Month of Tobi

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Tobi (Coptic: Ⲧⲱⲃⲓ[pronunciation?]), also known as Touba, is the fifth month of the Coptic calendar. It lies between January 9 and February 7 of the Gregorian calendar. The month of Tobi is also the first month of the Season of 'Proyet' (Growth and Emergence) in Ancient Egypt, where the Nile floods recede and the crops start to grow throughout the land of Egypt.

The name of the month of Tobi comes from Amso Khem, a form of the Ancient Egyptian God Amun Ra.


Toubeh, (the ancient Tobi) : the 5th Koptic month. Corn and flax should be cleared from weeds, and land that is to be devoted to cotton, sesame, and summer cucurbita, is prepared until the 1st of Amshir. Land destined for the growth of culcas (colocasia), and sugar, should be inundated. Lands found to be uncultivable should be marked out and declared unproductive, in order that they may be exempt from taxation. The first cutting of sugar cane takes place (hasab er-rcis) -. sufficient being left for seed, viz : — one kirat in every feddan. At the end of the month work in canals and dykes should be taken in hand : and much care should be bestowed upon the repairing of sakhiehs ( water wheels), wells, &c. The Nile water is in its clearest and best state in Toubeh, and cisterns should be now filled in Cairo and all large towns. The flesh of sheep is better now than at any other season. Vegetables, especially carrots, are at their best. Horses and mules should be tethered in bersim, and it is now time for the sale of cattle. S. winds (Siba) are more prevalent than N. (Dabour). Taxes are now collected. There are various popular sayings respecting Toubeh, — e. g. that if rain falls on any of the first eleven days, but especially on the Festival of the Epiphany, it is a certain sign of good crops. The fellah says " Yfra en Nusrani" (the Christian is happy ) and asserts that God is contented with his people, and will reward them with a bounteous harvest. ( El-Makrizi )

  • Toubeh 6th : our Lord went in to the place of Circumcision, and fulfilled the law.
  • 21st, Rest in the Lord of the Virgin Mother of God, the pure Lady Mary .
  • 22nd, Rest in the Lord of the holy Great Anthony, the father of monks. ( Church Calendar ).

Coptic Synaxarium of the month of Tobi[edit]

Coptic Julian Gregorian Commemorations






2 28 10
  • Departure of Saint Theonas, 16th Pope of Alexandria.
  • Martyrdom of Saint Callinicus (Gallinicus), Bishop of Pelusium.
3 29 11
4 30 12
5 31 13
6 January


7 2 15
8 3 16
9 4 17
  • Departure of Saint Abraam, Companion of Saint Gawarga.
10 5 18
11 6 19
12 7 20
  • Commemoration of Archangel Michael.
  • Martyrdom of Saint Theodore El-Mishreke (the Oriental).
  • Martyrdom of Saint Anatole (Anatolius).
13 8 21
14 9 22
  • Departure of Saint Archiledis (Arselidas).
  • Departure of Saint Maximus, Brother of Saint Domatius, sons of the Roman Emperor Valentinian I.
15 10 23
  • Departure of Obadiah the Prophet.
16 11 24
17 12 25
  • Departure of Saint Domatius, Brother of Saint Maximus, sons of the Roman Emperor Valentinian I..
  • Departure of Anba Yusab, Bishop of Girga, known as El- Abbah.
18 13 26
  • Departure of Saint James, Bishop of Nisibis.
19 14 27
  • Discovery of the Relics of Saint Abahor (Pihour) Saint Bisoura (Pisoura) & their Mother Ampira (Asra).
20 15 28
  • Departure of Saint Prochorus, One of the Seventy Disciples.
  • Commemoration of the Consecration of the Church of Saint John, the Owner of the Golden Gospel, and the Transfer of His Relics to It.
  • Commemoration of the Martyrdom of Anba Behna (Bahnou) and Anba Kloag (Bagoug), the Priest.
21 16 29
22 17 30
23 18 31
  • Martyrdom of Saint Timothy, the Apostle.
  • Departure of Pope Cyril IV, 110th Pope of Alexandria.
24 19 February


  • Departure of Saint Mary the Ascetic (The Shut-In).
  • Martyrdom of Anba Bisada (St. Psati), the Priest.
25 20 2
  • Departure of Saint Peter, the Worshipper.
  • Martyrdom of Saint Askala (Asela), the Ascetic.
26 21 3
  • Martyrdom of the Forty-Nine Saints, the Elders of Sheheat (Scetis).
  • Departure of Saint Anastasia.
27 22 4
  • Martyrdom of Saint Sarapion.
  • Commemoration of the Archangel Suriel.
  • Relocation of the Relics of Saint Timothy, the Apostle.
  • Martyrdom of Saint Abe-Fam, the Soldier (St. Phoebammon).
28 23 5
  • Martyrdom of Saint Clement.
  • Martyrdom of Saint Anba Kaou.
29 24 6
  • Departure of Saint Eksani (St. Xene).
  • Commemoration of Saint Seriakos (Syriacus), the Fighter.
30 25 7
  • Martyrdom of Saints Pistis, Helpis, Agape, & Their Mother, Sophia.
Preceded by
Egyptian Months
days: 30 days
Succeeded by