Ministry of Defence (Spain)

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Ministry of Defence
Ministerio de Defensa
Ministerio de Defensa.svg
Ministerio de Defensa de España (Madrid) 02.jpg
Ministry headquarters
Agency overview
Formed 1977
Type Ministry
Jurisdiction Government of Spain
Headquarters Paseo de la Castellana, 109
28071 Madrid
40°27′21″N 3°41′27″W / 40.45587°N 3.69077°W / 40.45587; -3.69077Coordinates: 40°27′21″N 3°41′27″W / 40.45587°N 3.69077°W / 40.45587; -3.69077
Minister responsible Pedro Morenés
Website www.defensa.gob.es

The Ministry of Defence (Spanish: Ministerio de Defensa de España,MdD) is the Spanish government department responsible for implementation of government defence policy. It is the administrative and executive body of the Spanish Armed Forces.

Functions[edit]

According to the Spanish Constitution of 1978, the King is the Commander in Chief of the Spanish military. He can declare war or conclude peace without authorization of the Parliament, provided this act is countersigned by the Prime Minister.

The Defense Department determines and oversees:

  • The policies of defense.
  • Military alliances.
  • The conduction of war.
  • The expenses and budget of the military.

History[edit]

From 1808 to 1834 the equivalent department was the "Secretariat of the Office of War." From 1 January 1834 until 1939, its name was the "Ministry of War." Between 1863 and 1899, the ministry worked in cooperation with the Ministry of Overseas, which was in charge of the administration of the colonies.

The current Defence Department was one of the first ministerial portfolios created during the Transición. Until 4 July 1977, during the regime of General Franco, there were three ministerial portfolios, one for each of the different branches of the Armed Forces: the army, navy, and air force. During the Transición, Adolfo Suárez combined them into one.

Organization and mission[edit]

The Department is organized as follows:

  • Secretariat of Estate of Defence
  • General Secretariat of Defence Policy
  • Deputy Secretariat of Defence

This department has worked to consolidate the current democracy.

The ministers pursue four main goals:

  • To consolidate the supremacy of the civil power over the military one.
  • To integrate the different armies in international structures of defense, especially NATO.
  • To complete the reform of the military profession and the official's reduction.
  • To modernize military equipment.

Some of the challenges faced by this department have been:

  • The integration of Spanish military in organizations like NATO.
  • The participation of Spain in United Nations missions of peace.
  • The reform of the military structures.

List of Ministers of Defence of Spain[edit]

Period Took office Left office Name Party
Reign
of
Charles IV

(1788-1808)
25 November 1807 19 March 1808 Antonio Olaguer Feliú (7)
Reign
of
Ferdinand VII

(1808)
19 March 1808 5 April 1808 Antonio Olaguer Feliú (7)
5 April 1808 7 July 1808 Gonzalo O'Farrill y Herrera (7)
Reign
of
Joseph I

(1808-1813)
7 July 1808 27 June 1813 Gonzalo O'Farrill y Herrera (6)
Junta Suprema Central
(1808-1812)
15 October 1808 31 January 1810 Antonio Cornel Ferraz Doz y Ferraz (7) Military
31 January 1810 20 May 1810 Francisco de Eguía (7) Military
20 May 1810 9 October 1810 Eusebio Bardají Azara (7) Interim.
9 October 1810 6 February 1812 José Heredia (7)
6 February 1812 23 June 1812 José María Carvajal (7) Interim.
23 June 1812 30 May 1813 Francisco Javier Abadía (7)
30 May 1813 14 January 1814 Juan O'Donojú (7) Interim.
14 January 1814 4 May 1814 Tomás Moreno Daoíz (7) Interim
Reign
of
Ferdinand VII

(1814-1833)
4 May 1814 29 May 1814 Manuel Alberto Freire de Andrade y Armijo (7)
29 May 1814 25 March 1815 Francisco de Eguía (7) Military
25 March 1815 23 October 1815 Francisco López Ballesteros (7)
23 October 1815 19 June 1817 Francisco Bernaldo de Quirós y Mariño de Lobera (7) Interim.
19 June 1817 13 June de 1819 Francisco de Eguía (7) Military
13 June 1819 18 March 1820 José Alós Mora (7) Interim.
18 March 1820 18 August 1820 Pedro Agustín Girón (6) Military
18 August 1820 23 September 1820 Juan Jabat (6)
23 September 1820 4 March 1821 Cayetano Valdés (6)
4 March 1821 23 August 1821 Tomás Moreno Daoíz (6)
23 August 1821 4 September 1821 Diego Contador (6)
4 September 1821 9 September 1821 Ignacio Balanzat de Orvay y Briones (6)
9 September 1821 8 January 1822 Estanislao Sánchez Salvador (6)
9 January 1822 24 January 1822 José Castellar (6) Interim
24 January 1822 28 February 1822 José Cienfuegos Jovellanos (6)
28 February 1822 6 July 1822 Ignacio Balanzat de Orvay y Briones (6)
10 July 1822 29 April 1823 Miguel López-Baños (6)
29 April 1823 2 June 1823 Pedro de la Bárcena (6) Interim
2 June 1823 18 June 1823 Estanislao Sánchez Salvador (6) Interim
21 June 1823 30 September 1823 Manuel de la Puente (6)
30 September 1823 2 December 1823 José San Juan (6)
2 December 1823 26 August 1824 José de la Cruz (7)
26 August 1824 13 June 1825 José Aimerich (7) Interim
13 June 1825 27 June 1825 Luis María Salazar (7) Interim
27 June 1825 1 October 1832 Miguel Ibarrola González (7)
1 October 1832 14 December 1832 Juan Antonio Monet (7)
14 December 1832 29 November 1833 José de la Cruz (7)
Regency
of
Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies

(1833-1840)
29 November 1833 2 November 1834 Antonio Remón Zarco del Valle y Huet (6) Military
2 November 1834 17 February 1835 Manuel Llauder (6)
17 February 1835 13 June 1835 Gerónimo Valdés (6)
13 June 1835 28 August 1835 Pedro Agustín Girón (6) Military
18 August 1835 14 September 1835 Prudencio de Guadalfajara (6) Interim
14 September 1835 27 September 1835 Mariano Quirós (6) Interim
27 September 1835 27 April 1836 Ildefonso Díez de Rivera
27 April 1836 15 May 1836 José Ramón Rodil y Campillo (6)
15 May 1836 8 June 1836 Antonio Seoane (6)
8 June 1836 14 August 1836 Santiago Méndez Vigo (6)
20 August 1836 26 de noveimbre de 1836 José Ramón Rodil y Campillo (6)
26 November 1836 27 February 1837 Javier Rodríguez Vera (6) Interim.
27 February 1837 29 July 1837 Ildefonso Díez de Rivera (6)
29 July 1837 30 August 1837 Baldomero Espartero (6)
30 August 1837 1 October 1837 Evaristo Fernández de San Miguel (6) Military
1 October 1837 4 October 1837 Ignacio Balanzat de Orvay y Briones (6)
4 October 1837 8 December 1837 Francisco Ramonet (6)
8 December1837 16 December 1837 Jacobo María Espinosa (6) Interim
16 December 1837 17 January 1837 Baldomero Espartero (6) Military
17 January 1837 19 March 1837 José Carratalá (6)
19 March 1837 16 September 1838 Manuel Latre (6)
16 September 1838 30 October 1839 Isidro Alaix (6) Military
30 October 1839 8 April 1840 Francisco de Narváez (6) Interim
8 April 1839 14 April 1840 Fernando de Norzagaray (6) Interim
14 April 1840 19 July 1840 Serafín María de Sotto (6) Military
20 July 1840 28 August 1840 Valentín Ferraz (6)
28 August 1840 11 September 1840 Francisco Javier Azpiroz (6)
11 September 1840 16 September 1840 Facundo Infante (6)
Regency
of
Baldomero Espartero

(1840-1843)
16 September 1840 20 May 1841 Pedro Chacón y Chacón (6)
20 May 1841 17 June 1842 Evaristo Fernández de San Miguel (6) Military
17 June 1842 9 May 1843 José Ramón Rodil y Campillo (6) Military
9 May 1843 19 May 1843 Francisco Serrano y Domínguez (6) Military
19 May 1843 24 May 1843 Isidoro de Hoyos (6)
24 May 1843 30 July 1843 Agustín Nogueras (6) Interim
Reign
of
Isabella II

(1843-1868)
30 July 1843 1 December 1843 Francisco Serrano y Domínguez (6) Military
5 December 1843 3 May 1844 Manuel Mazarredo (6)
3 May 1844 12 February 1846 Ramón María Narváez (6) Military
12 February 1846 16 March 1846 Federico Roncali (6) Military
16 March 1846 5 April 1846 Ramón María Narváez (6) Military
5 April 1846 12 April 1846 Francisco Armero Peñaranda (6) Interim
12 April 1846 28 January 1847 José Laureano Sanz (6)
28 January 1847 15 February 1847 Manuel Pavía (6) Military
15 February 1847 28 March 1847 Marcelino Oráa (6) Military
28 March 1847 31 August 1847 Manuel Mazarredo (6) Military
31 August 1847 3 November 1847 Fernando Fernández de Cordova (6) Military
3 November 1847 24 December 1847 Ramón María Narváez (6) Military
24 December 1847 19 October 1849 Francisco de Paula Figueras (6)
19 October 1849 20 October 1849 Serafín María de Sotto (6) Military
20 October 1849 14 January 1851 Francisco de Paula Figueras (6)
14 January 1851 6 February 1851 Rafael Aristégui y Vélez (6)
6 February 1851 16 January 1852 Francisco Lersundi Hormaechea (6) Military
16 January 1852 13 June 1852 Joaquín Ezpeleta Enrile (6)
13 June 1852 27 November 1852 Juan de Lara (6) Military
27 November 1852 14 December 1852 Cayetano de Urbina (6) Military
14 December 1852 14 April 1853 Juan de Lara (6) Military
14 April 1853 19 September 1853 Francisco Lersundi Hormaechea (6) Military
19 September 1853 18 July 1854 Anselmo Blaser (6)
18 July 1854 30 July 1854 Fernando Fernández de Cordova (6) Military
12 October 1856 16 December 1856 Juan Antonio de Urbiztondo (6)
16 December 1856 15 October 1857 Francisco de Paula Figueras (6)
15 October 1857 14 January 1858 Francisco Armero Peñaranda (6)
14 January 1858 30 June 1858 Fermín de Ezpeleta (6)
30 June 1858 2 March 1863 Leopoldo O'Donnell (6) Military
2 March 1863 17 January 1864 José Gutiérrez de la Concha (6) Military
17 January 1864 1 March 1864 Francisco Lersundi Hormaechea (6) Military
1 March 1864 16 September 1864 José María Marchessi y Oleaga (6) Military
16 September 1864 30 March 1865 Fernando Fernández de Cordova (6) Military
30 March 1865 21 June 1865 Felipe Rivero Lemoyne (6)
21 June 1865 10 July 1866 Leopoldo O'Donnell (6) Military
10 July 1866 23 April 1868 Ramón María Narváez (6) Military
23 April 1868 19 September 1868 Rafael Mayalde (6)
19 September 1868 30 September 1868 José Gutiérrez de la Concha (6) Military
Sexenio Democrático
(1868-1871)
8 October 1868 27 December 1870 Juan Prim (6) Military
27 December 1870 4 January 1871 Juan Bautista Topete (6) Interim
Reign
of
Amadeo I

(1871-1873)
4 January 1871 24 July 1871 Francisco Serrano y Domínguez (6) Interim.
24 July 1871 5 October 1871 Fernando Fernández de Cordova (6) Interim.
5 October 1871 21 December 1871 Joaquín Bassols (6)
21 December 1871 20 February 1872 Eugenio Gaminde (6)
20 February 1872 8 April 1872 Antonio del Rey y Caballero (6)
8 April 1872 26 May 1872 Juan de Zavala y de la Puente (6) Military
26 May 1872 13 June 1872 Francisco Serrano y Domínguez (6) Military
13 June 1872 12 February 1873 Fernando Fernández de Cordova (6) Military
First Spanish Republic
(1873-1874)
12 February 1873 24 February 1873 Fernando Fernández de Cordova (6) Military
24 February 1873 30 April 1873 Juan Acosta Muñoz (6)
30 April 1873 7 June 1873 Ramón Nouvilas (6) Military
11 June 1873 28 June 1873 Nicolás Estévanez Murphy (6) Military
28 June 1873 4 September 1873 Eulogio González Íscar (6)
9 September 1873 3 January 1874 José Sánchez Bregua (6) Military
3 January 1874 3 September 1874 Juan de Zavala y de la Puente (6) Military
3 September 1874 31 December 1874 Francisco Serrano Bedoya (6) Military
Reign of
Alfonso XII
(1874-1885)
31 December 1874 21 December 1875 Joaquín Jovellar Soler (6) Military
21 December 1875 7 March 1879 Francisco de Ceballos y Vargas (6) Military
7 March 1879 9 December 1879 Arsenio Martínez-Campos Antón (6) Military
9 December 1879 8 February 1881 José Ignacio de Echavarría (6) Military
8 February 1881 13 October 1883 Arsenio Martínez-Campos Antón (6) Military
13 October 1883 18 January 1884 José López Domínguez (6) Military
18 January 1884 27 November 1885 Genaro de Quesada y Matheus (6) Military
Regency
of
Maria Christina of Austria

(1885-1902)
27 November 1885 10 October 1886 Joaquín Montes Jovellar (6) Military
10 October 1886 8 March 1887 Ignacio María del Castillo (6) Military
8 March 1887 14 June 1888 Manuel Cassola (6) Military
14 June 1888 11 December 1888 Tomás O,Ryan (6) Military
11 December 1888 21 January 1890 José Chinchilla Military
21 January 1890 5 July 1890 Eduardo Bermúdez Reina (6) Military
5 July 1890 11 December 1892 Marcelo Azcárraga Palmero (6) Military
11 December 1892 23 March 1895 Joaquín López Domínguez (6) Military
23 March 1895 4 October 1897 Marcelo Azcárraga Palmero (6) Military
4 October 1897 4 March 1899 Miguel Correa y García (6) Interim.
4 March 1899 2 October 1899 Camilo García de Polavieja (6) Military
2 October 1899 18 October 1900 Marcelo Azcárraga Palmero (6) Military
18 October 1900 6 March 1901 Arsenio Linares Pombo (6) Military
6 March 1901 17 May 1902 Valeriano Weyler (6) Military
Reign of
Alfonso XIII
(1902-1931)
17 May 1902 6 December 1902 Valeriano Weyler (6) Military
6 December 1902 20 July 1903 Arsenio Linares Pombo (6) Military
20 July 1903 5 December 1903 Vicente Martitegui (6) Military
5 December 1903 16 December 1904 Arsenio Linares Pombo (6) Military
16 December 1904 27 January 1905 Cesar del Villar y Villate (6) Military
27 January 1905 23 June 1905 Vicente Martitegui (6) Military
23 June 1905 1 December 1905 Valeriano Weyler (6) Military
1 December 1905 6 July 1906 Agustín de Luque y Coca (6) Military
6 July 1906 15 October 1906 Joaquín López Domínguez (6) Military
15 October 1906 4 December 1906 Agustín de Luque y Coca (6) Military
4 December 1906 25 January 1907 Valeriano Weyler (6) Military
25 January 1907 3 July 1907 Francisco de Paula Loño y Pérez (6) Military
3 July 1907 1 March 1909 Fernando Primo de Rivera (6) Military
1 March 1909 21 October 1909 Arsenio Linares Pombo (6) Military
21 October 1909 9 February 1910 Agustín de Luque y Coca (6) Military
9 February 1910 3 April 1911 Ángel Aznar y Butigieg (6) Military
3 April 1911 27 October 1913 Agustín de Luque y Coca (6) Military
27 October 1913 9 December 1915 Ramón Echagüe y Méndez Vigo (6) Military
9 December 1915 19 April 1917 Agustín de Luque y Coca (6) Military
19 April 1917 11 June 1917 Francisco Aguilera y Egea (6) Military
11 June 1917 18 October 1917 Fernando Primo de Rivera (6) Military
18 October 1917 3 November 1917 José Marina Vega (6) Military
3 November 1917 22 March 1918 Juan de la Cierva y Peñafiel (6)
22 March 1918 9 November 1918 José Marina Vega (6) Military
9 November 1918 27 January 1919 Dámaso Berenguer (6) Military
27 January 1919 15 April 1919 Diego Muñoz Cobo (6) Military
15 April 1919 20 July 1919 Luis de Santiago (6) Military
20 July 1919 12 December 1919 Antonio Tovar (6) Military
15 December 1919 5 May 1920 José Villalba Riquelme (6) Military
5 May 1920 14 August 1921 Luis de Marichalar y Monreal (6)
14 August 1921 8 March 1922 Juan de la Cierva y Peñafiel (6)
8 March 1922 15 July 1922 José Olaguer-Feliú (6) Military
15 July 1922 7 December 1922 José Sánchez Guerra (6) . Interim
7 December 1922 26 May 1923 Niceto Alcalá-Zamora (6)
26 May 1923 15 September 1923 Antonio López Muñoz (6)
Dictatorship
of
Miguel Primo de Rivera
15 September 1923 4 July 1924 Luis Bermúdez de Castro (6) Military
4 July 1924 3 November 1928 Juan O'Donnell (6) Military
3 November 1928 30 January 1930 Julio Ardanaz (3) Military
30 January 1930 14 April 1931 Dámaso Berenguer (3) Military
Second Spanish Republic
(1931–1939)
14 April 1931 12 September 1933 Manuel Azaña Díaz (6) IR
14 April 1931 14 October 1931 Santiago Casares Quiroga (4) ORGA
14 October 1931 12 June 1933 José Giral Pereira (4) IR
12 June 1933 12 September 1933 Lluís Companys Jover (4) ERC
12 September 1933 8 October 1933 Juan José Rocha García (6) Radical
12 September 1933 8 October 1933 Vicente Iranzo Enguita (4) ASR
8 October 1933 16 December 1933 Vicente Iranzo Enguita (6) ASR
8 October 1933 16 December 1933 Leandro Pita Romero (4) Radical
16 December 1933 23 January 1934 Diego Martínez Barrio (6) Radical
16 December 1933 23 January 1935 Juan José Rocha García (4) Radical
23 January 1934 16 November 1934 Diego Hidalgo Durán (6) Radical
16 November 1934 3 April 1935 Alejandro Lerroux García (6) Radical
23 January 1935 3 April 1935 Gerardo Abad Conde (4) Radical
3 April 1935 6 May 1935 Carlos Masquelet Lacaci (6) Military Military
3 April 1935 6 May 1935 Francisco Salas González (4) Military
6 May 1935 14 December 1935 José María Gil-Robles (6) CEDA
6 May 1935 25 September 1935 Antonio Royo Villanova (4) Agrario
25 September 1935 14 December 1935 Pedro Rahola Molinas (4) Lliga
14 December 1935 19 February 1936 Nicolás Moreno Lobo (6)
14 December 1935 30 December 1935 Francisco Salas González (4) Military
30 December 1935 19 February 1936 Antonio Azarola y Gresillón (4) Military (Navy)
19 February 1936 13 May 1936 Carlos Masquelet Lacaci (6) Military Military
19 February 1936 22 August 1936 José Giral y Pereira (4)
13 May 1936 19 July 1936 Santiago Casares Quiroga (6)
19 July 1936 19 July 1936 José Miaja Menant (6) Military Military
19 July 1936 6 August 1936 Luis Castelló Pantoja (6) Military
6 August 1936 4 September 1936 Juan Hernández Sarabia (6) Military
22 August 1936 4 September 1936 Francisco Maíz Sánchez (4)
4 September 1936 17 May 1937 Francisco Largo Caballero (6) PSOE
4 September 1936 17 May 1937 Indalecio Prieto Tuero (7) PSOE
17 May 1937 5 April 1938 Indalecio Prieto Tuero (2) PSOE
5 April 1938 31 March 1939 Juan Negrín López (2) PSOE
5 March 1939 31 March 1939 Segismundo Casado López (1) Military Military
Dictatorship of Francisco Franco
(1936–1975)
31 January 1938 9 August 1939 Fidel Dávila Arrondo (2) Military
9 August 1939 3 September 1942 José Enrique Varela Iglesias (3) Military
9 August 1939 20 July 1945 Salvador Moreno Fernández (4) Military
9 August 1939 27 June 1940 Juan Yagüe Blanco (5) Military
3 September 1942 20 July 1945 Carlos Asensio Cabanillas (3) Military
27 June 1940 20 July 1945 Juan Vigón Suerodíaz (5) Military
20 July 1945 19 July 1951 Fidel Dávila Arrondo (3) Military
20 July 1945 19 July 1951 Francisco Regalado Rodríguez (4) Military
20 July 1945 25 February 1957 Eduardo González-Gallarza (5) Military
19 July 1951 25 February 1957 Agustín Muñoz Grandes (3) Military
19 July 1951 25 February 1957 Salvador Moreno Fernández (4) Military
25 February 1957 10 July 1962 Antonio Barroso y Sánchez-Guerra (3) Military
25 February 1957 10 July 1962 Felipe José Abárzuza y Oliva (4) Military
25 February 1957 10 July 1962 José Rodríguez Díaz de Lecea (5) Military
10 July 1962 11 February 1964 Pablo Martín Alonso (3) Military
10 July 1962 29 October 1969 Pedro Nieto Antúnez (4) Military
10 July 1962 29 October 1969 José Daniel Lacalle Larraga (5) Military
20 February 1964 29 October 1969 Camilo Menéndez Tolosa (3) Military
20 October 1969 11 June 1973 Juan Castañón de Mena (3) Military
20 October 1969 11 June 1973 Adolfo Baturone Colombo (4) Military
20 October 1969 3 January 1974 Julio Salvador y Díaz-Benjumea (5) Military
11 June 1973 11 July 1975 Francisco Coloma Gallegos (3) Military
11 June 1973 14 April 1977 Gabriel Pita da Veiga y Sanz (4) Military
3 January 1974 11 December 1975 Mariano Cuadra Medina (5) Military
Reign of
Juan Carlos I
(desde 1975)
11 December 1975 4 July 1977 Félix Álvarez-Arenas y Pacheco (3) Military
11 December 1975 4 July 1977 Carlos Franco Iribarnegaray (5) Military
14 April 1977 4 July 1977 Pascual Pery Junquera (4) Military
4 July 1977 6 April 1979 Manuel Gutiérrez Mellado (1) Military Military
5 July 1977 26 February 1981 Agustín Rodríguez Sahagún (1) UCD
26 February 1981 3 December 1982 Alberto Oliart Saussol (1) UCD
3 December 1982 12 March 1991 Narcís Serra i Serra (1) PSOE
12 March 1991 3 July 1995 Julián García Vargas (1) PSOE
3 July 1995 5 May 1996 Gustavo Suárez Pertierra (1) PSOE
5 May 1996 27 April 2000 Eduardo Serra Rexach (1) Independent
28 April 2000 18 April 2004 Federico Trillo-Figueroa (1) PP
18 April 2004 7 April 2006 José Bono Martínez (1) PSOE
7 April 2006 14 April 2008 José Antonio Alonso Suárez (1) PSOE
14 April 2008 20 May 2008 Carme Chacón Piqueras (1) PSOE
20 May 2008 30 June 2008 Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba (Interim) (1) PSOE
30 June 2008 22 December 2011 Carme Chacón Piqueras (1) PSOE
22 December 2011 Incumbent Pedro Morenés Eulate (1) PP

(1) Minister of Defence
(2) Minister of National Defence
(3) Minister of the Army
(4) Minister of the Navy
(5) Minister of the Air Forces
(6) Minister of War
(7) Royal Secretary of War

External links[edit]