Blue Water (train)

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Blue Water
Amtrak Blue Water.jpg
An Amtrak Blue Water train pulling into the East Lansing station.
Service type Inter-city rail, higher speed rail
Locale Michigan
Predecessor International
First service April 25, 2004
Current operator(s) Amtrak
Ridership 191,106 (FY13)[1]
Start Chicago, Illinois
End Port Huron, Michigan
Distance travelled 319 miles (513 km)
Service frequency Daily
Train number(s) 364, 365
Track gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Track owner(s) CN/GTW, Amtrak, MDOT NS
Route map
0 mi 
0 km 
62 mi 
100 km 
New Buffalo
89 mi 
143 km 
102 mi 
164 km 
138 mi 
222 km 
160 mi 
257 km 
Battle Creek
208 mi 
335 km 
East Lansing
238 mi 
383 km 
256 mi 
412 km 
274 mi 
441 km 
319 mi 
513 km 
Port Huron
Blue Water Limited
Blue Water
Service type Inter-city rail
Locale Michigan
First service September 15, 1974
Last service October 31, 1982
Successor International Limited
Former operator(s) Amtrak
Start Chicago, Illinois
End Port Huron, Michigan
Distance travelled 319 miles (513 km)
Service frequency Daily
Train number(s) 364, 365

The Blue Water, also known as the Blue Water Limited 1975–82, is a higher speed passenger train service operated by Amtrak as part of its Michigan Services. The 319-mile (513 km) line connects Port Huron, Michigan, and Chicago, Illinois, via East Lansing, Michigan.


Main article: Michigan Services

The Lansing area, home of the Michigan state capitol and Michigan State University, was left out of Amtrak's original system. Beginning in 1973, Amtrak and the state discussed restoring service over the Grand Trunk Western Railway within the state, although the new route would join Amtrak's other Michigan trains on the Penn Central west of Battle Creek, Michigan, eschewing the Grand Trunk's traditional route to Chicago. New stations were built in Port Huron and East Lansing, and the state spent $1 million on track rehabilitation. Service began September 15, 1974, between Chicago and Port Huron, with the intention of eventually restoring the Port Huron–Toronto leg.[2]:204-204

Amtrak renamed the train the Blue Water Limited on October 26, 1975, and re-equipped it with French-built Turboliner trainsets on May 20, 1976. The new Turboliners were capable of, but never reached, 125 mph (201 km/h) and ran with fixed five-car consists with an overall capacity of 292 passengers. The Turboliners were withdrawn on October 25, 1981, replaced by conventional locomotives pulling Amfleet coaches.[2]:204; 208


Main article: International Limited

The long-discussed extension to Toronto finally occurred on October 31, 1982. The extended service received the name International Limited, the name of an old Canadian National/Grand Trunk Chicago–Detroit–Montreal train. Amtrak and Via Rail, the state-supported Canadian rail company, jointly operated the International Limited (later just International) until April 25, 2004, when cross-border service was discontinued. Massive border delays post-September 11 led to falling ridership; Amtrak and Michigan agreed to truncate service at Port Huron and bring back the old Blue Water.[2]:207


With a more favorable intrastate schedule and fewer delays, the Blue Water '​s ridership showed immediate improvements, carrying 94,378 passengers in fiscal year 2004 (compared to 80,890 in FY 2003).[2]:208 Blue Water ridership in FY 2011 totaled 187,065, an increase of 18.0 percent from FY 2010's total of 157,709, and the highest total ever recorded by the train.[3] During FY 2011, the train had a total revenue of $5.8 million, a 22.3 percent increase from FY 2010's total of $4.7 million.[3]

Route details[edit]

The Blue Water operates over Norfolk Southern Railway, Amtrak, and Grand Trunk Western Railroad trackage:

Amtrak Blue Water (interactive map)

Station stops[edit]

State Town/City Station Connections
Illinois Chicago Chicago Union Station Amtrak: Capitol Limited, Cardinal, Carl Sandburg, California Zephyr, City of New Orleans, Empire Builder, Hiawatha Service, Hoosier State, Illini, Illinois Zephyr, Lake Shore Limited, Lincoln Service, Pere Marquette, Saluki, Southwest Chief, Texas Eagle, Wolverine, Thruway Motorcoach
CTA Buses: 1, 7, 14, 19, 20, X20, X28, 56, 60, 120, 121, 122, 123, 124, 125, 126, 128, 129, 130, 151, 156, 157, 192
Megabus: M1, M2, M3, M4, M5, M6, M7
Metra: North Central Service, Milwaukee District/North Line, Milwaukee District/West Line, BNSF Railway Line, Heritage Corridor, SouthWest Service
Michigan New Buffalo New Buffalo Amtrak Station Berrien Bus
Niles Niles station Niles Dial-A-Ride (DART)
Dowagiac Dowagiac station Dowagiac Dial-A-Ride (DART)
Kalamazoo Kalamazoo Transportation Center Greyhound
Indian Trails
Metro Transit: 1,2,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15
Battle Creek Battle Creek station Amtrak: Wolverine, Amtrak Thruway Motorcoach
Battle Creek Transit
East Lansing East Lansing station Amtrak: Amtrak Thruway Motorcoach
Indian Trails
Megabus: M1
CATA: Route 20
Durand Durand Union Station Shiawassee Area Transportation Agency
Flint Flint station Amtrak: Amtrak Thruway Motorcoach
Indian Trails
Lapeer Lapeer station Greater Lapeer Transportation Authority (GLTA)
Port Huron Port Huron station Blue Water Area Transit: Route 3, 9

High-speed rail[edit]

The Detroit–Chicago corridor has been designated by the Federal Railroad Administration as a high-speed rail corridor.[5] A 97-mile (156 km) stretch along the route of Blue Water from Porter, Indiana to Kalamazoo, Michigan is the longest segment of track owned by Amtrak outside of the Northeast Corridor.[5] Amtrak began speed increases along this stretch in January 2002. Ultimately, speed increased to 110 mph (180 km/h).[5][6]

Cultural references[edit]

The Blue Water Line was featured in a song by that name written by Dora Graf and Martin Seligson and popularized by The Brothers Four.[7]


Today, a normal Amtrak Blue Water consists of:[8]


Route map: Google / Bing

  1. ^ "Annual Ridership Summary". MDOT Rail Statistics. MDOT. Retrieved 17 October 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d Sanders, Craig (2006). Amtrak in the Heartland. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press. ISBN 0-253-34705-X. OCLC 61499942. 
  3. ^ a b "Amtrak reports record Michigan ridership". The Grand Rapids Press. October 14, 2011. Retrieved October 16, 2011. 
  4. ^ Kalamazoo Gazette file photo (2011-10-11). "Details emerging on MDOT purchase of train track from Kalamazoo to Dearborn". Retrieved 2014-01-26. 
  5. ^ a b c "Amtrak Fact Sheet, Fiscal Year 2005". State of Michigan. Retrieved 2006-10-30. 
  6. ^ "Michigan: Amtrak taking service to new speeds". WNDU-TV. Retrieved 2006-11-01. [dead link]
  7. ^ "The Brothers Four Greatest Hits". Google Music. Retrieved October 25, 2008. 
  8. ^ "Blue Water". TrainWeb. Retrieved October 22, 2010. 

External links[edit]