Muhammad Asadullah Al-Ghalib

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Islamic scholar
Dr. Muhammad Asadullah Al-Ghalib
ড. মুহাম্মাদ আসাদুল্লাহ আল-গালিব
Born (1948-01-15) 15 January 1948 (age 66)
Flag of Bangladesh.svg Bularati, (Satkhira, Bangladesh)
Nationality Bangladeshi Flag of Bangladesh.svg
Era Modern
Region South Asia
Occupation Professor of the department of Arabic at University of Rajshahi (1980–present)
Denomination Ahlehadeeth/Salafi
Movement Ahlehadeeth
Notable work(s) Tafsirul Quran; Ahlehadeeth Movement: Origin and the Development, with special reference to South Asian region (Ph.D Thesis); Salatur Rasul (Bangla and English); Nobider Kahini(Series-1,2,3)
Alma mater University of Dhaka
University of Rajshahi
Website Ahlehadeeth Andolon Bangladesh

Dr. Muhammad Asadullah Al-Ghalib (Arabic: د.محمد اسد الله الغالب; Bengali: ড. মুহাম্মাদ আসাদুল্লাহ আল-গালিব) (b. January 15, 1948) is a Bangladeshi reformist Islamic scholar, and professor of Arabic at the University of Rajshahi. He is the founder leader of nation wide Islamic organization Ahlehadeeth Andalon Bangladesh (AHAB),[1] the largest Ahlehadeeth movement in Bangladesh. Moreover, he is also the founder and chairman of editorial board of the Monthly At-tahreek, an Islamic research journal of Bangladesh. He has a tremendous contribution in spreading Daawah Salafiyah in Bangladesh from grass root level to a wider perspective of national and international arena.[2]

On February 23, 2005, he was arrested on charges following allegations he was leading Islamic militants.[3][4][5] He was further alleged to have received funding from the Revival of Islamic Heritage Society.[6][7] Dr. Ghalib had denied any involvement with Islamic militancy[8][9][10] and got released from jail on August 28, 2008.[11][12][13][14][15] Later on, he acquitted in all the cases one by one. A total of 10 cases had been filed against him, but with accusations not proved, the police dropped charges in six cases and then acquitted of charges in another four cases, in which charges had been pressed against him.[16][17][18][19][20][21][22][23] [24][25][26][27][28][29]

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

He was born in 1948 to a respectable Mandal family of Maulavi Bari in the village Bularati, located in Satkhira District, Bangladesh. His mother Basirun(Died on 26 June 1984 A.D) was a pious woman and his father Maulana Ahmad Ali (1883-1976 AD. died at the age of 93 years) was a renowned Islamic scholar and leader of the Ahlehadeeth.

Education[edit]

He passed the Dakhil, Alim and Fazil public examinations from Kakdanga Senior Madrasah, Satkhira, Bangladesh. In 1969 he passed the Kamil (Muhaddith) Examination from Aramnagar Alia Madrasa, Jamalpur, Bangladesh. He passed all examinations in the First Division. He secured the 16th place in Alim and 5th place in Kamil examination of the then Madrasah Education Board of the East Pakistan.

He got his I.A. from Kalaroa, Govt. College, Satkhira, Bangladesh; B. A. from Majid Memorial City College, Khulna, Bangladesh and in 1976 M.A. in Arabic from the department of Arabic at the University of Dhaka, securing First Class First position. Lastly, he got Ph.D. Degree from the University of Rajshahi on August 20, 1992 by submitting a dissertation on Ahl-i-Hadeeth Movement: Origin and the Development; with special reference to South Asian region.

Career[edit]

He served as a teacher in Jamia Muhammdia Arabia Madrasah at North Jatrabari, Dhaka. After passing the M.A. examination, he joined the "Institute of Modern Languages" at the University of Dhaka, as a part-time Lecturer on 25 September 1980.

Thereafter in the same year on 10 December, he joined as a Lecturer in the department of Arabic and Islamic Studies in the University of Rajshahi. When the department was separated in 1995, he stayed in the department of Arabic and has still been working as a Professor. He attended many international seminars and conferences as a guest speaker in different countries like India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates.

Founded organisations[edit]

He founded various religious, educational and non-profit social welfare organizations in Bangladesh.[30][31]

  1. Ahlehadeeth Andolon Bangladesh (Ahlehadeeth Movement Bangladesh) – A national based Ahlehadeeth organisation, Founded on Friday, September 23, 1994.
  2. Bangladesh Ahlehadeeth Jubo Shangha – A youth's wing of Ahlehadeeth Movement Bangladesh, founded on February 5, 1978.
  3. Bangladesh Ahlehadeeth Mahilla Songstha - A ladie's wing of Ahlehadeeth Movement Bangladesh, Founded on June 7, 1981.
  4. Tawheed Trust (Regd) – A registered non-profit social welfare well-known organization, which is based in Rajshahi, Bangladesh, opened on September 5, 1989.
  5. Salafiyah Trust (Regd) - A registered social welfare organization, founded in 2002.
  6. Hadeeth Foundation Bangladesh – A renowned Islamic research foundation with Darul Ifta and publishing house, founded on November 15, 1992.
  7. Islamic Complex - Founded in 2010.
  8. Monthly At-tahreek – An Islamic research journal, is directed to salafi path, based on pure Tawheed and Saheeh (authentic) Sunnah, that presenting the real teaching of the Glorious Quran and authentic Hadeeth; first published on September 1997.
  9. Sonamoni - A children's Wing of Ahlehadeeth Movement Bangladesh, founded in 1994.
  10. Pather Alo Foundation - A national based project for orphans, sightless, disabled and neglected people, founded in 2009.

Works[edit]

He wrote various valuable books on different subjects including religion, education, society, politics and literature . All these books are published by Hadeeth Foundation Bangladesh. His research articles in various languages, published in different journals and periodicals at home and abroad, are more than 450 and some others are awaiting for publication. Along with this, he supervised many academic research works. His published books number over 40. He is known for the meticulous research behind his works.[32][33]

List of works

  1. Tafsirul Quran (The Interpretation of the Glorious Quran) - 2013 A.D.
  2. Ahleadeeth Movement: Origin and the Development; with special reference to South Asian region (Ph.D Thesis) - February 1996 A.D.
  3. Ahlehadeeth Andolon: Ki O Keno (Ahlehadeeth Andolon:What and Why) [Bangla] - July 1979 A.D.
  4. Ahlehadeeth Andolon: What and Why (English) - 2012 A.D.
  5. Daa'wat o Jihad - March 1993 A.D.
  6. Masail-I Qurbani O 'Aakika - July 1987 A.D.
  7. Milad Prasongga - October 1986 A.D.
  8. Shobe Barat - March 1990 A.D.
  9. AARbi Qaedah - March 1997 A.D.
  10. Salatur Rasul (SM) (Bangla) - 1998 A.D.
  11. Salatur Rasul (SM) (English) - 2010 A.D.[34]
  12. Talaq O Tahlil - February 2001 A.D.
  13. Hajj O Umrah (Hajj and Umrah) - November 2001 A.D.
  14. 'Aakida Islamiah - March 2000 A.D.
  15. Udatto Aahban (The Clarion Call) - March 1993 A.D.
  16. Islami khilafat o Nettritto Nirbachon - March 2003 A.D.
  17. Iqamate Din: Path o Paddhoti - March 2004 A.D.
  18. Hadeeth-er Pramanikota - March 2004 A.D.
  19. Aasurae Muharram o Aamader Karanio - March 2004 A.D.
  20. Shamaj Biplober Dhara - November 1986 A.D.
  21. Tinti Motobad - January 1987 A.D.
  22. Naitik vitti O Prastabana - March 1993 A.D.
  23. Dhormoniropekkhota (Secularism) - 1996 A.D.
  24. Insane Kamel (The Perfect Person) - February 2009 A.D.
  25. Sabi O Murti (Images and Idolls) - January 2010 A.D.
  26. Nobider Kahini - 1 (The Lives of Prophets - 1) - March 2010 A.D.[35]
  27. Nobider Kahini - 2 (The Lives of Prophets - 2) - December 2010 A.D.
  28. Nobider Kahini - 3 (The Lives of Prophets - 3)
  29. Naiti Prasner Uttar (Nine Questions and It's Answers) - [Translated from Arabic] August 2010 A.D.
  30. Jihad o Qital (Jihad and War) - 2013 A.D.
  31. Firqah Najiah - 2013 A.D.
  32. Jibon Darshan (Philosophies of Life) - 2013 A.D. It is a selected editorial collection of Dr. Ghalib regarding various aspects of human life, that published on the Monthly At-tahreek in different times.[36]

Political struggle[edit]

On February 23, 2005, the government of Bangladesh announced the arrest of Dr. Ghalib, an Associate Professor of Arabic at Rajshahi University and the President of the largest and most well-organized Ahlehadeeth group in Bangladesh, Ahlehadeeth Andolan Bangladesh (AHAB), filing charges of abduction, robbery, murder, bomb blasts, and possession of explosives. He had been shown arrest in ten cases in a single day. Rhetorical reports in this regard overflowed from newspapers that at one point of time, militant JMB leader Shaikh Abdur Rahman was closely associated with Dr. Ghalib. But Dr. Ghalib denied it vehemently and claimed that he had no relation with him and didn't even know him personally. After his arrest even though the government prosecutors had not presented any evidence against Dr. Ghalib for his involvement in violent activities – or indicating that he instructed his followers to conduct terrorist operations, he remained in jail uncharged. His organization AHAB made protest around the country against the government's move against him and demanded his unconditional release. At last long after three years of his arrest, he got released from the custody on August 2008. It is alleged that he was the victim of evil plot of some vested political and religious quarters aiming to defame his name and his organization.[37]

Islamic beliefs and ideology[edit]

Tawheed[edit]

Islamic Shariah[edit]

Taqlid[edit]

Islamic State[edit]

Dr. Ghalib’s position is somewhere in the middle of the two extremes in regards of Islamic State. On the one hand he rejects the modern democratic system as un-Islamic because “it is based on the idea of popular sovereignty and majority opinion, which may go in the direction of anti-Islamic measures if people so desire.” According to Dr. Ghalib, there is nothing wrong with elections if both the voters and the candidates for public offices are practicing Muslims and fulfill the condition of public trust as prescribed by Islam. But if democracy means following the desires of people who have no Islamic knowledge or Islamic commitment, then they are more likely to vote for candidates “who would support casinos, alcoholic drinks, bars, free mixing of sexes, prostitution, usury, etc. In other words, all these vices can be legalized if you can get 51% of votes in the parliament. It is this risk in democracy that we Muslims cannot take”

On the other hand Dr. Ghalib is not in favor of violent overthrow of the present system, nor does he advocate subversion of the system through clandestine tactics. According to a booklet he wrote in Bangla (Iqamat-e-Din: Poth O Poddhoti, Rajshahi: Hadeeth Foundation, 2004), da’wah (call, preaching) and educational efforts by an organized movement – such as his own, AHAB – will eventually lead to the transforming of society on Islamic principles and an Islamic society will then culminate in the establishment of an Islamic state based on the model of the Prophetic state in Medina and the early, rightly-guided caliphate. In this publication, Dr. Ghalib rejects violence as a means of Islamic change and argues for a peaceful, “intellectual jihad” to transform the society and to impress upon the rulers to attend to their Islamic duties. The best form of government, according to Dr. Ghalib, is Caliphate. Once a caliph has been “selected” by the Majlis-e-Shura (consultative body) of pious Muslims, his obedience will be obligatory on all Muslims as long as he rules according to Shariah and dispenses justice to all citizens.[38]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Official Website of Ahlehaedeeth Andolon Bangladesh
  2. ^ "Salatur Rasul (SM) : Book Summary About the Author ", Rokomary.com
  3. ^ Rahman, Waliur (February 23, 2005). "Police hold Bangladesh professor". BBC News. Retrieved July 14, 2013. 
  4. ^ Prof Galib-Arrest | Asia Africa Intelligence Wire
  5. ^ Routray, Bibhu Prasad (March 2, 2005). "Bangladesh steps out of denial cocoon". Asia Times. Retrieved July 15, 2013. 
  6. ^ Montero, David (September 7, 2005). "How extremism came to Bangladesh". The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved July 14, 2013. 
  7. ^ Ghalib, 3 other Ahle Hadith leaders held | News From Bangladesh
  8. ^ Police investigation fails to prove Dr. Galib involvement in bomb attack | Asia Africa Intelligence Wire From UNB
  9. ^ US Embassy of Dhaka (October 4, 2011). "CONTRASTING LOCAL VIEWS ON DR. GHALIB". Wikileaks. reference id 06DHAKA867 created February 16, 2006. 
  10. ^ US Embassy of Dhaka (August 30, 2011). "ARRESTED DR. GALIB: TERRORIST OR DUPE?". Wikileaks. reference id 05DHAKA914 created March 3, 2005. 
  11. ^ Ali, Anwar (August 26, 2008). "Galib may be freed in few days : Bogra court grants bail in Shahjahanpur jatra bombing case as per an earlier HC order". The Daily Star. Retrieved July 14, 2013. 
  12. ^ "Ahle Hadith Andolon chief Ghalib freed on bail ", The Financial Express, August 30, 2008.
  13. ^ Staff Correspondent (August 29, 2008). "Militant kingpin Galib freed on bail". The Daily Star. Retrieved July 14, 2013. 
  14. ^ "Alleged militant kingpin Ghalib out on bail ", bdnews24.com, August 29, 2008.
  15. ^ http://www.news.org.bd
  16. ^ News Editor (July 25, 2005). "Galib, 18 associates acquitted in BRAC office bomb attack case". Bdnews24.com. Retrieved January 10, 2014. 
  17. ^ Dr Galib, 17 others relieved from bomb attack case | Asia Africa Intelligence Wire From UNB
  18. ^ Our Correspondent (June 27, 2008). "Drama Festival Blast : Galib, 5 others acquitted". The Daily Star. Retrieved July 14, 2013. 
  19. ^ http://karatoa.com.bd
  20. ^ Ali, Anwar (February 17, 2005). "RU teacher with 'militant link' operates in 42 districts". The Daily Star. Retrieved July 14, 2013. 
  21. ^ "Dr. Asadullah Al-ghalib against Terrorism". 
  22. ^ Staff correspondent (October 1, 2010). "বিস্ফোরক মামলার রায়ে ড. গালিবসহ চারজন খালাস". The Daily Prothom Alo. Retrieved April 20, 2013. 
  23. ^ Bogra Office (October 1, 2010). "বগুড়ায় বিস্ফোরক উদ্ধার মামলায় ড. গালিবসহ চার আসামি খালাস". The Daily Kaler Kantho . Retrieved April 25, 2013. 
  24. ^ Bogra Office (August 1, 2011). "বগুড়ায় যাত্রানুষ্ঠানে বোমা হামলা ড. গালিবসহ তিন আসামি খালাস". The Daily Kaler Kantho . Retrieved April 25, 2013. 
  25. ^ "এক মামলায় গালিব খালাস ", bdnews24.com, July 31, 2011.
  26. ^ Our Correspondent, Bogra (November 22, 2013). "Bombing Of Drama Venue Dr Ghalib, two others aquitted of charges". The Daily Star. Retrieved January 10, 2014. 
  27. ^ "Ahle Hadith chief Galib acquitted of bomb attack charges". UNB. November 20, 2013. Retrieved January 11, 2014. 
  28. ^ "Ghalib acquitted in Bogra bomb attack case", banglamail24.com, November 21, 2013.
  29. ^ বগুড়া ব্যুরো (November 22, 2013). "বগুড়ায় হত্যা মামলায় ড.গালিবসহ ৩ জনকে খালাস দিয়েছে আদালত". The Daily Jugantor . Retrieved January 10, 2014. 
  30. ^ Staff Correspondent (March 9–22, 2007). "Ahle Hadith New moves in religion-based politics". PROBE News Magazine. Vol 10 Issue 37–38 March 09–22. Retrieved 15 March 2013. 
  31. ^ Staff Correspondent (August 29, 2008). "Militant kingpin Galib freed on bail". The Daily Star. Retrieved March 25, 2013. 
  32. ^ "Salatur Rasul (SM) : Book Summary About the Author ", Rokomary.com
  33. ^ http://www.facebook.com/dr.galib.asadullah
  34. ^ http://www.salatenglish.at-tahreek.com/salatenglish/4.html
  35. ^ http://www.nobiderkahini.at-tahreek.com
  36. ^ http://www.ahlehadeethbd.org/prokashona.html
  37. ^ Staff Correspondent (March 9–22, 2007). "Ahle Hadith New moves in religion-based politics". PROBE News Magazine. Vol 10 Issue 37–38 March 09–22. Retrieved March 15, 2013. 
  38. ^ Ahmad, Mumtaz. "Ahl-e-Hadith Movement in Bangladesh". Retrieved November 27, 2013. 

External Sources[edit]