Neoaves

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Neoavians
Temporal range: Early CretaceousHolocene, 105–0Ma
[1]
Toulouse - Sturnus vulgaris - 2012-02-26 - 3.jpg
Common starling (Sturnus vulgaris)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Clade: Carinatae
Subclass: Neornithes
Infraclass: Neognathae
Superorder: Neoaves
Sibley et al., 1988
Subgroups

Neoaves is a clade that consists of all modern birds (Neornithes or Aves) with the exception of Paleognathae (ratites and kin) and Galloanserae (ducks, chickens and kin). The early diversification of the various neoavian groups occurred very rapidly, and attempts to resolve their relationships with each other have resulted in much controversy.[2][3]

Neoaves
Columbea

Mirandornithes (flamingos and grebes)


Columbimorphae

Columbidae (pigeons)




Mesitornithidae (mesites)



Pteroclididae (sandgrouses)





Passerea


Strisores (hummingbirds, swifts)


Otidimorphae

Cuculidae (cuckoos)




Otididae (bustards)



Musophagidae (turacos)








Opisthocomidae (hoatzin)


Cursorimorphae

Gruiformes (rails and cranes)



Charadriiformes (shorebirds)







Aequornithes (loons, penguins, herons, pelicans, storks, etc)


Phaethontimorphae

Eurypygiformes (sunbittern, kagu)



Phaethontidae (tropicbirds)




Telluraves
Afroaves
Accipitrimorphae

Cathartidae



Accipitriformes





Strigiformes (owls)


Coraciimorphae

Coliidae (mousebirds)


Eucavitaves

Leptosomatidae (cuckoo roller)


Cavitaves

Trogonidae (trogons)


Picocoraciae

Bucerotiformes (hornbills, hoopoe and wood hoopoes)




Coraciformes



Piciformes









Australaves

Cariamidae (seriemas)


Eufalconimorphae

Falconidae (falcons)


Psittacopasserae

Psittaciformes (parrots)



Passeriformes (songbirds and kin)










Cladogram of modern birds relationships based on Jarvis, E.D. et al. (2014)[4] with some clade names after Yury, T. et al. (2013).[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Van Tuinen M. (2009) Birds (Aves). In The Timetree of Life, Hedges SB, Kumar S (eds). Oxford: Oxford University Press; 409–411.
  2. ^ Mayr G. (2011) Metaves, Mirandornithes, Strisores and other novelties - a critical review of the higher-level phylogeny of neornithine birds. J Zool Syst Evol Res. 49:58-76.
  3. ^ Matzke, A. et al. (2012) Retroposon insertion patterns of neoavian birds: strong evidence for an extensive incomplete lineage sorting era Mol. Biol. Evol.
  4. ^ Jarvis, E.D. et al. (2014) Whole-genome analyses resolve early branches in the tree of life of modern birds. Science, 346(6215):1320-1331.
  5. ^ Yuri, T. et al. (2013) Parsimony and Model-Based Analyses of Indels in Avian Nuclear Genes Reveal Congruent and Incongruent Phylogenetic Signals. Biology, 2(1):419-444. doi:10.3390/biology2010419