Morpho peleides

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Peleides Blue Morpho
Morpho peleides 2.jpg
Morpho peleides02.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Nymphalidae
Genus: Morpho
Species: M. peleides
Binomial name
Morpho peleides
Kollar, 1850
Synonyms
  • Morpho confusa Le Moult & Réal, 1962
  • Morpho hyacinthus inderivata Le Moult & Réal
  • Morpho helenor peleides

The Peleides Blue Morpho, Common Morpho,[1] or The Emperor[2] (Morpho peleides)[3] is an iridescent tropical butterfly found in Mexico, Central America, northern South America, Paraguay, and Trinidad. Some authorities[4] believe that peleides is a subspecies of Morpho helenor.[5]

The brilliant blue color in the butterfly's wings is caused by the diffraction of the light from millions of tiny scales on its wings. It uses this to frighten away predators, by flashing its wings rapidly. The wingspan of the Blue Morpho butterfly ranges from 7.5–20 cm (3.0–7.9 in). The entire Blue Morpho butterfly lifecycle, from egg to adult is only 115 days. Known larval foodplants are Leguminosae (Arachis hypogaea, Dioclea wilsonii, Inga spp., Lonchocarpus, Machaerium cobanense, Machaerium salvadorense, Machaerium seemannii, Medicago sativa, Mucuna mutisiana, Pithecellobium, Pterocarpus rohrii, Mucuna urens), and Bignoniaceae (Paragonia pyramidata). Morpho peleides drinks the juices from rotting fruits for food. Its favourites in captivity are mango, kiwi, and lychee. Morpho peleides butterflies live in the rainforests of South America, and can be found in Mexico and Central America.

The larvae of Morpho peleides butterflies are occasional cannibals. These caterpillars are red-brown with patches of bright green.

Morpho peleides butterflies stick together in groups to deter their predators, a form of mobbing behavior.[citation needed]

Photographs[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Young, A. M., and A. Muyshondt (1973). The biology of Morpho peleides in Central America. Caribbean Journal of Science 13: 1–49.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Common Morpho
  2. ^ Stiling, P.D. (1986). Butterflies and other insects of the Caribbean. New York:Macmillan Caribbean. p.52.
  3. ^ peleides, Lepindex
  4. ^ Lamas, Gerardo (2004). Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera; Checklist: Part 4A; Hesperioidea - Papilionoidea.
  5. ^ Peleides helenor at funet.fi
  • Smart, Paul (1976). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Butterfly World in Color. London, Salamander:Encyclopedie des papillons. Lausanne, Elsevier Sequoia (French language edition) ISBN 9780948427046 ISBN 0600313816 page 237 fig. 7 (Colombia).

External links[edit]