My Bloody Valentine (film)

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This article is about the 1981 film. For the 2009 remake, see My Bloody Valentine 3D.
My Bloody Valentine
My bloody valentineposter.jpg
Theatrical poster
Directed by George Mihalka
Produced by John Dunning
André Link
Stephen Miller
Screenplay by John Beaird
Story by Stephen Miller
Starring Paul Kelman
Lori Hallier
Neil Affleck
Don Francks
Cynthia Dale
Alf Humphreys
Keith Knight
Patricia Hamilton
Gina Dick
Terry Waterland
Music by Paul Zaza
Cinematography Rodney Gibbons
Edited by Gérald Vansier
Rit Wallis
Production
company
Secret Film Company
Distributed by Paramount Pictures
Release dates
  • February 11, 1981 (1981-02-11) (United States)
  • February 13, 1981 (1981-02-13) (Canada)
Running time 90 minutes
93 minutes (released uncut version)/99 minutes (completely uncut version)
Country United States/Canada
Language English
Budget $CAD2,300,000
Box office $5,672,031

My Bloody Valentine is a 1981 slasher film released during the height of the popularity of the slasher genre of the late 1970s and early 1980s. Considered an example of the horror slashers reminiscent of popular slasher films such as Halloween (1978) and Friday the 13th (1980), the movie was filmed on location in Sydney Mines, Nova Scotia, Canada. The film tells the story of a group of teenagers who decide to throw a Valentine's Day party only to incur the vengeful wrath of a maniac in mining gear who begins a murder spree.

The movie is infamous for having had 9 minutes cut by the MPAA due to the amount of violence and gore. Though co-producer Dunning confirmed that the excised footage still existed, attempts to release it proved difficult as Paramount Pictures refused to offer an uncut version. Lionsgate subsequently secured DVD rights to the film (as well as several other Paramount features, under license) and released a version of the film with three minutes of the uncut put back in on January 13, 2009 (Lionsgate soon after released the remake into theaters).

Plot[edit]

Two miners in full gear, including face masks, are seen going down into a deep mine shaft, each carrying a double-pointed pickaxe. They reach an alcove and one of the figures takes off the mask, revealing that she is a young woman. She removes part of her uniform and stands in a state of half-undress in front of the other figure, presumably a man, who does not remove the breathing mask that covers his head. The man sticks his pickaxe in the wall beside her as she does a strip tease, fondling the man's mask and breathing tubes in a sexual manner. Finally, the man suddenly grabs her and slams her against the pickaxe, the blade impaling her through her chest.

The small town of Valentine Bluffs is seen preparing for a Valentine's Day dance. The town is home to a coal mine where many of the local men work, both young and old. Hanniger, the town Mayor, discusses the Valentine's Day dance with a woman named Mabel Osborne, who runs a laundromat. Hanniger makes a vague reference to a past tragedy associated with Valentine's Day, and we learn that this is the first Valentine's dance to be held in decades.

20 years before, a mining accident trapped five men underneath the ground. The accident was due to the negligence of two supervisors who were anxious to get to the Valentine's dance, having left their posts while the men were still below — also having failed to check for dangerous levels of methane gas in the mine. Of the five men who were trapped in the explosion, four of them died. A survivor named Harry Warden was rescued, found in a state of mental collapse; the rescue took so long that Harry had resorted to cannibalism to survive, eating the bodies of his dead coworkers. A year later, Harry took his revenge on the two supervisors responsible for the accident, killing them with a pickaxe and cutting out their hearts, leaving them in decorative Valentine candy boxes and warning the town to never hold another Valentine's dance ever again. Every year since then, on Valentine's Day, Harry is said to return to Valentine Bluffs to search for someone to kill, should they not heed his warning.

The warning had been heeded for 20 years until now as the legend of Harry's threat is starting to become a distant memory, and the town tries to put the past behind it by having another dance since Harry Warden was locked up in an insane asylum since the murders. The younger people of the town are excited about it. Three of these young people are involved in a love triangle: T.J. Hanniger (Paul Kelman), the Mayor's son, has recently returned from an unexpected departure where he tried to leave Valentine Bluffs behind, including his girlfriend Sarah (Lori Hallier). In the meantime, Sarah has begun a relationship with T.J.'s friend Axel (Neil Affleck). Sarah still has feelings for T.J., infuriating Axel and causing tension between the two men.

Meanwhile, Mayor Hanniger (Larry Reynolds) and the town's chief of police, Jake Newby (Don Francks), get an anonymous box of Valentine's chocolates, and when they open it, it contains a human heart, presumably that of the young woman from the mine, also with a note to prevent the dance from ever happening, vowing to kill more people until it's stopped. Hanniger and Newby are anxious about what to decide.

That evening, Mabel (Patricia Hamilton) is attacked by a man dressed in a mining gear. He corners her in the laundromat and murders her with a double-pointed pickaxe. The next morning, Jake finds her body stuffed inside one of the dryers, her heart ripped out and her skin scorched from the heat. Newby tries to hush up the incident in the hopes of avoiding a panic, releasing information that Mabel died of a heart attack. Newby phones the mental institution where Harry Warden was incarcerated, but there is no trace of him there; his records are lost and his contact cannot tell Newby where Harry is or whatever became of him. Newby and Hanniger fear that Harry Warden has come back to continue his killing spree, and their worst fears seem to be confirmed when the coroner tells them the heart in the box was indeed a human heart—of a woman, approximately 30 years old.

With the death of Mabel, the dance is cancelled and the union hall is locked up. T.J. and his group of friends gather at the local bar, where they hear stories from the bartender about Harry Warden and his rampage. They scoff at him, angering the bartender Happy (Jack Van Evera), who overhears them planning on holding their own party at the mine after hours. When they leave, the bartender rushes out to the mine ahead of them and sets up a gag dummy with a pickaxe to scare them. However, as he prepares to leave, the real miner lunges at him and murders him, driving the pickaxe into his head.

The following night, when the large group of young revelers arrives at the mine, T.J. and Axel come to blows over their rivalry. A young man, named Dave (Carl Marotte), is murdered in the kitchen, drowned and scalded in a pot of boiling water by Warden. The miner cuts out his heart and throws it in the boiling water, where it cooks alongside a large batch of beef franks. One of the girls finds it later, thinking it to be a gag, and Dave's body initially goes unnoticed in the freezer of the kitchen. Newby also gets a hint of trouble when another candy box, apparently containing a blood-soaked heart, arrives at the police building with a menacing note — "You didn't stop the party!". The chief, unaware of the party at Hanniger mine, can only ask about the party.

A young couple named John (Rob Stein) and Sylvia (Helene Udy) are making out in the shower area of the mine facility. When John leaves to go get beer, Sylvia is attacked by the miner, who first traps her by dropping miners' coveralls from the ceiling, then ambushes her and viciously impales her head on a shower nozzle. John returns to find the killer gone and Sylvia hanging impaled from the shower nozzle, shocking him.

One of the miners, Hollis (Keith Knight) allows some of the others to convince him to take them down into the mine. He heads down there with his girlfriend Patty (Cynthia Dale), Sarah, Howard (Alf Humphreys), and another couple, Michael (Thomas Kovacs) and Harriet (Terry Waterland). After they descend into the mine, the bodies of Sylvia and Dave are discovered. Gretchen (Gina Dick), Howard's love interest, finds Dave dead in the freezer, and then John runs in telling everyone about Sylvia's murder. Axel warns that Harry Warden is probably responsible and is prowling the premises, and the party disperses in a panic. T.J. and Axel find out that the others went down into the mine, and they take an elevator down to warn them and lead them to safety.

While down there, Michael and Harriet go off into the engine room to make love, and the miner impales them with a large drill bit. Newby runs into a frightened Gretchen who tells him that Dave and Sylvia have been murdered by Warden. Newby tells Gretchen and the others to all go home, lock their doors, and not leave home. Hollis discovers the bodies and is attacked by the miner, who uses a nail gun to drive two large nails into his head. Patty and Sarah discover him and they catch a glimpse of the miner, who disappears into a tunnel. Howard runs off in a panic, leaving Patty and Sarah alone.

Axel and T.J. appear shortly thereafter and try to lead the two girls to safety, but the control panel to the mining cart has been tampered with. The elevator has been similarly disabled, so they climb up the service ladder. Halfway up, they are startled when Howard's body drops from somewhere above them; a rope around his neck decapitates him, spraying blood all over Patty and Sarah. Thinking Warden is now above them on the ladder, they retreat. While rounding a bend in the mine shaft, T.J., Sarah and Patty hear Axel scream behind them. When they go back, it seems as if Axel has fallen into a well; his mining helmet with the light on it sinks down into the abyss, which T.J. says is too deep to traverse. T.J. says Axel is surely lost, and they continue.

Above ground at the surface entrance, Newby has learned of Warden reappearing at the mine when he pulls over a car for speeding where three of the party-goers, Tommy, John, and Gretchen tell him about the two murders. Newby rushes off to the mine with the remains of the police support to rescue the survivors and to capture Warden once and for all.

In the mine, Warden steps out from a doorway and kills Patty with a blow to the stomach from his pickaxe. Sarah and T.J. fend him off in a series of confrontations and chases, until they face off with him inside a small alcove that leads to some kind of abandoned tunnel. The fight destroys the outdated wooden supports, and the tunnel begins to collapse. The miner's pickaxe gets caught in a support beam, and he draws a hunting knife. As the miner threatens T.J. with it, Sarah tears off Warden's mask and he is revealed to be in fact not Warden, but Axel (who faked his death so he can pursue his killing spree). A flashback reveals Axel is the son of one of the supervisors murdered by Harry Warden. As a very young boy, Axel was in the room and saw his father's violent death while hiding underneath the bed. The shock apparently snapped his mind, leaving him unstable, his potential for violence unleashed by the recurrence of the Valentine's dance.

The entrance to the old tunnel collapses, trapping Axel underneath a great deal of debris, apparently killing him. Newby and the police arrive as T.J. and Sarah start to walk away, but Axel screams; Sarah, who is still emotionally attached to Axel, rushes back to see him. Only his arm is visible, and she holds his hand, but it pulls away from the rubble; on the other side, Axel has amputated his own arm with his hunting knife to free himself from the cave-in. Through a hole in the debris, the others can only see him as he stumbles backwards toward the abandoned tunnel, babbling aloud about Harry Warden and threatening to return to kill everyone.

As the one-armed Axel runs off to find another way out of the mine, he says: "Sarah, be my bloody Valentine!". The film ends as an insane Axel runs deeper into the mine singing "Daddy's gone away, Harry Warden made you pay" to himself. The screen fades to black and the audience can hear the sound of Harry Warden laughing, revealing that he is still alive and will get his revenge on the next Valentine's Day, but he stops as the credits roll and a ballad for Harry Warden plays with the credits.

Cast[edit]

The Miner armed with his trademark pickaxe.
  • Paul Kelman as Jesse "T.J." Hanniger
  • Lori Hallier as Sarah
  • Neil Affleck as Axel Palmer
  • Don Francks as Chief Jake Newby
  • Cynthia Dale as Patty
  • Keith Knight as Hollis
  • Alf Humphreys as Howard Landers
  • Patricia Hamilton as Mabel Osborne
  • Gina Dick as Gretchen
  • Terry Waterland as Harriet
  • Thomas Kovacs as Mike Stavinski
  • Larry Reynolds as Mayor Hanniger
  • Jim Murchison as Tommy
  • Helene Udy as Sylvia
  • Rob Stein as John
  • Carl Marotte as Dave
  • Jack Van Evera as Happy
  • Peter Cowper as Harry Warden/The Miner

Production[edit]

Director George Mihalka, based upon the strength of his earlier movie Pick-Up Summer, was approached by Cinepix Productions, headed by André Link and John Dunning with a two movie contract. Mihalka was asked to direct a horror/slasher story, presented to Dunning by Stephen Miller in mid-1980, and, after Mihalka agreed to direct, John Beaird was bought in to write the screenplay.[1]

The film was originally entitled "The Secret", however, the producers decided to change it to "My Bloody Valentine", so to overtly reference the holiday trend with which the slasher genre was becoming increasingly popular, through films such as Black Christmas, Halloween and Friday the 13th.

Shooting on My Bloody Valentine began in September 1980, taking place around the Princess Colliery Mine in Sydney Mines, Nova Scotia, which had closed in 1975. Two mines were considered for the setting, the other in Glace Bay, Nova Scotia. The production company decided on the Sydney Mines location due to "the exterior [being] a dreary, cold and dusty area [with] no other buildings around it so it looked like it was totally in the middle of nowhere."[2]

Upon arrival at the town for principal photography, the crew found that the townspeople, unbeknownst to them, had redecorated the mine so to make it more presentable, thus destroying the dark atmosphere that had convinced the production company to base the film there. The cast therefore spent a few days staying in Sydney Mines, encouraged by the director to get a feel for the small-town location.

Mihalka has said since making the movie that the most difficult element of My Bloody Valentine was filming in the mines. Located 2,700 feet underground, filming in the mine was a lengthy process, as, due to limited space in the elevators, it would take an hour to assemble the cast and crew underground. Also, due to the methane levels, lighting had to be carefully planned as the amount of bulbs that could be safely utilised was limited.[3]

Lori Hallier, Paul Kelman and Neil Affleck were cast in the lead roles, and Paul Zaza, who had scored Prom Night the previous year, provided the soundtrack. Thom Kovacs, Helene Udy, Carl Marotte and Rob Stein had all appeared in Mihalka's earlier Pinball Summer.

John McDermott sang the closing theme, The Ballad of Harry Warden.

Censorship[edit]

Much has been made of the censorship issues around My Bloody Valentine. For the MPAA to award the movie with an R-rating, cuts were requested to every death sequence in the movie. Even after cutting the movie to match the requirements made by the MPAA, the film was returned with an X-rating and more cuts were demanded. Stills of the trimmed footage were published in Fangoria magazine whilst the movie was still in production, even though the sequences were excised in the theatrical version; even today the complete uncut version has not been released. However, an "uncut" version of the film with three minutes put back in was released in 2009.

There are two reasons that are frequently attributed to the extreme cutting of the film. It has been suggested that Paramount Pictures was keen to remove the offending footage due to the backlash they had received from releasing Friday the 13th the previous year—as a side note, Paramount's Friday the 13th Part 2, which premiered a couple of months after My Bloody Valentine, also suffered extensive cutting, which has never been released.

The second reason, that Mihalka attributes, is that the movie was cut due to the murder of John Lennon in December 1980, stating that there was a major backlash against movie violence in the wake of his death.[4]

The 2009 DVD reinstates around two and a half minutes of footage back into the movie, which contradicts an earlier claim by director Mihalka that the film had been trimmed by 8–9 minutes. It has been argued that the so-called uncut DVD still has some sequences missing, particularly the double-impalement of Mike and Harriet which the director recalls filming. It is thought that the remaining footage appears to be composed of expository scenes, such as dialogue and other non-violence related material. This is given credence by the fact that Mihalka gave his seal of approval to this release, and a written introduction by him precedes the beginning of the special edition DVD, stating that this version was the way that the film was meant to be seen.

The pay-cable service ONTV is believed to have shown the entire uncut version in 1982, the only time it was seen publicly until 2009.

Release[edit]

Critical reception[edit]

The movie grossed $6,000,000 at the United States box office upon its theatrical release on February 11, 1981. The movie has a large cult following, and fans of the horror genre now consider it a classic. Critically, My Bloody Valentine received mixed reviews. On Rotten Tomatoes it stands with a 40% critics' rating with an average rating of 4.7/10.[5] The film holds a 51 out of 100 on Metacritic, indicating "Mixed or average reviews".[6]

In a March 30, 2007 issue of Entertainment Weekly, the film was ranked 17 in a list of guilty pleasures, listed among such films as Dawn of the Dead and Escape from New York, and called "the most criminally underappreciated of the slasher genre." Popular filmmaker Quentin Tarantino called it his all-time favorite slasher film.[7]

Home media releases[edit]

My Bloody Valentine was released to both videotape and LaserDisc in the 1980s. In the United Kingdom, the original pre-certificate video release contained an extra four seconds in the sequence where the killer escapes by cutting off his arm; however, the 1989 release was identical to the R-rated version. Rumours were rife that the film had been issued uncut in the East Asian market, most notably Japan; however, director Mihalka denies the possibility of this.

With the advent of DVD, My Bloody Valentine has been released three times. The original disc is a bare-bones release without any additional features. This same disc was re-issued as a DVD double bill with April Fool's Day in March 2008. Both discs were supplied by Paramount. The third and most recent DVD release was issued on January 13, 2009, the same week as the remake was released in theatres. This version integrates the cut footage back into the film and features two featurettes and optional introductory sequences to the previously missing murder sequences. Two featurettes are also included. Director Mihalka, cast members Lori Hallier, Neil Affleck, Helene Udy and Carl Marotte, composer Paul Zaza and make-up artists Thomas Burman and Ken Diaz are all involved.

Remake[edit]

On January 16, 2009, shortly after the uncut version of the film was released, a remake titled My Bloody Valentine 3D was released in theaters.

Popular culture[edit]

The pop-punk band Good Charlotte has a song of the same title.

References[edit]

External links[edit]