Mir Castle Complex

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UNESCO World Heritage Site
Mir Castle Complex
Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
Комплекс Мирского замка.JPG
Type Cultural
Criteria ii, iv
Reference 625
UNESCO region Europe and North America
Inscription history
Inscription 2000 (24th Session)

Coordinates: 53°27′4.46″N 26°28′22.80″E / 53.4512389°N 26.4730000°E / 53.4512389; 26.4730000

The Mirsky Castle Complex (Belarusian: Мірскі замак), is a UNESCO World Heritage site in Belarus. [1] It is located in the town of Mir, in the Karelichy District of the Hrodna voblast, at 53°27′4.46″N 26°28′22.80″E / 53.4512389°N 26.4730000°E / 53.4512389; 26.4730000, 29 km to the north-west from another World Heritage site, Nesvizh Castle.

Duke Yuri Ilyinich began construction of the castle near the village of Mir after the turn of the 16th century in the Gothic architectural style. Five towers surrounded the courtyard of the citadel, the walls of which formed a square of 75 meters on each side. In 1568, when the Ilyinich dynasty died out, the Mir Castle passed into the hands of Mikołaj Krzysztof "the Orphan" Radziwiłł, who refitted it with a two-winged, three-story stately residence along the eastern and northern inner walls of the castle. Plastered facades were decorated with limestone portals, plates, balconies and porches in the Renaissance style.

Drawing by Napoleon Orda, 1876

In 1817, after the castle had been abandoned for nearly a century and had suffered severe damage in the Napoleonic wars, owner Dominik Hieronim Radziwiłł died of battle injuries and the castle passed to his daughter Stefania, who married Ludwig zu Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg. Later the castle became a possession of their daughter Maria, who married Prince Chlodwig Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst.

View from the courtyard

Their son, Maurice Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst, sold the castle to Nikolai Sviatopolk-Mirski, of the Bialynia clan, in 1895. Nikolaj's son Michail began to rebuild the castle according to the plans of architect Teodor Bursze. The Sviatopolk-Mirski family owned the castle until 1939, when the Soviet Union occupied eastern Poland.

When German forces invaded the Soviet Union in 1941 they occupied the castle and converted it to a ghetto for the local Jewish population, prior to their liquidation. Between 1944 and 1956, the castle was used as a housing facility, resulting in damage to the castle's interior.

In December, 2000, the Mir Castle was listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.[2]

Related World Heritage Sites[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "21 World Heritage Sites you have probably never heard of". Daily Telegraph. 
  2. ^ "Landmarks, historic and cultural, and natural sites of the Republic of Belarus on the UNESCO World Heritage List". Land of Ancestors. National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus. 2011. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 

External links[edit]