|Population||1,740 (2006 Census)|
|Elevation||4 m (13 ft)|
For the collection of Horsedrawn Carriages see Mossman Collection
Originally known as Mosman — the name was changed to avoid confusion with the Sydney suburb of Mosman — it is located on the Captain Cook Highway 75 km north of the regional city of Cairns, and 15 km east of the Mount Carbine Tableland. Mossman Gorge, a popular attraction within Daintree National Park, is located west of town. Sugar cane farming is an important aspect of the local economy, with Mossman Central Mill, the only sugar mill in the district, processing the cane before sending it to Cairns for shipping domestically and internationally.
The establishment and subsequent growth of Cairns and the completion of the Cairns Railway up through the Barron Gorge in 1891, gave a more direct gateway to the hinterland but, at this period, it was found that the Mossman district contained suitable land for sugar-growing. The establishment of the sugar mill at Mossman formed the nucleus of the town, which grew at the expense of Port Douglas.
The district was served by two separate 2 foot (610 mm) gauge tramway systems. Both at one time handled passengers and general goods, as well as sugar cane. Mossman district owes its present prosperity to these tramways which pioneered the first reasonable transport in the neighbourhood, for trafficable roads followed later.
Mossman has five primary schools in its district and only one high school. Mossman was once the seat of the former Shire of Douglas but now falls under the amalgamated Cairns Region, which is presently administered from both Cairns and Mossman. Mossman is rich in sporting clubs such as the Mossman Sharks rugby league club, Coral Coast Judo Club, Douglas United Dragons Football (Soccer) Club, A Basketball League run out of the high school Indoor Sport Centre, and the Port Douglas Crocs AFL club among many others.
Mossman has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:
- Johnston Road: Mossman District Hospital
- 2 Front Street: Daintree Inn/Former Exchange Hotel
- 3 Foxton Avenue: St David's Anglican Church and Raintrees (Samanea saman)
- 8-14 Mill Street: Mossman Shire Hall and Douglas Shire Council Chambers (former)
- 11 Mill Street: National Bank of Australasia Building (former)
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Mossman (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 13 June 2011.
- The Cane Tramways of Mossman Singleton, C.C. Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin, March, 1956 pp25-32
- Gillison, Douglas (1962). History of Australia in the War of 1939–1945. Series 3 - Air. Volume I – Royal Australian Air Force, 1939–1942. Canberra: Australian War Memorial. p. 563.
- "Mossman District Hospital (entry 5265)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-07.
- "Daintree Inn/Former Exchange Hotel (entry 30934)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-07.
- "St David's Anglican Church and Raintrees (Samanea saman) (entry 30635)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-07.
- "Mossman Shire Hall and Douglas Shire Council Chambers (former) (entry 30790)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-07.
- "National Bank of Australasia Building (former) (entry 16305)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-07.
- University of Queensland: Queensland Places: Mossman
- Town information from the Sydney Morning Herald
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