Garland County, Arkansas
|Garland County, Arkansas|
Garland County Courthouse
Location in the state of Arkansas
Arkansas's location in the U.S.
|Founded||April 5, 1873|
|Named for||Augustus Hill Garland|
|Largest city||Hot Springs|
|• Total||734.57 sq mi (1,903 km2)|
|• Land||677.22 sq mi (1,754 km2)|
|• Water||57.35 sq mi (149 km2), 7.81%|
|• Density||142/sq mi (54.74/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Garland County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 96,024. The county seat is Hot Springs. The county is coextensive with the Hot Springs Metropolitan Statistical Area, which includes Hot Springs National Park.
The first settler was Jean Pierre Emanuel Prudhomme. In 1807, Prudhomme, the sickly owner of a plantation at Red River, heard of the healing hot springs of the Indians. He built the first real settlement by the springs and lived there two years. Isaac Cates and John Percival, two trappers from Alabama, joined him. Cates was mostly concerned with trapping but Percival foresaw a great potential for the area and built log cabins in order to rent to visitors to the springs.
In 1828, Ludovicus Belding came with wife and children to visit the hot springs. After a few months they built a small hotel for the visitors of the springs.
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 734.57 square miles (1,902.5 km2), of which 677.22 square miles (1,754.0 km2) (or 92.19%) is land and 57.35 square miles (148.5 km2) (or 7.81%) is water.
- Perry County (north)
- Saline County (east)
- Hot Spring County (south)
- Montgomery County (west)
- Yell County (northwest)
National protected areas
As of the census of 2000, there were 88,068 people, 37,813 households, and 25,259 families residing in the county. The population density was 130 people per square mile (50/km²). There were 44,953 housing units at an average density of 66 per square mile (26/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 88.85% White, 7.80% Black or African American, 0.61% Native American, 0.50% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.72% from other races, and 1.49% from two or more races. 2.56% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 37,813 households out of which 25.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.20% were married couples living together, 10.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.20% were non-families. 28.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.78.
In the county the population was spread out with 21.30% under the age of 18, 7.30% from 18 to 24, 25.20% from 25 to 44, 25.10% from 45 to 64, and 21.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 94.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.80 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $31,724, and the median income for a family was $38,079. Males had a median income of $28,117 versus $20,421 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,631. About 10.50% of families and 14.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.70% of those under age 18 and 8.60% of those age 65 or over.
Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas and some may have incorporated towns or cities within part of their space. Townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the US Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (often referred to as "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps. The townships of Garland County are listed below with the town(s) and/or city that are fully or partially inside them listed in parentheses. 
|Population (2010 census)||Population
|Hale||91581||00066591||Mountain Pine, most of CDP Hot Springs Village, small part of CDP Rockwell||16,142||41.99||16.21||428.979||1,111||384.389||995.6||44.590||115.5|
|Hot Springs||91773||00066592||most of Hot Springs||41,479||801.70||309.54||54.073||140.0||51.739||134.0||2.334||6.045|
|Lake Hamilton||92100||00066594||CDP Lake Hamilton, most of CDP Rockwell||20,534||260.45||100.56||86.717||224.6||78.839||204.2||7.878||20.40|
|Whittington||94047||00066602||Fountain Lake, Lonsdale, CDP Piney, part of CDP Hot Springs Village, small part of Hot Springs||17,599||108.09||41.73||164.852||427.0||162.814||421.7||2.038||5.278|
|Source: "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: County Subdivisions in Arkansas". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division.
Source: "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Profile for Baxter County, Arkansas, AR". ePodunk. Retrieved August 14, 2012.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 134.
- "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 6, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 6, 2013.
- Based on 2000 census data
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- US Census Bureau. 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): Garland County, AR (Map). http://www2.census.gov/geo/pvs/bas/bas11/st05_ar/cou/c05051_garland/BAS11C20505100000_000.pdf. Retrieved 20110814.
- Garland County government's website
- Hot Springs, Arkansas Community Guides • What to do and where to find it in Hot Springs, Arkansas.
||Yell County||Perry County|
|Montgomery County||Saline County|
|Hot Spring County|