Milly-la-Forêt

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Milly-la-Forêt
The town hall in Milly-la-Forêt
The town hall in Milly-la-Forêt
Coat of arms of Milly-la-Forêt
Coat of arms
Milly-la-Forêt is located in France
Milly-la-Forêt
Milly-la-Forêt
Coordinates: 48°24′18″N 2°28′04″E / 48.4050°N 2.4678°E / 48.4050; 2.4678Coordinates: 48°24′18″N 2°28′04″E / 48.4050°N 2.4678°E / 48.4050; 2.4678
Country France
Region Île-de-France
Department Essonne
Arrondissement Évry
Canton Milly-la-Forêt
Intercommunality Vallée de l'École
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) François Orcel (PR)
Area1 33.80 km2 (13.05 sq mi)
Population (2006)2 4,839
 • Density 140/km2 (370/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 91405 / 91490
Elevation 60–135 m (197–443 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Milly-la-Forêt is a commune in the Essonne department in Île-de-France in northern France.

Geology[edit]

The Forest of Fontainebleau in the western end of which Milly-la-Forêt lies, is composed of the Oligocene Fontainebleau sands, which are a marine deposit, laid down in an intertidal zone.

History[edit]

Milly-la-Forêt is the probable birthplace of Wulfram of Sens, Saint Wulfram; in about 640.

Origin of the name place[edit]

The first name of this domaine was called Maurillac in Gaul, Mauriliaco on a merovingien coin, became Maureliacum, Melliacum in 667, Milliacum in latin. The place name Milly is relatively current, it refers to an antic presence of a villa rustica possédée during the gallo-romaine era by a cetain Milius or Emilius. Hereby, the name was imported in 1080 by the knight Adam de Milly, originally from Milly-en-Beauvaisis and first lord of the place. But a charter dated from 651 mentionned already the name Melliacus. IN the 13th century more accuracy was added to the place, Miliacum in Gastineto in 1267, which gave the name Milly-en-Gâtinais without being official. Upon a request from the conseil municipal and by a statutory order from the 6th of February 1948, the name was replaced by Milly-la-Forêt, considered at that time as the most touristic place and to differenciate it to its homonym Milly en Normandie.

The village[edit]

The market hall

Milly contains several facilities: such as the Collège Jean Rostand, the Conservatoire des Deux Vallées, a gymnasium and sports ground complex, a multimedia library, a swimming pool, a bus station, dealers in craft products and so on. There is a market every Thursday in the very impressive late medieval market hall, built in 1479.

The yearly calendar includes attic-clearing sales; at the opening of the summer holiday period, the town celebrates la Saint-Pierre, a fair is organised and there are several fairground rides and other attractions, as well as cultural stands for the sale of specialist food and craft products.

Economy[edit]

Culture[edit]

Chapelle Saint-Blaise-des-Simples
  • Christian Dior and Jean Cocteau have made their homes here. Cocteau died in 1963.
    Towards the end of the 1950s Jean Cocteau decorated the chapelle Saint-Blaise, which dates from the twelfth century. His theme was those medicinal and culinary herbs on which the renown of Milly rests. He is now buried in the chapel.

Twin towns[edit]

Milly-la-Forêt is twinned with the German town of Morsbach, situated in the valley of the Sieg to the east of Cologne and with Forest Row in East Sussex, England.

Famous people from the commune[edit]

Many popular characters are born, died or lived in Milly-la-Forêt :

Dagobert Ier (v.602-638 ou 639), King of the Francs was sacred at Milly. Wulfram de Sens (647-703), archbishop of Sens and Saint was born there. Louis IX (1214-1270), King of France lived there Hugues II de Bouville (1240-1304), chamberlain of Philippe le Bel lord of Bouville. Hugues III de Bouville (1275-1331), chamberlain of Philippe le Bel who owned the castle. Olivier V de Clisson (1336-1407), owner of the castle of Milly. Charles VI (1368-1422), king of France lived there. Louis XI (1423-1483), king of France lived there. Louis Malet de Graville (v. 1438-1516), admiral of France rebuilt the city in the 15th century. Henri IV (1553-1610), king of France lived there. Henri de Montmorency-Bouteville (1597-1616), vice-admiral of France and he was lord there. Jacques Nicolas Bellavène (1770-1826), General of division he did there. Antoine VII de Gramont115 (1722-1801), Pair of France lived there. Napoléon Bonaparte (1769-1821), Emperor of French lived there. Jean Cocteau (1889-1963), poet and graphist he lived and died there. Christian Dior (1905-1957), dressmaker, he lived there. Jean Marais (1913-1998), actor he lived there. Jean Tinguely (1925-1991), artist worked there. Clotilde Joano (1932-1974), actress lived and died there. Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clézio (1940- ), writer and awarded from the Nobel price of literature, lived there.

References[edit]

  • The French Wikipedia article
  • Dercourt, J. Géologie et Géodynamique de la France Outre-mer et Européenne 3rd edition (2002) ISBN 2-10-006459-2
  • Anon Carte géologique de la France à l'échelle du millionème 6th edition (2003) ISBN 2-7159-2158-6

External links[edit]

All these links are in French (except for the second link which offers English, Spanish, German and French).