From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Classification and external resources|
In humans, 950/μL is regarded as at the upper limit of normal; monocyte counts above this level are regarded as monocytosis.
Monocytosis often occurs during chronic inflammation. Diseases that produce this state:
- Infections: tuberculosis, brucellosis, listeriosis, subacute bacterial endocarditis, syphilis, and other viral infections and many protozoal and rickettsial infections (e.g. kala azar, malaria, Rocky Mountain spotted fever).
- Blood and immune causes: chronic neutropenia and myeloproliferative disorders.
- Autoimmune diseases and vasculitis: systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis and inflammatory bowel disease.
- Malignancies: Hodgkin's disease and certain leukaemias, such as chronic myelomonocytic leukaemia (CMML) and monocytic leukemia.
- Recovery phase of neutropenia or an acute infection.
- Miscellaneous causes: sarcoidosis and lipid storage disease.
|This medical sign article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|