National Scientist of the Philippines
|Order of National Scientists|
|Awarded by Philippines|
|Awarded for||See Nomination and selection|
|Sovereign||President of the Philippines|
|Next (higher)||Order of Gabriela Silang|
|Next (lower)||Gawad Mabini|
|Same||Order of National Artists, Order of National Social Scientists, Gawad sa Manlilikha ng Bayan, Order of Lakandula - Special Class of Champion for Life|
|Ribbon bar of the order|
The rank and title of National Scientist of the Philippines (Filipino: Pambansang Alagad ng Agham ng Pilipinas) or the Order of National Scientists is the highest award accorded to Filipino scientists by the Philippine government.
The award was created on December 16, 1976 by President Ferdinand Marcos through Presidential Decree Nos. 1003 and 1003-A, which also created the National Academy of Science and Technology. For the purposes of the law, a scientist is defined as “an individual who has earned a doctoral degree in any field of the sciences” and “has demonstrated and earned distinction in independent research or significant innovative achievement in the basic and applied sciences, including agricultural, engineering, and medical sciences, in mathematics and in the social sciences as manifested by published works in recognized scientific and technical journals.”  It was elevated to the Order of National Scientists in 2003.
Nomination and selection
It is the Academy, which is composed of Filipino scientists, which is empowered to recommend not more than 10 scientists annually to the President of the Philippines for conferment of the rank of National Scientist. It is the President of the Philippines who makes the ultimate selection, which is based on "distinguished individual or collaborative achievement in science and technology."
Since 1978, there have been 32 national scientists in the roster. The most recent conferment was made to honor Raul Fabella and Fr. Bienvenido Nebres.
Awardees are conferred the rank and title of “National Scientist”, with an accompanying medallion and citation. They are also given a financial gratuity with the amount determined by the National Academy. In addition, they are entitled to the same privileges enjoyed by National Artists of the Philippines, which include a monthly life pension, medical and hospitalization benefits, and a place of honor, in line with protocular precedence, at national state functions. They are likewise by law entitled upon death to a state funeral conducted by the National Academy and the Armed Forces of the Philippines, befitting their recognized status as heroes of the Philippines.
List of National Scientists
As of July 2011, the National Scientists of the Philippines are:
- Juan Salcedo Jr. (1978) †[a]
- Alfredo Santos (1978) †
- Gregorio Y. Zara (1978) †
- Fé del Mundo (1980) †
- Eduardo Quisumbing (1980) †
- Geminiano de Ocampo (1982) †
- Casimito del Rosario (1982) †
- Gregorio Velasquez (1982) †
- Francisco Fronda (1983) †
- Francisco Santos (1983) †
- Carmen Velásquez (1983) †
- Hilario Lara (1985) †
- Teodoro Agoncillo (1985) †[b]
- Encarnacion Alzona (1985) †
- Julián Banzón (1986) †
- Dioscoro Umali (1986) †
- Luz Oliveros-Belardo (1987) †
- Jose Encarnacion, Jr. (1987) †
- Alfredo Lagmay (1988) †
- Paulo Campos (1989) †
- Pedro Escuro (1994) †
- Clara Lim-Sylianco (1994)
- Dolores Ramírez (1998)
- José R. Velasco (1998) †
- Gelia Castillo (1999)
- Bienvenido Juliano (2000)
- Clare Baltazar (2001)
- Benito Vergara (2001)
- Onofre Corpuz (2004) †
- Ricardo Lantican (2005)
- Lourdes Cruz (2006)
- Teodulo Topacio Jr. (2009)
- Mercedes Concepcion (2010)
- Ernesto Domingo (2010)
- Perla Dizon Santos Ocampo (2011) † 
- Raul V. Fabella (2011)
- Fr. Bienvenido Nebres (2011)
- Deceased as of December 2007
- Posthumous award
- Section 2, Pres. Decree No. 1003-A
- Executive Order No. 236, s. 2003 Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved 14 April 2013.
- Section 8, Pres. Decree No. 1003-A
- Section 3, Executive Order No. 131 (26 October 1993)
- First Whereas Clause, Executive Order No. 131 (26 October 1993)
- PNoy confers National Scientist Award to Dr. Santos-Ocampo. Abs-cbnnews.com (2010-06-23). Retrieved on 2012-06-30.
- Aquino names economist ‘national scientist’ | Inquirer News. Newsinfo.inquirer.net (2011-07-27). Retrieved on 2012-06-30.
- Helen Flores (2011-06-30). Nebres, Fabella named 'national scientists'. Philstar.com. Retrieved on 2012-06-30.
- National Scientists of the Philippines (1978–1998). Pasig City, Philippines: Anvil Publishing, Inc. 2000. ISBN 978-9712709326.