|Birth name||Milton Brent Buckner|
|Born||10 July 1915|
|Origin||St. Louis, Missouri, United States|
|Died||27 July 1977
Chicago, Illinois, United States
|Instruments||Piano, Hammond B3 organ|
|Associated acts||Cab Calloway, Lionel Hampton|
Milton Brent "Milt" Buckner (10 July 1915 – 27 July 1977) was an American jazz pianist and organist, who in the early 1950s popularized the Hammond organ. He pioneered the parallel chords style that influenced Red Garland, George Shearing, Bill Evans, and Oscar Peterson. Buckner's brother, Ted Buckner, was a jazz saxophonist.
Early life and career
Milton Brent Buckner was born in St. Louis, Missouri. His parents encouraged him to learn to play piano, but they both died when he was nine years old. Milt and his younger brother were sent to Detroit where they were adopted by members of the Earl Walton band: trombonist John Tobias, drummer George Robinson (Milt) and reedplayer Fred Kewley (Ted). Buckner studied piano for three years from the age 10, then at 15 began writing arrangements for the band, he and his brother going on to become active in the Detroit jazz world in the 1930s.
Buckner first played in Detroit with the McKinney Cotton Pickers and then with Cab Calloway. In 1941 he joined Lionel Hampton's big band, and for the next seven years served as its pianist and staff arranger. He led a short-lived big band of his own for two years, but then returned to Hampton's in 1950. In 1952 he formed his own trio, pioneered the use of the electric Hammond organ. He often played in Europe in the late 1960s. His last studio session took place in Paris on 4 July 1977.
Buckner died in Chicago, Illinois, at the age of 62.
- Vibe Boogie (with Lionel Hampton, 1945)
- Chord a Rebop (idem, 1946)
- Rockin' with Milt (1954)
- Rockin' Hammond (1956)
- Count Basement (1956)
- "Send Me Softly" (1957)
- Mighty High (Argo, 1959)
- Please Mr. Organ Player (1960)
- Midnight Mood (1962)
- Play Chords (1966)
- More Chords (1969)
- Rockin' Again (1972)
- Green Onions (with Roy Gaines on guitar, 1975)
With Illinois Jacquet
- Go Power! (Cadet, 1966)
- The King! (Prestige, 1968)
- The Soul Explosion (Prestige, 1969)
- Illinois Jacquet with Milt and Jo (1974)
- Arwulf Arwulf, Milt Buckner biography, All Music.
- Feather, Leonard, & Ira Gitler (2007). The Biographical Encyclopedia of Jazz. Oxford University Press.
- Lars Bjorn with Jim Gallert, Before Motown: A History of Jazz in Detroit, 1920-60, University of Michigan Press, 2001, p. 24-25.