New Buffalo, Michigan
|New Buffalo, Michigan|
Location of New Buffalo, Michigan
|• Total||2.53 sq mi (6.55 km2)|
|• Land||2.50 sq mi (6.47 km2)|
|• Water||0.03 sq mi (0.08 km2) 1.19%|
|Elevation||640 ft (195 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||1,879|
|• Density||753.2/sq mi (290.8/km2)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0633317|
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.53 square miles (6.55 km2), of which, 2.50 square miles (6.47 km2) is land and 0.03 square miles (0.08 km2) is water. The city is located on Lake Michigan at the mouth of the Galien River. This forms a natural harbor, which is part of the current pleasure-boat harbor drawing summer residents and boaters.
As of the census of 2010, there were 1,883 people, 881 households, and 497 families residing in the city. The population density was 753.2 inhabitants per square mile (290.8 /km2). There were 1,692 housing units at an average density of 676.8 per square mile (261.3 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.4% White, 1.6% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 2.6% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.4% of the population.
There were 881 households of which 21.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.7% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 43.6% were non-families. 38.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.80.
The median age in the city was 48.4 years. 17.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 19.4% were from 25 to 44; 34.9% were from 45 to 64; and 21.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.3% male and 50.7% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,200 people, 947 households, and 603 families residing in the city. The population density was 910.4 per square mile (351.0/km²). There were 1,426 housing units at an average density of 590.1 per square mile (227.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.64% White, 0.41% African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.50% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 1.27% from other races, and 0.91% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.86% of the population.
There were 947 households out of which 24.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.8% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.3% were non-families. 30.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.89.
In the city the population was spread out with 20.8% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 25.2% from 25 to 44, 27.0% from 45 to 64, and 18.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 98.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $41,658, and the median income for a family was $52,639. Males had a median income of $35,076 versus $22,227 for females. The per capita income for the city was $24,440. About 4.3% of families and 6.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.0% of those under age 18 and 4.3% of those age 65 or over.
New Buffalo is a popular resort town due to its location along the Lake Michigan shoreline and its proximity to the Chicago Metropolitan Area. As a result, tourism is the primary industry.
The Four Winds Casino Resort opened on August 2, 2007 and brought more than 2,000 jobs to the New Buffalo area. The casino includes over 3,000 slot machines and 100 gaming tables. The Four Winds will be the main competition for the Blue Chip Casino in Michigan City, Indiana.
Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides six trains per day to New Buffalo at New Buffalo (Amtrak station) with the Blue Water and Wolverine. US 12 and I-94 provide freeway access to Detroit and Chicago. A harbor, both natural and man made, is present at the mouth of the Galien River. This harbor is used by pleasure boats and is accessible to all Lake Michigan ports and beyond, but has little to no commercial traffic other than the occasional charter sailboat.
New Buffalo Area Schools
The New Buffalo Area Schools system is composed of an elementary school, and a joined middle/high school. The New Buffalo Middle/High School, located off of Clay Street, was built in 2001. It has a performing arts center, multiple computer labs, indoor and outdoor running tracks, and is designed symmetrically for the middle and high school sections. The elementary school's gym was also rebuilt.
The Middle/High school also has a "Smart Lab", one of the most sophisticated student labs in the country. At the Smart Lab, students from New Buffalo and neighboring municipalities have access to EKG machines, flight simulators, and video production equipment. In addition, an addition to the Athletic Wing was completed in 2010 with a brand new two-story Weight Room and an Auxiliary Gymnasium.
The New Buffalo High School Bison compete in the Red Arrow Conference in sports. The 1999 Men's Cross Country team won the Class D State title, and the 2005 Men's Baseball team also won the Division IV State title.
Notable summer residents (Past & Present)
- Andrea Barthwell, former deputy drug czar
- Roger Brown, Chicago painter
- Common, Chicago-based rapper
- Laurent Novikoff, ballet master
- Steve Dahl, Chicago radio personality
- Richard M. Daley, former Mayor of Chicago (family estate located outside of town)
- Rahm Emanuel, Mayor of Chicago and former White House Chief of Staff 
- David Axelrod, Senior Advisor to Barack Obama 
- Ronnie James Dio, musician
- Roger Ebert, film critic (nearby)
- Dennis Farina, actor
- Louis Farrakhan, head of the Nation of Islam
- Jonathan Toews, NHL player
- James L. Ziemer, CEO of Harley-Davidson
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-03.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Team Champions | Boys Cross Country | MHSAA Sports
- Yearly Champions | Baseball | MHSAA Sports
- Roger Brown in New Buffalo, Michigan - Roger Brown Resources at SAIC
- New Buffalo: Weather from Answers.com
- New Buffalo, Michigan Golf Courses :: Michiana Golf
- City of New Buffalo, MI Official Website
- New Buffalo Area & Travel Guide
- New Buffalo Business Association
- New Buffalo High School Alumni
- New Buffalo Area Schools
- New Buffalo Railroad Museum