Muhammad Fareed Didi

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Muhammad Fareed Didi
މުޙައްމަދު ފަރީދު ދީދީ
King of the Maldives
King Fareed.jpg
Reign March 7, 1954 – November 11, 1968
Predecessor President of the Maldives
(Mohamed Amin Didi)
President of the Maldives
(Ibrahim Nasir)
Spouse Mugurigey Waheeda
Issue Five children (all died)
Full name
Muhammad Fareed Didi
House Huraage
Dynasty House of Huraa
Father Sultan Abdul Majeed Didi
Mother Princess Veyogey Dhon Goma
Born 1901
Malé, Maldives
Died May 27, 1969
Malé, Maldives
Burial 1969
Galolhu Cemetery
Religion Islam

King Muhammad Fareed Didi (Dhivehi: އަލްއަމީރު މުޙަންމަދު ފަރީދު ދީދީ, Al'amīru Muḥanmadu Farīdu Dīdī) KCMG, (1901–1969), the son of the Sultan Prince Abdul Majeed Didi (Al Munthakhab Liarshi Dhaulathil Mahaldheebiyya). Muhammed Fareed Didi was the last Sultan of Maldives and the first Maldivian Monarch to assume the title of "King" with the style of "Your Majesty". He was the Sultan of Maldives from March 7, 1954 until November 11, 1968. He was deposed in 1968 from the throne when Maldives became a republic, and died the following year.

Early years[edit]

He studied at the prestigious Royal College Colombo[1] in Ceylon. After spending 7 years in Ceylon (Sri Lanka), he came back and became the prime minister of Sultan Hassan Nooraddine II on December 16, 1932.

Reign[edit]

After the fall of President Mohamed Amin Didi, a referendum was held and 98% of the people voted in favour of the monarchy,[citation needed] so the country was again declared a Sultanate. A new peoples majilis was elected, as the former "People's Majilis" was dissolved after the end of the revolution. The members of the special majilis decided to take a secret vote to elect a sultan, and Prince Mohammed Fareed Didi was elected as the 84th Sultan in 1954. His first Prime minister was Ehgamugey Ibraahim Ali Didi (later Ibraahim Faamuladheyri Kilegefaan). On December 11, 1957, the prime minister was forced to resign and Velaanagey Ibraahim Nasir was elected as the new prime minister the following day.

On November 15, 1967 a vote was taken in parliament to decide whether the Maldives should continue as a constitutional monarchy or become a republic. Of the 44 parliamentarians, forty voted in favour of a republic. On March 15, 1968, a national referendum was held, in which 81.23% of the votes cast favoured establishing a republic.[2] The republic was declared on November 11, 1968, thus ending the 853-year-old monarchy.[citation needed]

Post-deposition and death[edit]

After his deposition from the throne, the King left the royal palace and retired to his own residence (Maabagychaage, now the parliament house) in Henveru ward. He died on May 27, 1969 in Malé. He was given a state funeral and was buried in the Galolhu Cemetery.

Muhammad Fareed Didi
Born: May 27 1901 Died: May 27 1969
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Abdul Majeed Didi
Sultan of Maldives
March 7, 1954 – November 11, 1968
Monarchy abolished
Political offices
Preceded by
Mohamed Amin Didi
as President of the Maldives
Head of State of the Maldives
as Sultan
Succeeded by
Ibrahim Nasir
as President of the Maldives
Titles in pretence
New creation
Monarchy abolished
— TITULAR —
Sultan of Maldives
November 11, 1968 – May 27, 1969
Reason for succession failure:
Monarchy abolished in 1968
Succeeded by
Prince Ibrahim Fareed

References[edit]