Ministry of Defense (Yugoslavia)

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Through the history of Yugoslavia, the defense ministry which was responsible for defense of the country was known under several different names. The Ministry of the Army and Navy was responsible for defense of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia from 1918 to 1945, the Federal Secretariat of People's Defense for the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia from 1945 to 1992 and the Ministry of Defense for the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (officially named Serbia and Montenegro in 2003) from 1992 to 2006.

List of ministers[edit]

Minister of the Army of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia (1918)[edit]

# Name Image Born–Died Rank Start End Note
1 Mihailo Rašić No image.png 1858–1932 General 1 December 1918 20 December 1918 Previously served as Minister of the Army of the Kingdom of Serbia.

Ministers of the Army and Navy of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia (1918–1941)[edit]

# Name Image Born–Died Rank Start End Note
1 Mihailo Rašić No image.png 1858–1932 General 20 December 1918 30 March 1919
2 Stevan S. Hadžić Stevan Hadžić.jpg 1868–1931 General 30 March 1919 19 February 1920 1st Term
3 Branko Jovanović No image.png 1868–1921 General 19 February 1920 26 March 1921 Died in office
Milorad Drašković No image.png 1873–1921 No military rank 26 March 1921 24 May 1921 Acting Minister of Defense
4 Stevan S. Hadžić Stevan Hadžić.jpg 1868–1931 General 24 May 1921 20 July 1921 2nd Term
5 Milivoje Zečević No image.png 1872–1946 General 20 July 1921 3 January 1922
6 Miloš M. Vasić No image.png 1859–1935 General 5 January 1922 4 November 1922
7 Petar Pešić Петар Пешић.jpg 1871–1944 Army General 4 November 1922 27 July 1924 1st Term. General until 1923
8 Stevan S. Hadžić Stevan Hadžić.jpg 1868–1931 Army General 27 July 1924 6 November 1924 3rd Term
9 Dušan Trifunović Dušan Trifunović.jpg 1880–1942 Divisional General 6 November 1924 24 December 1926
10 Stevan S. Hadžić Stevan Hadžić.jpg 1868–1931 Army General 24 December 1926 23 April 1931 4th Term. Died in office
11 Dragomir Stojanović Dragomir Stojanović.jpg 1878–1943 Army General 23 April 1931 18 April 1934
12 Milan Ž. Milovanović Milan Milovanović.jpg 1874–1942 Army General 18 April 1934 22 October 1934
13 Petar Živković Aj 10 03 01 zivkovic s.jpg 1879–1947 Army General 22 October 1934 7 March 1936
14 Ljubomir Marić Atatürk and Ljubomir Marić.jpg 1878–1960 Army General 8 March 1936 25 August 1938
15 Milutin Nedić No image.png 1882–1945 Army General 25 August 1938 26 August 1939
16 Milan Nedić Milan Nedić 1939.jpg 1877–1946 Army General 26 August 1939 6 November 1940 Brother of Milutin Nedić. Later served as the Prime Minister of the Government of National Salvation
17 Petar Pešić Петар Пешић.jpg 1871–1944 Army General 6 November 1940 27 March 1941 2nd Term
18 Bogoljub Ilić Bogoljub Ilič.jpg 1881–1953 Army General 27 March 1941 18 April 1941

Ministers of the Army and Navy of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in exile (1941)[edit]

# Name Image Born–Died Rank Start End Note
1 Bogoljub Ilić Bogoljub Ilič.jpg 1881–1953 Army General 18 April 1941 21 August 1941 Ministry split into two, Ministry of the Army and Ministry of the Air Force and Navy

Ministers of the Army of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in exile (1941–1942)[edit]

# Name Image Born–Died Rank Start End Note
1 Bogoljub Ilić Bogoljub Ilič.jpg 1881–1953 Army General 21 August 1941 11 January 1942
2 Dragoljub Mihailović 144 Draza Mihajlovic.jpg 1893–1946 Brigadier General 11 January 1942 14 January 1942 Ministry joined with Ministry of the Air Force and Navy

Ministers of the Air Force and Navy of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in exile (1941–1942)[edit]

# Name Image Born–Died Rank Start End Note
1 Dušan Simović Dušan Simović.jpg 1881–1953 Army General 21 August 1941 11 January 1942
2 Dragoljub Mihailović 144 Draza Mihajlovic.jpg 1893–1946 Brigadier General 11 January 1942 14 January 1942 Ministry joined with Ministry of the Army

Ministers of the Army, Navy and Air Force of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in exile (1942–1945)[edit]

# Name Image Born–Died Rank Start End Note
1 Dragoljub Mihailović 144 Draza Mihajlovic.jpg 1893–1946 Army General 14 January 1942 1 July 1944 Brigadier General until 19 January 1942 and Divisional General until 17 June 1942. Chief of Staff of the Supreme Command of the Yugoslav Army in the Homeland from 10 June 1942. Until 1 July 1944, on behalf of Mihailović and due to his absence, designated representatives (Slobodan Jovanović, Petar Živković and Božidar Purić) implemented decisions of the government. Dismissed, post vacant until 11 September 1944.
Ivan Šubašić Aj 10 03 01 subasic s.jpg 1892–1955 No military rank 1 July 1944 11 September 1944 From 1 July 1944 to 11 September 1944, after the dismissal of Army General Dragoljub Mihailović, post of Minister of the Army, Navy and Air Force was vacant. Ivan Šubašić was appointed temporary Minister during that period.
2 Borisav Ristić No image.png 1883–1967 Divisional General 11 September 1944 26 January 1945 Resigned on 26 January 1945. Post vacant until 7 March 1945.

Commissioner for Defense of the National Committee for the Liberation of Yugoslavia (1943–1945)[edit]

# Name Image Born–Died Rank Start End Note
1 Josip Broz Tito Josip Broz Tito uniform portrait.jpg 1892–1980 Marshal of Yugoslavia 29 November 1943 7 March 1945 Commissioner for Defense of the National Committee for the Liberation of Yugoslavia

Federal Secretaries of People's Defense of the SFR Yugoslavia (1945–1992)[edit]

The Federal Secretary of People's Defense of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbo-Croatian, Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian: Savezni sekretar za narodnu odbranu SFRJ, Cyrillic: Савезни секретар за народну одбрану СФРЈ) was that country's defense minister during its existence from 1945 to 1992. He was the head of the Federal Secretariat of People's Defense (Savezni sekretarijat za narodnu odbranu - SSNO) and it was the most effective military person, while the Chief of the General Staff of Yugoslav People's Army (which was the formational part of SSNO) was the most professional and staff body.

It was the part of the Federal Executive Council (Federal Government).

# Name Image Born–Died Rank Start End Note
1 Josip Broz Tito Josip Broz Tito uniform portrait.jpg 1892–1980 Marshal of Yugoslavia 7 March 1945 14 January 1953 Prime Minister of Yugoslavia from 1943 to 1963. President of Yugoslavia from 1953 to 1980
2 Ivan Gošnjak Ivan Gošnjak.jpg 1909–1980 General of the Army 14 January 1953 18 May 1967 Considered for promotion to rank General (YPA) in 1955
3 Nikola Ljubičić Nikola ljubicic General Armije.jpg 1916–2005 General of the Army 18 May 1967 5 May 1982 Afterwards served as the President of the Presidency of Serbia from 1982 to 1984
4 Branko Mamula No image.png 1921– Admiral of the Fleet 5 May 1982 15 May 1988 Previously served as the Chief of the General Staff from 1979 to 1982. Admiral until 1983
5 Veljko Kadijević No image.png 1925– General of the Army 15 May 1988 8 January 1992 Last Federal Secretary
Blagoje Adžić No image.png 1932–2012 Colonel General 8 January 1992 27 February 1992 Acting Federal Secretary
Života Panić No image.png 1933–2003 Colonel General 27 February 1992 20 May 1992 Acting Federal Secretary

Ministers of Defense of the FR Yugoslavia (1992–2006)[edit]

Following the breakup of Yugoslavia and the secession of four out of six constituent republic in the SFR Yugoslavia the remaining two (Serbia and Montenegro) established a federation in 1992 called the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FR Yugoslavia). This lasted until 2003 when it was reconstituted as a political union called Serbia and Montenegro. In 2006 both countries declared independence and parted ways.

# Name Image Born–Died Rank Start End Note
1 Milan Panić No image.png 1929– No military rank 14 July 1992 2 March 1993
2 Pavle Bulatović No image.png 1948–2000 No military rank 2 March 1993 7 February 2000 Assassinated
3 Dragoljub Ojdanić No image.png 1941– General of the Army 15 February 2000 4 November 2000 Previously served as the Chief of the General Staff from 1998 to 2000
4 Slobodan Krapović No image.png 1948– No military rank 4 November 2000 29 January 2002
5 Velimir Radojević No image.png 1956– No military rank 29 January 2002 17 March 2003
6 Boris Tadić BorisTadic.jpg 1958– No military rank 17 March 2003 16 April 2004 Afterwards served as the President of Serbia from 2004 to 2012
7 Prvoslav Davinić Prvoslav Davinić.jpg 1938– No military rank 16 April 2004 21 October 2005
8 Zoran Stanković Zoran Stanković MC crop.jpg 1954– Major General (Ret.) 21 October 2005 4 June 2006

See also[edit]

External links[edit]