Government of Spain
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politics and government of
Spain is a constitutional monarchy whose government is defined by the Constitution of Spain. This was approved by a general referendum of the people of Spain in 1978. The final interpretation of the Constitution, in the case of dispute, is the business of the Constitutional Court of Spain
There are three main institutions known as the Cortes Generales, which are legally independent:
- The general assembly of representatives whose controlling faction forms an executive government and proposes legislative changes
- The assembly of senators consider the wider implications and compatibility of proposed legislation
- The judicial branch composed of a hierarchy of law courts which ensure that any proposed or imposed executive enforcement complies with Spanish and European law
Head of State
- The Monarchy of Spain holds the constitutional head of state, which has no executive role, other than appointing officials, requiring reports of official activities and representing Spain at formal and ceremonial occasions. The king is also the commander in chief of the Spanish Armed Forces in which capacity he suppressed the 23-F Spanish coup d'état attempt in February 1981.
- The King Juan Carlos I has held this position since November 22, 1975. This is a hereditary post, and the 1978 Constitution of Spain is open to both male and female heirs, daughters of a monarch, however, can inherit only if the monarch has no sons. A proposal to change the constitution to give equal rights to males and females to inherit the throne has not been decided on yet.
- The Heir apparent is Prince Felipe, Prince of Asturias, and some duties of state have been devolved to him
- The Military Chief of Staff (Jefe de Estado mayor) is General Admiral Fernando García Sánchez
Heads of Government
- President of the Government, sometimes misleadingly called "the Spanish President", is the first minister and is elected by the Congress of Deputies. The current holder is Mariano Rajoy Brey, who was elected on December 21, 2011. He appoints a number of vice-presidents ordered numerically according to rank and responsible for their respective major ministries such as Finance, Foreign affairs, Domestic administration, etc.
- Council of Ministers (Spanish Consejo de Ministros) is designated by the president.
This is the official logo of the Government of Spain: In the left the European and Spanish flags, in the center the coat of arms of Spain and written in black – Gobierno de España (in English: Government of Spain) – and in the right side the building that represents the official house of the Prime Minister of Spain, La Moncloa and where press conferences are given and the Council of Ministers meets. Below it is an instance of a variating use, combined for the purposes of the Ministry of Finance.
- "El presidente Mariano Rajoy anuncia la composición del nuevo Gobierno de España". Retrieved 22 December 2011.
- (Spanish) Spanish cabinets from 1931 to 2004
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