Neoaves

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Neoavians
Temporal range: Early CretaceousHolocene, 105–0Ma
[1]
Common starling (Sturnus vulgaris)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Clade: Carinatae
Subclass: Neornithes
Infraclass: Neognathae
Superorder: Neoaves
Sibley et al., 1988
Subgroups

Neoaves is a clade that consists of all modern birds (Neornithes or Aves) with the exception of Paleognathae (ratites and kin) and Galloanserae (ducks, chickens and kin). The early diversification of the various neoavian groups occurred very rapidly, and attempts to resolve their relationships with each other have resulted in much controversy.[2][3]

Neoaves

Opisthocomiformes (hoatzin)





Mesitornithidae (mesites)



Pteroclidiformes (sandgrouses)





Phaethontidae (tropicbirds)



Eurypygae (sunbittern, kagu)





Columbiformes (pigeons)



Mirandornithes (flamingos and grebes)




Strisores (hummingbirds, swifts)



Insolitavis


Cuculiformes (cuckoos)



Otididae (bustards)



Gruiformes (rails and cranes)





Musophagidae (turacos)



Aequornithes (loons, penguins, herons, pelicans, storks, etc)




Litoritelluraves

Charadriiformes (shorebirds)


Telluraves
Afroaves

Accipitriformes





Strigiformes (owls)



Coliiformes (mousebirds)



Eucavitaves

Leptosomatiformes (cuckoo roller)


Cavitaves

Trogoniformes (trogons)


Picocoraciae

Bucerotiformes (hornbills, hoopoe and wood hoopoes)




Coraciformes



Piciformes








Australavis

Cariamae (seriemas)


Eufalconimorphae

Falconidae (falcons)


Psittacopasserae

Psittaciformes (parrots)



Passeriformes (songbirds and kin)








Cladogram of modern birds relationships based on Kimball, R.T. et al. (2013)[4] with some clade names after Yury, T. et al. (2013).[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Van Tuinen M. (2009) Birds (Aves). In The Timetree of Life, Hedges SB, Kumar S (eds). Oxford: Oxford University Press; 409–411.
  2. ^ Mayr G. (2011) Metaves, Mirandornithes, Strisores and other novelties - a critical review of the higher-level phylogeny of neornithine birds. J Zool Syst Evol Res. 49:58-76.
  3. ^ Matzke, A. et al. (2012) Retroposon insertion patterns of neoavian birds: strong evidence for an extensive incomplete lineage sorting era Mol. Biol. Evol.
  4. ^ Kimball, R.T. (2013) Identifying localized biases in large datasets: A case study using the Avian Tree of Life. Mol Phylogenet Evol. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2013.05.029
  5. ^ Yuri, T. et al. (2013) Parsimony and Model-Based Analyses of Indels in Avian Nuclear Genes Reveal Congruent and Incongruent Phylogenetic Signals. Biology, 2(1):419-444. doi:10.3390/biology2010419