Garland County, Arkansas

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Garland County, Arkansas
Garland County Courthouse 003.jpg
Garland County Courthouse
Map of Arkansas highlighting Garland County
Location in the state of Arkansas
Map of the United States highlighting Arkansas
Arkansas's location in the U.S.
Founded April 5, 1873
Named for Augustus Hill Garland
Seat Hot Springs
Largest city Hot Springs
Area
 • Total 734.57 sq mi (1,903 km2)
 • Land 677.22 sq mi (1,754 km2)
 • Water 57.35 sq mi (149 km2), 7.81%
Population
 • (2010) 96,024
 • Density 142/sq mi (54.74/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Garland County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 96,024. The county seat is Hot Springs.[1] The county is coextensive with the Hot Springs Metropolitan Statistical Area, which includes Hot Springs National Park.

History[edit]

A. Garland

Garland County is Arkansas's 68th county, was formed on April 5, 1873, from portions of Saline County. It was named for Augustus H. Garland, eleventh governor of Arkansas.[2][3]

The first settler was Jean Pierre Emanuel Prudhomme. In 1807, Prudhomme, the sickly owner of a plantation at Red River, heard of the healing hot springs of the Indians. He built the first real settlement by the springs and lived there two years. Isaac Cates and John Percival, two trappers from Alabama, joined him. Cates was mostly concerned with trapping but Percival foresaw a great potential for the area and built log cabins in order to rent to visitors to the springs.[4]

In 1828, Ludovicus Belding came with wife and children to visit the hot springs. After a few months they built a small hotel for the visitors of the springs.[5]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 734.57 square miles (1,902.5 km2), of which 677.22 square miles (1,754.0 km2) (or 92.19%) is land and 57.35 square miles (148.5 km2) (or 7.81%) is water.[6]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 9,023
1890 15,328 69.9%
1900 18,773 22.5%
1910 27,271 45.3%
1920 25,785 −5.4%
1930 36,031 39.7%
1940 41,664 15.6%
1950 47,102 13.1%
1960 46,697 −0.9%
1970 54,131 15.9%
1980 70,531 30.3%
1990 73,397 4.1%
2000 88,068 20.0%
2010 96,024 9.0%
Est. 2012 96,903 0.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
2012 Estimate[8]
Age pyramid Garland County[9]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 88,068 people, 37,813 households, and 25,259 families residing in the county. The population density was 130 people per square mile (50/km²). There were 44,953 housing units at an average density of 66 per square mile (26/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 88.85% White, 7.80% Black or African American, 0.61% Native American, 0.50% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.72% from other races, and 1.49% from two or more races. 2.56% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 37,813 households out of which 25.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.20% were married couples living together, 10.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.20% were non-families. 28.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.78.

In the county the population was spread out with 21.30% under the age of 18, 7.30% from 18 to 24, 25.20% from 25 to 44, 25.10% from 45 to 64, and 21.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 94.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,724, and the median income for a family was $38,079. Males had a median income of $28,117 versus $20,421 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,631. About 10.50% of families and 14.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.70% of those under age 18 and 8.60% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities Towns CDPs Other
community

Townships[edit]

Townships in Garland County, Arkansas as of 2010

Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas and some may have incorporated towns or cities within part of their space. Townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the US Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (often referred to as "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps. The townships of Garland County are listed below with the town(s) and/or city that are fully or partially inside them listed in parentheses. [11][12]

Township FIPS ANSI Code Population
center(s)
Population (2010 census) Population
density
(/mi²)
Population
density
(/km²)
Total area
(mi²)
Total area
(km²)
Land area
(mi²)
Land area
(km²)
Water area
(mi²)
Water area
(km²)
Geographic coordinates
Hale 91581 00066591 Mountain Pine, most of CDP Hot Springs Village, small part of CDP Rockwell 16,142 41.99 16.21 428.979 1,111 384.389 995.6 44.590 115.5 34°38′02″N 93°11′55″W / 34.633909°N 93.198598°W / 34.633909; -93.198598
Hot Springs 91773 00066592 most of Hot Springs 41,479 801.70 309.54 54.073 140.0 51.739 134.0 2.334 6.045 34°29′40″N 93°02′52″W / 34.494338°N 93.047883°W / 34.494338; -93.047883
Lake Hamilton 92100 00066594 CDP Lake Hamilton, most of CDP Rockwell 20,534 260.45 100.56 86.717 224.6 78.839 204.2 7.878 20.40 34°25′52″N 93°05′11″W / 34.431040°N 93.086323°W / 34.431040; -93.086323
Whittington 94047 00066602 Fountain Lake, Lonsdale, CDP Piney, part of CDP Hot Springs Village, small part of Hot Springs 17,599 108.09 41.73 164.852 427.0 162.814 421.7 2.038 5.278 34°34′08″N 92°59′59″W / 34.568990°N 92.999676°W / 34.568990; -92.999676
Source: "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: County Subdivisions in Arkansas". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. 

Source: "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. 

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  2. ^ "Profile for Baxter County, Arkansas, AR". ePodunk. Retrieved August 14, 2012. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 134. 
  4. ^ http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~artttp/garland/index.html
  5. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=eRujhKef6FkC&pg=PA157&lpg=PA157&dq=Ludovicus+Belding+hotel&source=bl&ots=p9UVogLFmZ&sig=xIH7ea5RFqzl9Jif_vOxxoqvHXw&hl=en&sa=X&ei=nJo2UaCnOOPU0gGppoCgBg&ved=0CEQQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=Ludovicus%20Belding%20hotel&f=false
  6. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 6, 2013. 
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 6, 2013. 
  9. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  11. ^ US Census Bureau. 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): Garland County, AR (Map). http://www2.census.gov/geo/pvs/bas/bas11/st05_ar/cou/c05051_garland/BAS11C20505100000_000.pdf. Retrieved 20110814.
  12. ^ http://www.census.gov/geo/www/maps/DC10_GUBlkMap/cousub/dc10blk_st05_cousub.html#G

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°35′01″N 93°07′39″W / 34.58361°N 93.12750°W / 34.58361; -93.12750