National Scientist of the Philippines

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Order of National Scientists
Awarded by  Philippines
Type Order
Awarded for See Nomination and selection
Status Currently constituted
Sovereign President of the Philippines
First induction 1978
Last induction 2011
Precedence
Next (higher) Order of Gabriela Silang
Next (lower) Gawad Mabini
Same Order of National Artists, Order of National Social Scientists, Gawad sa Manlilikha ng Bayan, Order of Lakandula - Special Class of Champion for Life
PHL Blue White Red.png
Ribbon bar of the order

The rank and title of National Scientist of the Philippines (Filipino: Pambansang Alagad ng Agham ng Pilipinas) or the Order of National Scientists is the highest award accorded to Filipino scientists by the Philippine government.

The award was created on December 16, 1976 by President Ferdinand Marcos through Presidential Decree Nos. 1003 and 1003-A, which also created the National Academy of Science and Technology. For the purposes of the law, a scientist is defined as “an individual who has earned a doctoral degree in any field of the sciences” and “has demonstrated and earned distinction in independent research or significant innovative achievement in the basic and applied sciences, including agricultural, engineering, and medical sciences, in mathematics and in the social sciences as manifested by published works in recognized scientific and technical journals.” [1] It was elevated to the Order of National Scientists in 2003.[2]

Nomination and selection[edit]

It is the Academy, which is composed of Filipino scientists, which is empowered to recommend not more than 10 scientists annually to the President of the Philippines for conferment of the rank of National Scientist. It is the President of the Philippines who makes the ultimate selection, which is based on "distinguished individual or collaborative achievement in science and technology."[3]

Since 1978, there have been 32 national scientists in the roster. The most recent conferment was made to honor Raul Fabella and Fr. Bienvenido Nebres.

Benefits[edit]

Awardees are conferred the rank and title of “National Scientist”, with an accompanying medallion and citation. They are also given a financial gratuity with the amount determined by the National Academy.[3] In addition, they are entitled to the same privileges enjoyed by National Artists of the Philippines, which include a monthly life pension, medical and hospitalization benefits, and a place of honor, in line with protocular precedence, at national state functions. They are likewise by law entitled upon death to a state funeral conducted by the National Academy and the Armed Forces of the Philippines,[4] befitting their recognized status as heroes of the Philippines.[5]

List of National Scientists[edit]

25 men and 11 women have been designated as National Scientists. Honorees such as the Ramon Magsaysay Award-winning pediatrician Fé del Mundo, have garnered international recognition as well.

As of July 2011, the National Scientists of the Philippines are:

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Deceased as of December 2007
  2. ^ Posthumous award

References[edit]

  1. ^ Section 2, Pres. Decree No. 1003-A
  2. ^ Executive Order No. 236, s. 2003 Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved 14 April 2013.
  3. ^ a b Section 8, Pres. Decree No. 1003-A
  4. ^ Section 3, Executive Order No. 131 (26 October 1993)
  5. ^ First Whereas Clause, Executive Order No. 131 (26 October 1993)
  6. ^ PNoy confers National Scientist Award to Dr. Santos-Ocampo. Abs-cbnnews.com (2010-06-23). Retrieved on 2012-06-30.
  7. ^ Aquino names economist ‘national scientist’ | Inquirer News. Newsinfo.inquirer.net (2011-07-27). Retrieved on 2012-06-30.
  8. ^ Helen Flores (2011-06-30). Nebres, Fabella named 'national scientists'. Philstar.com. Retrieved on 2012-06-30.

Bibliography[edit]

  • National Scientists of the Philippines (1978–1998). Pasig City, Philippines: Anvil Publishing, Inc. 2000. ISBN 978-9712709326. 

External links[edit]