Minuscule 489

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New Testament manuscripts
Minuscule 489
Text New Testament (except Rev.)
Date 1315/1316
Script Greek
Now at Trinity College, Cambridge
Size 18.5 cm by 12.7 cm
Type Byzantine text-type/mixed
Category none
Hand inelegantly written
Note Family Π

Minuscule 489 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), δ 459 (in the Soden numbering),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on paper. It is dated by a Colophon to the year 1315 or 1316.[2] Scrivener labeled it by number 507.[3] The manuscript is lacunose.


The codex contains the text of the New Testament except Book of Revelation on 363 paper leaves (size 18.5 cm by 12.7 cm) with one lacuna (Acts 7:48-60). It is written in one column per page, 28 lines per page.[2][4] The text of Acts 7:48-60 was supplied by later hand.[5]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numbers are given at the margin of the text, and their τιτλοι (titles of chapters) at the top of the pages. The text of the Gospels has also another division according to the smaller Ammonian Sections, whose numbers are written at the margin, with references to the Eusebian Canons. References are written below numbers of the Ammonian Sections. Number of sections is usual.[5]

It contains prolegomena, tables of the κεφαλαια before each Gospel, lectionary markings at the margin (for liturgical use), subscriptions at the end of each book, αναγνωσεις (lessons), Synaxarion, and Menologion to the Gospels.[5] It contains also υποθεσεις (explanatory of using the Eusebian Canons) and much extraneous matter to the Epistles.[3]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Aland did not place it in any Category.[6] According to the Claremont Profile Method it represents the textual family Πa in Luke 1, Luke 10, and Luke 20, as a core member. It creates textual pair with 1219.[7]

In 1 Corinthians 2:1 it reads σωτηριον (salvation) for μυστηριον (mystery), the reading is supported only by 598pt, and 599.[8]


The manuscript has inelegantly written by a monk James from Mount Sinai.[3] It came from the Pantokratoros monastery at Mount Athos and belonged to Richard Bentley (as did Minuscule 477).[5]

The manuscript was added to the list of New Testament manuscripts by Scrivener (507) and Gregory (489). Scrivener thoroughly examined and collated the text of the manuscript (in 1859).[9]

It is currently housed at the Trinity College (B.X. 16) in Cambridge.[2][4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 65. 
  2. ^ a b c Aland, K.; M. Welte; B. Köster; K. Junack (1994). Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 76. ISBN 3-11-011986-2. 
  3. ^ a b c Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 248. 
  4. ^ a b "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 27 May 2011. 
  5. ^ a b c d Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments 1. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs. p. 194. 
  6. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 139. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  7. ^ Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 61. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 
  8. ^ UBS3, p. 581.
  9. ^ Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose (1859). An Exact Transcript of the Codex Augiensis. Cambridge: Deighton Bell & Co. pp. XXXVIII–XL.  (as w)

Further reading[edit]

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