October 24, 1857|
|Died: March 3, 1894
Willow Springs, Arkansas
|Batted: Right||Threw: Right|
|May 1, 1878 for the Indianapolis Blues|
|Last MLB appearance|
|September 27, 1890 for the Chicago Pirates|
|Runs batted in||667|
|Career highlights and awards|
Edward Nagle "Ned" or "Ed" Williamson (October 24, 1857 – March 3, 1894) was an American Major League Baseball player for 13 seasons from 1878 until 1890. He played for three different teams: the Indianapolis Blues of the National League (NL) for one season, the Chicago White Stockings (NL) for 11 seasons, and the Chicago Pirates of the Players' League for one season.
From 1883 and 1887, Williamson held the single season record for both doubles and home runs. Although his record for doubles was surpassed in 1887, he held the home run record until 1919, when it was topped by Babe Ruth of the Boston Red Sox. Statistically, he was one of the best fielders of his era. During the first eight years of his career, he led the league, at his position, in both fielding percentage and double plays five times, and assists six times. Later, when he moved to shortstop, he again led the league in both assists and double plays.
His career was shortened by a knee injury that he suffered in Paris, France, during a world-tour organized by Albert Spalding. After he left organized baseball, his health declined rapidly. He contracted tuberculosis and ultimately died at the age of 36 of dropsy.
Born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Williamson began his major league career on May 1, 1878 for the Indianapolis Blues of the National League. That season he played in all 63 of the team's games as the starting third baseman, leading the league in that category. He umpired his only game during this season, when, on August 12, he called a game between the Chicago White Stockings and the Providence Grays. His season-ending statistics included a .232 batting average, one home run, and 31 runs scored.
The Blues were only a Major League team for the 1878 season, resulting in Williamson joining the Chicago White Stockings for the 1879 season. He was their regular third baseman, leading the league in multiple fielding categories for his position, including fielding percentage, assists, putouts, and double plays. As a hitter, his numbers improved. He finished second in the league with 13 triples, and eighth in doubles with 20, while also raising his batting average to .294. During the next three seasons, his batting statistics fluctuated from year to year. His batting average rose from .251 in 1880 to .282 in 1882; likewise, his 20 doubles in 1880 were good for seventh in the league, but dropped to 12 in 1881. He followed that season with 27 in 1882, which was fourth in the league. During this time period, when his level of hitting had dropped, his play in the field did not. He led the league in fielding percentage from 1880 to 1882, and in assists in 1881 and 1882.
In 1883, Williamson set the Major League record for doubles in a single season by hitting 49, surpassing King Kelly's 37 set the previous year. Williamson's record for doubles stood until Tip O'Neill of the St. Louis Browns hit 52 in 1887. The high amount of doubles Williamson hit was attributed to the short dimensions of Chicago's Lakeshore Park, whose distances were 186 feet (57 m) in left field, 300 feet (91 m) in center field, and 190 feet (58 m) in right field. Balls that were hit over the fence were counted as doubles until 1884, when they became home runs. On September 6, Chicago scored a record 18 runs in one inning during a 26–6 victory over the Detroit Wolverines. Williamson contributed three hits, and scored three runs in that inning, setting individual records in both categories. Other than runs scored, the other team records set that day included the most hits and total bases in one inning.
During this time period, the establishment of the ground rules of each park, rested with the home team. Cap Anson, the team captain, and on-field manager, decided that in 1884, balls that were hit over the fence were to be home runs. Williamson used these short dimensions, and new ground rules to set the single season home run record by hitting 27 in a 112-game season, surpassing the record of 14 set by Harry Stovey the previous year. Of the 27 home runs he hit that year, 25 of them were hit at home. This record stood for 35 years until it was broken in 1919 by Babe Ruth, who hit 29 for the Boston Red Sox in a 140-game schedule. The first three of Williamson's 27 home runs came on May 30, in the second game of a doubleheader against the Detroit Wolverines. By doing so, Williamson became the first major league baseball player to hit three home runs in one game. During these two record-breaking seasons, his fielding prowess did not recede. He did not lead the league in fielding percentage in either 1883 or 1884, but did lead in assists, capping off a streak of five consecutive years in which he did so, while also leading the league in double plays for the second and third consecutive year.
After the 1884 season, the White Stockings moved to West Side Park, and Williamson's power numbers dropped. Without the short fences, his home run total dropped to three, his doubles went down to 16, and his batting average dropped to .238, his lowest average since he became a White Stocking. Despite his low hitting numbers, he did lead the league in games played with 116, bases on balls with 75, and yet again, led his position in assists, double plays, and for the fifth and last time, fielding percentage. Chicago won the National League championship that season, and agreed to play the American Association champions, the St. Louis Browns in a seven game "World Series". Before game one began, the players of both team held a field day which included contests of skill, and Williamson won the long throw, with a toss that travelled 400 feet, four inches. The 1885 series ended in a tie when each team won three games, and one game ended in a tie. Williamson collected two base hits in 23 at bats, for a .087 batting average, and scored one run.
Beginning in 1886, Williamson switched his fielding position to shortstop, while the Chicago White Stockings again won the National League championship, their fifth in seven years. The team's success did not coincide with Williamson's slide in seasonal numbers. His batting average dropped to his career low of .216, and his strikeouts jumped up to a career high of 71, in 430 at bats, although he did finish third in bases on balls. The White Stockings met the St. Louis Browns following the season and agreed to play a best of seven "World Series" for the second consecutive year. The Browns won the series, four games to two over Chicago, and Williamson's statistics for the series did not improve, in fact, they were worse than in 1885. He gathered one base hit in 18 at bats, for a .056 batting average, and scored two runs.
1887 was Williamson's second season at shortstop, his last full season in the Majors, and his numbers began to climb back to what they were during the early part of his career. His batting average jumped back up to .267, hit 20 doubles, 14 triples, 73 base on balls, and nine home runs. In 1888, his batting average dipped again, this time to .250, but he did finish fourth in the league in both RBIs with 73, and base on balls with 65. In the field, he led the league in assists and double plays.
Spalding's world tour
At the completion of the 1888 baseball season, Albert Spalding organized an around-the-world tour to promote the game of baseball. The two teams Spalding selected were the White Stockings and a collection of players from other National League teams. The tour departed on October 20, 1888 to play exhibition games throughout the western United States for a month, before departing to Hawaii. The tour visited several foreign countries, such as; Australia, Egypt, Ceylon (Sri Lanka), France, Italy, and England. It was during a game played on at the Parc Aristotique in Paris, France on March 8, 1889, when Williamson suffered a torn knee cap which forced him to be bedridden in England on doctor's orders, missing the tour through Britain. Though players in the 19th century were responsible for their own medical care, Williamson asked Spalding to help him financially with the mounting medical costs. Spalding refused, citing that he was not obligated to assist, and Williamson never forgave him for this. Williamson, among his baseball contemporaries, wrote the most colorful articles to newspapers as the tour was unfolding. Williamson, an 1880s teammate of Anson in Chicago, had a knack for roasting—poking fun at—his teammates, while always coming across as good-natured. A testament to the letters' significance is that they are a dominant source of one recent book's World Tour presentation.
Late career and death
The injury to Williamson's knee caused his career to suffer, as he played in 47 games during the 1889 season. He batted .237, and of his 41 hits that season, only five of them were extra base hits. He joined the Chicago Pirates of the Players' League for the 1890 season, his final Major League season, and played in 73 games, while hitting .195.
In Spring 1894, Williamson travelled to Hot Springs, Arkansas in hopes that he could recover from a liver ailment and lose some weight as well, but the treatments did not work. Williamson died on March 3 of that year, at the age of 36 in Willow Springs, Arkansas of dropsy (edema) complicated by consumption (tuberculosis). He is interred in an unmarked grave at Rosehill Cemetery in Chicago, Illinois.
- List of Major League Baseball home run records
- List of Major League Baseball home run champions
- List of Major League Baseball saves champions
- List of Major League Baseball doubles champions
- "Ned Williamson's career statistics". retrosheet.org. Retrieved 2008-10-08.
- "Ned Williamson's career statistics". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-10-08.
- "Ned Williamson's umpire log". retrosheet.org. Retrieved 2008-10-08.
- "Indianapolis Blues 1878 franchise". retrosheet.org. Retrieved 2008-10-08.
- "Progressive Leaders & Records for Doubles". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-10-09.
- Koppett, Leonard; David Koppett (2004). Koppett's Concise History of Major League Baseball. Carroll & Graf Publishers. p. 44. ISBN 0-7867-1286-4.
- Snyder, John (2005). Cubs Journal: Year by Year and Day by Day with the Chicago Cubs Since 1876. Emmis Books. p. 38. ISBN 1-57860-192-4. Retrieved 2008-10-10.
- "Ned Williamson from the Chronology". baseballlibrary.com. 2006. Retrieved 2008-10-09.
- Snyder, John (2005). Cubs Journal: Year by Year and Day by Day with the Chicago Cubs Since 1876. Emmis Books. p. 47. ISBN 0-7867-1286-4. Retrieved 2008-10-10.
- "1885 World Series". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-10-09.
- "Chicago Cubs History & Encyclopedia". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-10-09.
- "1886 World Series". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-10-09.
- McMahon, Bill. "The Biography Project - Albert Spalding". bioproj.sabr.org. Retrieved 2008-10-21.
- Lamster, Mark (2006). Spalding's World Tour. PublicAffairs. p. 228. ISBN 1-58648-311-0. Retrieved 2008-10-21.
- Rosenberg, Howard W. (2006). Cap Anson 4: Bigger Than Babe Ruth: Captain Anson of Chicago. Tile Books. p. 560. ISBN 978-0-9725574-3-6., pp. 168–171, 178–180, 182–186, 188. Besides having Williamson World Tour letter content on 13 pages of its 34 pages devoted to the tour, Cap Anson 4 also contains a 12-page biography of Williamson, focusing on his personality, including his letter-writing talents at other times.
- Lamster, Mark (2006). Spalding's World Tour. PublicAffairs. p. 266. ISBN 1-58648-311-0. Retrieved 2008-10-21.
- "Too Young To Die". thedeadballera.com. Retrieved 2008-10-08.
- Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Baseball-Reference (Minors)
- A Short History of the Single Season Home Run Record
|Single season doubles record holder
|Single season home run record holder