Forest Row

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Forest Row
Forest Row centre.jpg
The centre of Forest Row
Area  32.5 km2 (12.5 sq mi) [1]
Population 5,054 (2007)[1]
   – density  402/sq mi (155/km2)
OS grid reference TQ427348
   – London  29 miles (47 km) NNW 
District Wealden
Shire county East Sussex
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town FOREST ROW
Postcode district RH18
Dialling code 01342
Police Sussex
Fire East Sussex
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Wealden
Website http://forestrow.gov.uk/
List of places
UK
England
East Sussex

Coordinates: 51°5′53.5″N 0°2′0.3″E / 51.098194°N 0.033417°E / 51.098194; 0.033417 Forest Row is a village and relatively large civil parish[2] in the Wealden District of East Sussex, England. The village is located three miles (5 km) south-east of East Grinstead.

History[edit]

The village draws its name from its proximity to the Ashdown Forest, a royal hunting park first enclosed in the 13th century. From its origins as a small hamlet, Forest Row has grown, first with the establishment of a turnpike road in the 18th century; and later with the opening of the railway between East Grinstead and Tunbridge Wells in 1866; the line, which included an intermediate station at Forest Row, closed in 1967 as a result of the programme of closures put forward by East Grinstead resident and British Railways Board Chairman Richard Beeching.

The village inn (now known as The Swan, owned by Mountain Range Restaurants which you can see on the right hand side of the picture, originally the Yew Tree), part medieval, was a centre of smuggling in the 18th century.[3]

Brambletye House (known locally as Brambletye Castle) was built by Sir Henry Compton in 1631. This building features in the 1826 Horace Smith novel Brambletye House.

A mail coach robbery occurred at the bottom of Wall Hill on 27 June 1801. John Beatson and his adopted son William Whalley Beatson hid in a meadow at the foot of Wall Hill, by the entrance to an old Roman road. The mail coach made its way up Wall Hill, where it was stopped by them just after midnight. The Beatsons took between £4,000 and £5,000. Judge Baron Hotham sentenced the two men to death by hanging at the trial on 29 March 1802. Gallows were erected on the spot where the robbery took place, on 17 April 1802. Beatson and his adopted son were hanged in the presence of 3,000 people.[citation needed]

John F. Kennedy, the 35th President of the United States, came to Forest Row in June 1963 during his visit to the UK,[4] attending a service at the Our Lady of the Forest church. At the time he was engaged in a series of discussions with the Prime Minister Harold Macmillan at his home in nearby Birch Grove.[4] There is a plaque commemorating the visit on Freshfield Hall. This has added poignancy as it was placed there in 1964.

Forest Row became a Transition Village in 2007 with the official unleashing in March 2008 at the Village Hall.

Geography[edit]

The civil parish of Forest Row is in the north-west corner of East Sussex, and borders West Sussex, Kent and Surrey. Ashdown Forest surrounds the village on three sides, and the upper reaches of the River Medway flow through the parish. The centre of the village lies at the intersection of the A22 road, the erstwhile turnpike, and the B2110 to Hartfield and Tunbridge Wells and there is a wide range of shops and businesses to serve the surrounding area.

Weir Wood Reservoir is a Site of Special Scientific Interest within the parish. It is also one of the largest areas of open water in the county and hosts a wide variety of resident and migrating birds.[5]

The hotels in the village are The Brambletye Hotel, The Chequers and The Foresters Arms. In the 2006 radiation scare surrounding KGB agent Alexander Litvinenko the Ashdown Park Hotel and Country Club were closed for 6 hours and the nearby Roebuck hotel was used as an evacuation point for arriving guests.[6] Italian security expert Mario Scaramella may have stayed there but tests showed no evidence of "radiation toxicity".

The village architecture is a mixture of traditional and modern. As well as many older cottages in the classic Sussex style there is a variety of more modern development, which generally blends in well. Gage Ridge and Michael Fields, with their copper-roofed houses are examples of the latter.

In addition to the businesses in the village centre, there is also an industrial estate.

Religion[edit]

The Church of England eccesiastical parish combines two churches: Holy Trinity, Forest Row, and St Dunstan's Ashurst Wood.[7] There are also other denominational churches: The Christian Community Forest Row;[8] Our Lady of the Forest (Roman Catholic); a Baptist chapel; Providence church; and the cemetery chapel.

Education[edit]

State education is provided at Forest Row CE Primary School.[9] Greenfields School, which caters for children of all ages, is an independent school in the village which gives its students the opportunity to follow the teachings of L. Ron Hubbard, amongst other things.[10] Institutions associated with the Anthroposophical movement of Rudolf Steiner are located in or near the village, notably Michael Hall - A Steiner Waldorf School offering education to children from kindergarten up to age 18 and Emerson College.

Leisure and culture[edit]

  • The village hall, at the centre of the village, is quite distinctive in its style. It has an almost Germanic and British look to it. The hall was a gift for the people of Forest Row by the Alpine mountaineer Douglas Freshfield and his mother in memory of his son Henry Douglas Freshfield who died aged fourteen in 1891. The first Freshfield Hall was very short-lived, for it was burnt down on 14 February 1895, the day after the funeral of Henry Freshfield. Douglas Freshfield and his mother wasted no time in having it rebuilt and it reopened on 17 November 1895. At the reopening Freshfield expressed the wishes of his mother and himself when he hoped the hall would be used by all classes of parishioners, and that it would keep alive the memory of its original founder.[11]
  • The Forest Way, on the trackbed of the disused railway line, passes through the village from East Grinstead and continues eastwards as far as Groombridge, a total distance of 10 miles (14.5 km). Either side of the village the footpath is fairly level and is used primarily by pedestrians. Cyclists and horse riders can use the track, but must give pedestrians priority.[12]
  • Forest Row provides many opportunities for leisure activities. In the performing arts there are: Forest Players, an amateur dramatic society;[13] Ashdown Pantomimers;[14] the Forest Row Film Society; The Binkell-Bing Magic Club; and the Jupiter Chamber Orchestra.[15] In sport there are football clubs;[16] the Cricket Club; Anderida Golfers; Weir Wood Sailing Club; and the One Planker Club;[17] which organises Snowboarding and Monoskiing trips to the Alps each winter. Two other groups are the Ashdown Forest Conservators and the Forest Row Modelling Club.
  • The Royal Ashdown Forest Golf Club was established in 1889: there are two courses.
  • The Scapegoat Society is a psychologically-based group.[18] The village also has practising alternative therapists and two bio-dynamic organic farms. Yoga classes are available in the village.

Literary connections[edit]

  • The Brambletye Inn was frequented by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle and features in the Adventure of Black Peter in which Sherlock Holmes and Dr Watson stay at the hotel in Forest Row whilst they investigate the murder of a retired sea captain.
  • The film adaptation of John Fowles's novel The Collector directed by William Wyler in 1965, contains locations (at the close of the film) shot in Forest Row.

Notable people[edit]

There have been a few notable residents of Forest Row in the past and present. These include Ben Elton, the comedian and novelist, David Gilmour from the band Pink Floyd, Violet Needham, author, Richard Jones, bass player and background singer in the Feeling, Jonael Schickler, a Swiss Philosopher and Sean Yates, professional cyclist. The singer Engelbert Humperdinck had a holiday cottage in the village during the 1980s. Ed Sanders, who played the part of Toby in Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street is from Forest Row.[19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "East Sussex in Figures". East Sussex County Council. Retrieved 2008-04-26. 
  2. ^ Forest Row Parish Council website
  3. ^ Village Centre Walk
  4. ^ a b Scott, Brad. "The JFK Memoral". Forest Row Village Hall. p. 1. Retrieved 2009-06-28. 
  5. ^ "Natural England - SSSI". English Nature. Retrieved 2008-10-05. 
  6. ^ BBC News Hotel in radiation alert reopens
  7. ^ Forest Row and Ashurst Wood parish churches
  8. ^ The Christian Community Forest Row
  9. ^ Forest Row CE Primary School
  10. ^ Greenfields School
  11. ^ Forest Row Village Hall History
  12. ^ "Forest Way Country Park". East Sussex County Council. 2007-12-17. Retrieved 2008-01-12. 
  13. ^ Forest Players
  14. ^ Ashdown Pantomimers
  15. ^ Jupiter Chamber Orchestra
  16. ^ Forest Row Junior Football Club
  17. ^ Forest Row One Planker Club
  18. ^ The Scapegoat Society
  19. ^ Thompson, Jessica (24 January 2008). "Big Screen Start Back At School". East Grinstead Courier. Retrieved 2008-01-31. [dead link]

External links[edit]

  • Forest Row Parish Council - Contact details of councillors, meetings calendar (DOC Format) surgery dates and newsletters. Includes community centre information.