish). 
  • Marlett, Stephen A.; Pickett, Velma B. (1996). "El pronombre inaudible en el zapoteco del Istmo". In Fernández, Zarina Estrada; Esteva, Max Figueroa; Cruz, Gerardo López. III Encuentro de Lingüística en el Noroeste (in Spanish). Hermosillo, Sonora: Editorial Unison. pp. 119–150. 
  • Pickett, Velma B.; Black, Cheryl; Cerqueda, Vincente Marcial (2001) [1998]. Gramática Popular del Zapoteco del Istmo (in Spanish). 
  • Pickett, Velma B.; Villalobos Villalobos, María; Marlett, Stephen A. (2008). Stephen A. Marlett., ed. "Zapoteco del Istmo (Juchitán).". Ilustraciones fonéticas de lenguas amerindias (in Spanish) (Lima: SIL International y Universidad Ricardo Palma). 
  • Britton, A. Scott (2003). Zapotec-English/English-Zapotec (Isthmus) Concise Dictionary. ISBN 0-7818-1010-8. 
  • Pickett, Velma B. 1959. The grammatical hierarchy of Isthmus Zapotec. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Michigan.
  • Marlett, Stephen A. & Velma B. Pickett. 1996. El pronombre inaudible en el zapoteco del Istmo. In Zarina Estrada Fernández, Max Figueroa Esteva & Gerardo López Cruz (eds.) III Encuentro de Lingüística en el Noroeste, 119-150. Hermosillo, Sonora: Editorial Unison.
  • Marlett, Stephen A. 1987. The syllable structure and aspect morphology of Isthmus Zapotec. International Journal of American Linguistics 53: 398-422.
  • Sicoli, Mark A. 1999. A comparison of Spanish loanwords in two Zapotec languages: Contact-induced language change in Lachixío and Juchitán Zapotec. University of Pittsburgh, M.A. Thesis.

External links[edit]