Interstate 94 in Michigan
I-94 highlighted in red
|Maintained by MDOT|
|Length:||275.398 mi (443.210 km)|
|Existed:||c. 1958 – present|
|Lake Michigan Circle Tour|
|West end:||I-94 near New Buffalo|
I‑196 / US 31 in Benton Harbor
|East end:||Highway 402 at Canadian border on Blue Water Bridge in Port Huron|
|Counties:||Berrien, Van Buren, Kalamazoo, Calhoun, Jackson, Washtenaw, Wayne, Macomb, St. Clair|
Interstate 94 (I-94) is a part of the Interstate Highway System that runs from Billings, Montana, to the Lower Peninsula of the US state of Michigan. In Michigan, it is a state trunkline highway that enters the state south of New Buffalo. It runs east through Detroit to Port Huron before terminating on the Blue Water Bridge at the US–Canadian border.
The first segment of what would later become I-94 within the state, the Willow Run Expressway, was built near Ypsilanti and Belleville in 1941, with an easterly extension to Detroit in 1945. By 1960, the length of I-94 was completed from Detroit to New Buffalo, with subsequent extensions in the 1960s completing the rest of the route. The routing of I-94 is notable for containing the first full freeway-to-freeway interchange in the United States, connecting to the Lodge Freeway (M-10), and for comprising the first complete border-to-border toll-free freeway in the United States.
- 1 Route description
- 2 History
- 3 Exit list
- 4 Related trunklines
- 5 See also
- 6 Notes
- 7 References
- 8 External links
I-94 is listed on the National Highway System (NHS) for its entire length. The NHS is a network of roadways important to the country's economy, defense, and mobility. I-94 carries the Lake Huron Circle Tour in the Port Huron area. Sections through the Detroit area are named the Detroit Industrial and Edsel Ford Freeways. I-94 in the state is either a four- or six-lane freeway for most of its length; one segment in the Detroit area has up to ten lanes total near the airport.
I-94 crosses into Michigan south of New Buffalo and parallels the Lake Michigan shoreline about three miles (4.8 km) inland. The freeway runs northeasterly through rural Michiana farmland in the southwestern corner of the Lower Peninsula. I-94 traverses an area just east of the Warren Dunes State Park as the freeway runs parallel to the Red Arrow Highway. I-94 crosses its companion highway south of St. Joseph; Red Arrow turns northward carrying the business loop for Benton Harbor and St. Joseph. The freeway curves further inland to cross the St. Joseph River near Riverview Park. East of Benton Harbor, I-94 meets the Napier Avenue where US 31 merges onto the freeway. East of the Southwest Michigan Regional Airport, I-94/US 31 meets the southern end of I-196; US 31 departs the I-94 freeway to follow I-196, and I-94 continues its course away from Lake Michigan.
South of Coloma, I-94 turns eastward and roughly follows the Paw Paw River on a course that takes it south of Watervliet and Hartford. Between the latter two cities, the freeway crosses from northeastern Berrien County into western Van Buren County. It curves around and between Lake Cora and Threemile Lake near the junction with the northern end of M-51. About four miles (6.4 km) further east, I-94 crosses M-40 south of Paw Paw. Continuing eastward, I-94 runs south of Mattawan before crossing into western Kalamazoo County.
In Texas Township, the freeway enters the western edges of the Kalamazoo suburbs. South of the campus for Western Michigan University's College of Engineering & Applied Sciences, I-94 intersects US 131 in Portage. That freeway also carries Kalamazoo's business loop northward. Near the Kalamazoo/Battle Creek International Airport, I-94 crosses into the southeastern corner of Kalamazoo before entering Comstock Township. The freeway intersects the eastern end of the business loop at a partial interchange near Morrow Lake in the township. I-94 continues eastward out of the eastern Kalamazoo suburbs. It parallels the Kalamazoo River through the Galesburg area. Before crossing into Calhoun County on the east side of Battle Creek, I-94 has the only driveway on any of Michigan's Interstate Highways for a gate providing access for military vehicles into the Fort Custer Training Center.
I-94 crosses into Calhoun County southwest of the W. K. Kellogg Airport and enters the city of Battle Creek. Immediately east of the county line, the freeway has an interchange with the western end of Battle Creek's business loop. Next to the Lakeview Square Mall, I-94 meets its own auxiliary Interstate in Michigan: I-194. I-94 turns to the northwest to round Beadle Lake, intersecting M-294 before crossing the Kalamazoo River. East of the river crossing, the freeway meets an interchange for M-96, M-311 and the eastern end of the Battle Creek business loop near the FireKeepers Casino in Emmett Township. Turning back eastward, I-94 exits the eastern Battle Creek suburbs and continues to an interchange with I-69 near Marshall; the business loop for Marshall follows I-69 southward.
Into Metro Detroit
Continuing eastward I-94 traverses rural land on the north side of Marshall. The freeway runs north of, and parallel to, the Kalamazoo River through eastern Calhoun County. It angles southeasterly toward Albion before returning to an easterly course on the north side of town. I-94 crosses into western Jackson County before intersecting M-99. From there, it runs generally due east with a jog around Parma on a course to Jackson. West of the Jackson County Airport, the Jackson business loop follows M-60 southward and I-94 travels through the north side of Jackson. North of downtown, US 127 merges in from the north and runs concurrently with I-94 around the city. Southeast of the Michigan State Prison, US 127 departs to the south, and I-94 continues eastward through eastern Jackson County.
The freeway runs north of a racetrack complex in Chelsea next to the M-52 interchange. As I-94 continues easterly, it passes into the western edge of the Ann Arbor area. West of downtown, the M-14 freeway splits off to the northeast, and I-94 turns to the south and southeast to curve around the south side of the city. The freeway passes between the Briarwood Mall and the Ann Arbor Municipal Airport. On the southeastern corner of Ann Arbor, I-94 intersects US 23 and continues around the south side of Ypsilanti. South of that city, the freeway also carries US 12 and crosses the Huron River north of its entry into Ford Lake. I-94 jogs southeasterly around the south side of the Willow Run Airport complex and crosses into Wayne County.
South of Willow Run, I-94 parallels Belleville Lake. East of the lake, it intersects I-275 near the northwest corner of Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport and angles northeasterly through the southwestern Detroit suburbs along the Detroit Industrial Freeway. I-94 passes over the Gateway Bridges over the single-point interchange at US-24/Telegraph Road in Taylor; these bridges were inspired by Super Bowl XL and provide a western gateway to the city. Further east, the freeway intersects M-39 (Southfield Freeway) and passes the Uniroyal Giant Tire in Allen Park. I-94 then turns to the northwest through the Ford River Rouge Complex in Dearborn before turning back easterly on the Edsel Ford Freeway into Detroit.
I-94 crosses Detroit east–west well inland and parallel to the Detroit River. The freeway intersects I-96 (Jeffries Freeway) and M-10 (Lodge Freeway) on the West Side, passing the main campus of Wayne State University before crossing onto the East Side at M-1 (Woodward Avenue). Immediately east of the interchange with I-75 (Chrysler Freeway), I-94 forms the southern border of the Milwaukee Junction district. The Edsel Ford Freeway continues through residential neighborhoods of Detroit's East Side. I-94 turns more northerly, mimicking the shoreline of Lake St. Clair, and exits Detroit for Harper Woods. Just north of the interchange for M-102 (Vernier Road), the freeway crosses 8 Mile Road and enters Macomb County.
North to Canada
Running northward through Macomb County, I-94 meets the eastern end of I-696 (Reuther Freeway) about three miles (4.8 km) north of the county line in St. Clair Shores. The freeway continues to parallel the lakeshore, and travels to the west of Selfridge Air National Guard Base in Harrison Township. I-94 turns back to the northwest at 23 Mile Road at the interchange with M-3 and M-29. North of 26 Mile Road, the freeway exits the northern suburbs and crosses into farmland in The Thumb region.
South of Michigan Meadows Golf Course, I-94 crosses County Line Road and enters St. Clair County. The freeway continues northeasterly as far as Marysville before turning northward near the St. Clair County International Airport. From there, it runs roughly parallel to the St. Clair River. I-94 runs along the western edge of residential areas for Marysville and Port Huron as it continues northward. Immediately west of downtown Port Huron, I-94 intersects with I-69; the two freeways merge and turn first east and then north through an interchange that also features connections to BL I-69.
I-94/I-69 turns back to the east about a mile (1.6 km) north of their confluence to cross the Black River north of downtown. On the eastern bank of the river, there is one final interchange for M-25 and BL I-69/BL I-94 before the freeway reaches the toll and customs plazas for the twin-span Blue Water Bridge. Past these plazas, I-94/I-69 ascends the approach to the bridge which cross the St. Clair River to Point Edward (Sarnia), Ontario. At the international boundary at the center of the river, the I-94 designation jointly terminates with I-69.
The first major overland transportation corridors in the future state of Michigan were the Indian trails. One of these, the St. Joseph Trail, followed the path of the modern I-94. The State Trunkline Highway System was created on May 13, 1913, by an act of the Michigan Legislature; at the time, Division 6 corresponded to the rough path of today's I-94. In 1919, the Michigan State Highway Department (MSHD)[a] signposted the highway system for the first time, and three different highways followed sections of the modern I-69 corridor. The original M-1 ran from the Indiana state line north to Coloma where M-17 connected easterly to Detroit. The third highway was M-19 from Detroit northeast to Port Huron.
On November 11, 1926, the United States Numbered Highway System was approved by the American Association of State Highway Officials (AASHO),[b] and the original route of US 12[c] replaced the highways from the state line northeasterly to Detroit; US 31 overlapped the highway between St. Joseph and Watervliet. The remainder of the future I-94 corridor was served by US 25 between Detroit and Port Huron. The first span of the Blue Water Bridge opened between Port Huron and Point Edward, Ontario, in 1938.
Early conversions to freeways
|Existed:||September 12, 1942–Mid-1956|
The first segments of freeway along the future route of I-94 were added during World War II. Construction on the Willow Run Expressway started in 1941 before the US entered the war. It was opened on September 12, 1942, to provide improved access to Ford's Willow Run bomber plants. The highway was given the M-112 designation at the time. The expressway was extended eastward as the Detroit Industrial Expressway into Detroit; the first section opened in 1943 and the remainder was completed in March 1945. Land acquisition for the Edsel Ford Freeway started in 1945. Originally referred to as the Crosstown Freeway, the freeway became known as the Edsel Ford Freeway following an April 1946 petition. The interchange between the Lodge Freeway and the Edsel Ford Freeway was built 1953 as the first full freeway-to-freeway interchange in the United States. In mid-1956, the M-112 designation was decommissioned and replaced by a rerouted US 12. During the mid-1950s, Detroit Streets and Rails proposed a high-speed rail line in the median of the Willow Run, Detroit Industrial and Edsel Ford freeways; instead of building the rail line, special boarding stations adjacent to dedicated bus lanes in the interchanges along the highway were used.
The first planning maps from 1947 for what later became the Interstate Highway System included a highway along I-94's route in Michigan. This highway was included on the 1955 plan for the "National System of Interstate and Defense Highways" with a proposed spur in the Battle Creek area. The modern I-94 was numbered I-92 between Benton Harbor–St. Joseph and Detroit with I-77 from Detroit to Port Huron in the August 1957 plans.
In April 1958, the MSHD wanted to provide a single number for a more direct routing of a Detroit-to–Chicago freeway; the state proposed rerouting I-94 to replace I-92 in the state, but retained the I-77 designation. On June 27, 1958, AASHO adopted their original numbering plan for Michigan, minus the state's proposed changes. Around the same time, a section of M-146 near Port Huron was converted into an approach freeway for the Blue Water Bridge.
Interstate Highway era
By January 1959, sections of US 12, the Willow Run, Detroit Industrial and Edsel Ford expressways were co-designated as I-94, connecting Ann Arbor to Detroit, along with a bypass of Kalamazoo to Galesburg and a bypass of Jackson. Later that year, additional sections of I-94 were opened, starting with a 10-mile (16 km) section from Hartford to Coloma, then from Paw Paw to Kalamazoo which connected with a segment between Galesburg to Battle Creek. The overall 45-mile (72 km) section from Paw Paw to Battle Creek was dedicated on December 7, 1959. In addition, a new northwest-southeast section of freeway was built east of Ypsilanti to create a more gradual curve in the routing between present-day exits 185 and 186, the original routing of the Willow Run Expressway having followed present-day Wiard Road. Sections of freeway opened in southwestern Michigan in 1960 between the Benton Harbor–St Joseph area and between Jackson and Ann Arbor; the latter was built over existing portions of US 12. In this year Michigan became the first state to complete a border to border toll-free interstate running for 205 miles from Detroit to New Buffalo. A section of 20 miles (32 km) between New Buffalo and Stevensville opened in 1961.
In the beginning of 1962, the US 12 designation was removed from the I-94 freeway. In the process, the designation was transferred to replace the US 112 designation in its entirety. After this transfer, I-94 was no longer concurrent with US 12, except for the Ypsilanti bypass. In 1963 the freeway was extended south of New Buffalo. The freeway ended at M-239. Traffic was diverted down M-239 into Indiana where SR 39 carried traffic the rest of the way to the Indiana Toll Road. A section in the Detroit area between Marysville and Mt. Clemens was also completed. US 25 was used to connect the gap in the freeway between Detroit and Mt. Clemens.
The sections originally designated as the Willow Run Expressway were rebuilt from Rawsonville Road in Belleville to Ozga Road in Romulus starting in 1972. As part of this reconstruction, the segment between Haggerty Road and Ozga Road was widened from four to six lanes, and the eastbound lanes were realigned to facilitate construction of an interchange with Interstate 275, a western bypass of Detroit which was under construction at the time. The Willow Run segment was also resurfaced at this point, as the old road bed did not contain steel mesh. Construction of this interchange also obliterated a partial interchange with Huron River Drive.
On August 16, 1987, Northwest Airlines Flight 255 crashed after attempting to take off from Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County International Airport, killing all but one passenger, Cecilia Cichan, upon exploding at an overpass at Middlebelt Road.
In the 1990s, the Michigan Department of Transportation implemented an "emergency Interstate" system along roads paralleling I-94.
On July 1997, the second span of the Blue Water Bridge opened between Port Huron and Sarnia, Ontario.
The interchange with US 24 (Telegraph Road) had only two bridges and left hand exits were used throughout. This interchange was reconfigured in 2005 to a single-point urban interchange (SPUI) design that was completed in December of that year. A pair of bridges called the Gateway Arch Bridges (alternately "Gateway to Detroit") was incorporated in the new interchange.
In June 2012, after a resolution passed by the Michigan Legislature was signed by Gov. Rick Snyder, a portion of I-94 in Taylor between Inkster Road and Pelham Road was named "Auxiliary Lt. Dan Kromer Memorial Highway" after a 20-year veteran of the Taylor Police Department, who was killed in 2010 while helping motorists who had car trouble.
In 2011, construction was started to widen I-94/I-69 approaching the Blue Water Bridge allowing for dedicated lanes for local traffic and for Blue Water Bridge traffic. The lane configuration changes have confused drivers in the area, especially motorists with outdated GPS devices. So MDOT installed updated signs complete with American and Canadian flags to help prevent drivers from heading to Canada by mistake.
In late 2013, construction began to reconstruct and reconfigure the I-94/I-69 interchange. The project will improve 3.7 miles (6.0 km) of freeway, replace several bridges and ramps and cost $76 million. In June 2014, MDOT closed the ramps from I-69 eastbound to BL I-69 through the interchange until later in the year. The project is slated to be completed in 2015.
|Berrien||New Buffalo Township||0.000||0.000||I-94 west – Gary, Chicago||Indiana state line|
|1.446||2.327||1||M‑239 south (La Porte Road) – New Buffalo||Northern terminus of M-239|
|4||US 12 / LMCT – Three Oaks, Niles, New Buffalo||Signed as exits 4A (east) and 4B (west); Three Oaks signed eastbound only; western end of LMCT concurrency|
|New Buffalo–Chikaming township line||6.232||10.029||6||Union Pier|
|Stevensville||21.521||34.635||22||John Beers Road – Stevensville||Stevensville signed eastbound only|
|Lincoln Charter Township||23.358||37.591||23||BL I‑94 east (Red Arrow Highway) / LMCT – St. Joseph, Benton Harbor, Stevensville||Eastern end of LMCT concurrency; BL I-94, Benton Harbor, and St. Joseph signed eastbound only; Stevensville and Red Arrow Highway signed westbound only; western terminus of BL I-94|
|St. Joseph Township||26.957||43.383||27||M‑63 (Niles Avenue)|
|Benton Charter Township||28.253||45.469||28||M‑139 (Scottdale Road)|
|30.408||48.937||30||US 31 south (Napier Avenue)||Western end of US 31 concurrency|
|32.592||52.452||33||BL I‑94 – Downtown Benton Harbor, St. Joseph||No eastbound exit; eastern terminus of BL I-94|
|34||I‑196 north / US 31 north – South Haven, Holland, Grand Rapids||Eastern end of US 31 concurrency; southern terminus of I-196|
|Coloma Township||38.528||62.005||39||Millburg, Coloma|
|Watervliet Township||40.762||65.600||41||M‑140 – Watervliet, Niles|
|Van Buren||Hartford Township||45.763||73.648||46||Hartford|
|Paw Paw Township||56.281||90.575||56||M‑51 – Decatur, Dowagiac||Northern terminus of M-51|
|Paw Paw||59.958||96.493||60||M‑40 – Paw Paw, Lawton|
|Kalamazoo||Texas Township||71.592||115.216||72||9th Street – Oshtemo|
|74||US 131 / BL I‑94 east – Kalamazoo, Grand Rapids, Three Rivers||Signed as exits 74A (south, US 131) and 74B (north, US 131/BL I-94); BL I-94 and Kalamazoo signed eastbound only; western terminus of BL I-94|
|Kalamazoo||77.753||125.131||78||Portage Road, Kilgore Road|
|Kalamazoo–Comstock Township line||79.576||128.065||80||Sprinkle Road, Cork Street|
|Comstock Township||80.911||130.214||81||BL I‑94 west – Downtown Kalamazoo||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance; eastern terminus of BL I-94|
|85.103||136.960||85||35th Street – Augusta, Galesburg||Galesburg and Augusta signed eastbound only|
|Charleston Township||87.945||141.534||88||Climax, Galesburg||Climax signed eastbound only; Galesburg signed westbound only|
|91.887||147.878||Access Gate to Fort Custer Training Center||At-grade intersection for military vehicles only; only driveway on an Interstate Highway in Michigan|
|Calhoun||Battle Creek||92.055||148.148||92||BL I‑94 east / M‑37 – Springfield, Battle Creek, Augusta, Climax||BL I-94, Battle Creek, and Springfield signed eastbound only; Augusta and Climax signed westbound only; western terminus of BL I-94; southern terminus of M-37|
|95.082||153.020||95||Helmer Road – Springfield|
|Battle Creek–Emmett Charter Township line||98.239–
|98||I‑194 north / M‑66 – Sturgis, Downtown Battle Creek||Signed as exits 98A (south, M-66) and 98B (north, I-194/M-66); southern terminus of I-194|
|Emmett Charter Township||99.748||160.529||100||M‑294 (Beadle Lake Road)||Southern terminus of M-294|
|103.629||166.775||103||Michigan Avenue||Partial interchange which had directly served Michigan Avenue with westbound exit to westbound Michigan Avenue and eastbound entrance to eastbound I-94 only; permanently closed in 2009|
|103.829||167.097||104||To BL I‑94 west / M‑96 (Michigan Avenue) / 11 Mile Road||Signs eastbound omit BL I-94; eastern terminus of BL I-94; northern terminus of M-311|
|108||I‑69 – Ft. Wayne, Lansing||Western terminus of BL I-94|
|Marshall||109.879||176.833||110||Old 27||Former US 27|
|Marengo Township||111.997||180.242||112||BL I‑94 west (Partello Road) – Marshall||Signs eastbound omit BL I-94; signs westbound omit Partello Road; eastern terminus of BL I-94|
|115.359||185.652||115||221⁄2 Mile Road|
|Sheridan Township||118.552||190.791||119||M‑199 (26 Mile Road)||Western terminus of M-199|
|Albion||121.364||195.316||121||BL I‑94 east (28 Mile Road) – Albion||Signs westbound omit BL I-94; western terminus of BL I-94|
|Jackson||Parma Township||123.830||199.285||124||BL I‑94 west / M‑99 – Albion, Eaton Rapids||Signs eastbound omit BL I-94; eastern terminus of BL I-94|
|Parma–Sandstone township line||128.417||206.667||128||Michigan Avenue|
|Sandstone Township||129.498||208.407||130||Parma Road|
|132.633||213.452||133||Dearing Road – Spring Arbor||Spring Arbor signed eastbound only|
|136||M‑60 west / BL I‑94 east – Jackson, Spring Arbor||Signs westbound omit Jackson; signs eastbound omit Spring Arbor; western terminus of BL I-94; eastern terminus of M-60|
|138.393||222.722||138||US 127 north / M‑50 – Lansing, Jackson||Western end of US 127 concurrency; western terminus of BUS US 127|
|139.589||224.647||139||M‑106 (Cooper Street) – Downtown Jackson|
|142||US 127 south – Hudson||Eastern end of US 127 concurrency|
|143.849||231.503||144||BL I‑94 west – Jackson||Partial interchange that had served Ann Arbor Road with westbound exit and eastbound entrance; exit removed in 2012|
|144.537||232.610||145||BL I‑94 west / Sargent Road – Jackson||Signs eastbound omit BL I-94 and Jackson; eastern terminus of BL I-94|
|Grass Lake Township||150.061||241.500||150||Mt. Hope Road – Grass Lake|
|153.157||246.482||153||Clear Lake Road|
|Washtenaw||Sylvan Township||155.822||250.771||156||Kalmbach Road|
|157.237||253.048||157||Old US 12, Pierce Road|
|Chelsea||159.410||256.546||159||M‑52 – Chelsea, Manchester|
|Lima Township||162.139||260.937||162||Old US 12, Jackson Road|
|Scio Township||167.072||268.876||167||Baker Road – Dexter|
|171.001||275.199||171||M‑14 east – Plymouth||Eastbound exit and westbound entrance; western terminus of M-14|
|Ann Arbor||172.168||277.078||172||BL I‑94 east (Jackson Avenue) – Ann Arbor||Signs westbound omit BL I-94; western terminus of BL I-94; no access from eastbound I-94 to westbound Jackson Avenue|
|175.081||281.766||175||Ann Arbor–Saline Road|
|180||US 23 / BL I‑94 west – Ann Arbor, Flint, Toledo||Signed as exits 180A (south, US 23) and 180B (north, US 23/BL I-94); signs eastbound omit BL I-94; eastern terminus of BL I-94; eastbound exit uses collector-distributor lanes; Flint signed eastbound only, Ann Arbor signed westbound only|
|179.792||289.347||—||US 23 (Carpenter Road)||Original routing of US 23; was a four-ramp partial cloverleaf interchange that was obliterated when current US 23 exit was built in 1962|
|181.265||291.718||181||US 12 west (Michigan Avenue) – Saline, Ypsilanti||Western end of US 12 concurrency; signed as exits 181A (west) and 181B (east) westbound; Ypsilanti signed eastbound only, Saline signed westbound only|
BUS US 12 east (Huron Street) – Downtown Ypsilanti
|Western terminus of BUS US 12|
|183.986||296.097||184||Grove Street||Exit was removed in 1967; was a complete interchange with westbound access via right-in/right-out to Emerick Street|
|Ypsilanti Township||185.023||297.766||185||US 12 east (Michigan Avenue) – Willow Run Airport||Eastern end of US 12 concurrency; eastbound exit and westbound entrance|
|186.227||299.703||186||Willow Run Airport||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance|
|Wayne||Van Buren Township||190.240||306.162||190||Belleville Road – Belleville|
|192.572||309.915||192||Haggerty Road||West access to Lower Huron Metropark|
|193.368||311.196||193||Huron River Drive||Exit removed in 1973; was an eastbound exit and westbound entrance via Northline Road|
|194||I‑275 – Flint, Toledo||Signed as exits 194A (south) and 194B (north) eastbound; westbound exit uses collector-distributor lane|
|195.434||314.521||196||Wayne Road – Wayne|
|197.804||318.335||198||Merriman Road – Detroit Metro Airport||Collector-distributor lanes connect with exit 199; signed as exits 198A (Metro Airport) and 198B (Merriman Road north) eastbound|
|198.548||319.532||199||Middle Belt Road||Connected to exit 198|
|Taylor||200.317||322.379||200||Ecorse Road – Inkster||Directional access from I-94 to Ecorse Road (eastbound to eastbound and westbound to westbound only); Inkster signed westbound only|
|202.002||325.091||202||US 24 (Telegraph Road)|
|204||M‑39 (Southfield Freeway) / Pelham Road|
|206.398||332.165||206||Oakwood Boulevard||Signed as exits 206A (south) and 206B (north) westbound|
|208||Schaefer Road, Greenfield Road||Eastbound exit to Greenfield Road and westbound entrance from southbound Greenfield Road only; Schaefer Road access via trumpet interchange with unnamed road to Ford River Rouge Complex and partial cloverleaf interchange to Schaefer and Butler roads|
|208.882||336.163||209||Rotunda Drive||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance|
|209.795||337.632||210A||US 12 (Michigan Avenue) / Wyoming Avenue – Dearborn||Signed as exit 210 eastbound; no westbound exit to Wyoming Avenue; access from Wyoming Avenue to eastbound I-94 at exit 210B|
|210B||M‑153 (Ford Road) / Addison Avenue||Westbound exit via Addison and McGraw avenues; eastbound entrance via Weir Street|
|210.669||339.039||211A||Lonyo Avenue||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance|
|211.268||340.003||211B||Central Avenue, Cecil Avenue||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance; service drives connect to Central Avenue|
|211.793||340.848||212A||Livernois Avenue||Signed as exit 212 westbound|
|212.597||342.142||212B||Warren Avenue||Westbound exit is via exit 213A|
|213A||West Grand Boulevard||No westbound entrance; no trucks permitted on eastbound exit|
|213B||I‑96 (Jeffries Freeway) – Lansing, Bridge to Canada|
|214A||Linwood Avenue, Grand River Avenue||Signed as exit 214 westbound; second eastbound entrance from 14th Street; signs eastbound omit Linwood Avenue|
|214.414||345.066||214B||Trumbull Avenue||Eastbound exit and westbound entrance|
|215||M‑10 (Lodge Freeway) – Downtown Detroit, Southfield||Signed as exits 215A (south) and 215B (north)|
|215C||M‑1 (Woodward Avenue) / John R. Street / Brush Street|
|216A||I‑75 (Chrysler Freeway) – Flint, Toledo|
|216.013||347.639||216B||Russell Street||Eastbound exit only|
|216.603||348.589||217A||Chene Street, East Grand Boulevard||No westbound exit or access from southbound East Grand Boulevard to westbound I-94; westbound access to East Grand Boulevard northbound only at exit 217B|
|217.333||349.764||217B||Mount Elliott Avenue||Signed as exit 217 (Mount Elliott Avenue, East Grand Boulevard) westbound|
|218.226||351.201||218||M‑53 (Van Dyke Avenue)|
|219.016||352.472||219||M‑3 (Gratiot Avenue)|
|219.560||353.348||220A||French Road||No westbound exit|
|220B||Conner Avenue – Detroit City Airport||No access from northbound Conner Avenue to westbound I-94|
|222A||Outer Drive, Chalmers Avenue|
|222.292||357.744||222B||Harper Avenue||Eastbound exit and westbound entrance|
|Harper Woods||224.430||361.185||224B||Allard Avenue, Eastwood Drive||No entrances to I-94; signs eastbound omit Eastwood Drive|
|225||M‑102 (8 Mile Road, Vernier Road)||Eastern terminus of M-102; additional westbound entrance from southbound Harper Avenue|
|Macomb||Eastpointe–St. Clair Shores city line||226.893||365.149||227||9 Mile Road|
|Eastpointe–Roseville–St. Clair Shores city tripoint||227.967||366.877||228||10 Mile Road|
|Roseville–St. Clair Shores city line||228.742–
|229||I‑696 west (Walter P. Reuther Freeway) / 11 Mile Road – Lansing||Eastern terminus of I-696|
|230.014||370.172||230||12 Mile Road|
|Roseville||230.890||371.581||231||M‑3 (Gratiot Avenue)||Eastbound exit and westbound entrance|
|231.354||372.328||232||Little Mack Avenue|
|Clinton Charter Township||234.209||376.923||234||Harper Avenue||Signed as exits 234A (south) and 234B (north)|
|Harrison Township||234.873||377.991||235||Shook Road||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance|
|Mt. Clemens||237.266||381.843||237||North River Road – Mt. Clemens|
|Harrison–Chesterfield township line||240.027–
|240||M‑59 – Selfridge ANGB, Utica||Signed as exits 240A (east) and 240B (west) eastbound; eastern terminus of M-59; roadway continues beyond terminus as William P. Rosso Highway|
|Chesterfield Township||241.193||388.163||241||21 Mile Road|
|243.453||391.800||243|| M‑3 south – Utica
M‑29 north – Algonac, New Baltimore
|Northern terminus of M-3; southern terminus of M-29; signs eastbound omit M-3 and Utica; signs westbound omit Algonac|
|246.737||397.085||247||M‑19 north – Richmond, New Haven||Eastbound exit and westbound entrance; southern terminus of M-19|
|Lenox Township||248.118||399.307||248||26 Mile Road – Marine City|
|St. Clair||Casco–Columbus township line||257.185||413.899||257||Richmond, St. Clair||Signs eastbound omit Richmond|
|St. Clair Township||262.131||421.859||262||Wadhams Road|
|Kimball Township||266.330||428.617||266||BL I‑94 east (Gratiot Road) – Marysville||Signs westbound omit BL I-94; western terminus of BL I-94|
|Kimball–Port Huron township line||269.525||433.758||269||Range Road, Dove Street||Signs westbound omit Dove Street|
|Port Huron Township||271.271–
|271||I‑69 west – Flint||Western end of I-69 concurrency|
|271.529||436.984||BL I‑69 east – Port Huron||Eastbound exit and westbound entrance; western terminus of BL I-69|
|273.826||440.680||274||Water Street, Lapeer Avenue – Port Huron||Signed as 274A (Lapeer Avenue) and 274B (Water Street) eastbound; indirect access to Lapeer Avenue via Lapeer Connector (former M-146)|
|Port Huron||275.102||442.734||275||BL I‑69 west / BL I‑94 west / M‑25 (Pine Grove Avenue) – Lexington, Downtown Port Huron||Eastbound last exit before Canada; eastern terminus of BL I-69/BL I-94; southern terminus of M-25; signs eastbound omit BL I-69/BL I-94; eastbound exit connected to exit 274|
|274.770||442.199||Toll Plaza (eastbound)
U.S. Customs (westbound)
|St. Clair River||275.304–
|Blue Water Bridge (tolled)
Connection to Highway 402 in Sarnia, Ontario
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
There are nine highways related to I-94 in Michigan. The first is the spur into downtown Battle Creek numbered I-194 and nicknamed "The Penetrator" and officially called the "Sojourner Truth Downtown Parkway". This auxiliary Interstate Highway runs for about three miles (4.8 km) to connect I-94 northward into downtown. The other eight highways are business loops of I-94 that connect various cities' downtowns with the main freeway. Unlike I-194, these loops are not freeways. Located from west to east along I-94's routing in Michigan, they serve Benton Harbor–St. Joseph, Kalamazoo, Interstate 94 Business, Marshall, Albion, Jackson, Ann Arbor, and Port Huron.
- The Michigan State Highway Department was reorganized into the Michigan Department of State Highways and Transportation on August 23, 1973. The name was shortened to its current form in 1978.
- AASHO was renamed the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) on November 11, 1973.
- At the time the United States Numbered Highway System was created, the highway along the modern US 12 through Coldwater and Ypsilanti to Detroit was numbered US 112.
- Michigan Department of Transportation (2009). MDOT Physical Reference Finder Application (Map). Cartography by Michigan Center for Geographic Information. http://www.mcgi.state.mi.us/prfinder/. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
- Michigan Department of Transportation (April 23, 2006) (PDF). National Highway System, Michigan (Map). http://www.michigan.gov/documents/MDOT_NHS_Statewide_150626_7.pdf. Retrieved October 7, 2008.
- Natzke, Stefan; Neathery, Mike & Adderly, Kevin (June 20, 2012). "What is the National Highway System?". National Highway System. Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved July 1, 2012.
- Michigan Department of Transportation (2013). State Transportation Map (Map). 1 in:15 mi / 1 cm:9 km.
- Google Inc. "Overview Map of Interstate 94 in Michigan". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. https://maps.google.com/maps?saddr=I-94+E&daddr=42.2917546,-84.2492662+to:42.224152,-83.640972+to:Bluewater+Bridge+E&hl=en&sll=42.474629,-82.793312&sspn=0.252214,0.220757&geocode=FdQ0fQIdMknU-g%3BFSpShQIdTnX6-ilF2cV7M9Y8iDFbHmWyqeh3Ig%3BFRhKhAIddL0D-ynHvpo8hKg8iDE3wu3jEzreWA%3BFcYakAIdoFAW-w&t=h&mra=ls&via=1,2&z=7. Retrieved August 20, 2013.
- Staff. "Road & Highway Facts". History & Culture. Michigan Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 20, 2013.
- Strong, Michael (October 24, 2005). "Detroit Builds Gateway Link Inspired by Super Bowl". Engineering News-Record. Retrieved August 20, 2013.
- Morrison, p. 1.
- Mason, p. 18.
- Michigan Legislature, p. 1868
- Kulsea, p. 27.
- Kulsea, pp. 30–1.
- "Michigan May Do Well Following Wisconsin's Road Marking System". The Grand Rapids Press. September 20, 1919. p. 10. OCLC 9975013.
- Michigan State Highway Department (July 1, 1919). State of Michigan: Lower Peninsula (Map). Cartography by MSHD.
- Weingroff, Richard F. (January 9, 2009). "From Names to Numbers: The Origins of the U.S. Numbered Highway System". Highway History. Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved April 21, 2009.
- Staff (December 4, 2012). "November 13". Highway History. Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved August 18, 2013.
- Michigan State Highway Department (December 1, 1926). Official Highway Service Map (Map). Cartography by MSHD.
- Hyde, p. 109.
- Michigan State Highway Department (April 15, 1956). 1956 Official Highway Map (Map).
- Michigan State Highway Department (October 1, 1956). 1956 Official Highway Map (Map).
- "Aging Willow Run Expressway Has Served Michigan Well". The Ann Arbor News. July 15, 1972. p. 12. OCLC 9497417.
- Michigan State Highway Department (June 1, 1943). 1943 Official Michigan Highway Map (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally (Summer ed.).
- Staff. "US 12 (Michigan Avenue)–I-94". Michigan's Historic Bridges. Michigan Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 20, 2013.
- Naber, MaryAnn. "Final List of Nationally and Exceptionally Significant Features of the Federal Interstate Highway System". Historic Preservation: Interstate Highway System. Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved July 6, 2006.
- Brown, Bernice. "Edsel Ford Expressway". Encyclopedia of Detroit. Detroit Historical Society. Retrieved August 21, 2013.
- Public Roads Administration (August 2, 1947). National System of Interstate Highways (Map). Cartography by PRA. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Interstate_Highway_plan_August_2,_1947_big_text.jpg. Retrieved September 4, 2010.
- Public Roads Administration (September 1955). General Location of National System of Interstate Highways Including All Additional Routes at Urban Areas Designated in September 1955 (Map). Cartography by PRA. National System of Interstate and Defense Highways inset. OCLC 416597. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Interstate_Highway_plan_September_1955.jpg.
- Public Roads Administration (August 2, 1947). National System of Interstate Highways (Map). Cartography by PRA. http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/infrastructure/fairbank17.cfm. Retrieved May 10, 2008.
- Staff (April 25, 1958). "Recommended Numbering: Interstate Highways in Michigan". Michigan State Highway Department. Archived from the original on November 21, 2003. Retrieved May 10, 2008.
- American Association of State Highway Officials (June 27, 1958). Official Route Numbering for the National System of Interstate and Defense Highways (Map). Cartography by AASHO. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Interstate_Highway_plan_June_27,_1958.jpg. Retrieved May 10, 2008.
- Michigan State Highway Department (1958). Official Highway Map (Map). Cartography by MSHD. Port Huron inset. (Includes all changes through July 1, 1958)
- Michigan State Highway Department (1960). Official Highway Map (Map). Cartography by MSHD. Port Huron inset. (Includes all changes through July 1, 1960)
- "Temporary Double Signs for Highway". The News-Palladium (Benton Harbor, MI). Section 2, p. 1.
- "Marshall Area Chronology for 1959". Marshall Evening Chronicle. pp. 4–5. Retrieved August 21, 2013.
- Michigan State Highway Department (1960). Official Highway Map (Map). Cartography by MSHD. Metro Detroit inset.
- Michigan State Highway Department (1958). Official Highway Map (Map). Cartography by MSHD. Metro Detroit inset.
- Staff. "1960s". History & Culture. Michigan Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 20, 2013.
- "Railroad Once Crossed I-94". Albion Morning Star. July 27, 2008. Retrieved August 9, 2014.
- "Aging Willow Run Expressway Has Served Michigan Well". Ann Arbor News. July 15, 1972.
- American Automobile Association (October 1971). AAA Detroit Southern Suburbs (Map). Cartography by AAA. Telegraph Road Interchange inset. http://webonastick.com/maps/1971-detroit-suburbs-aaa/1-300dpi.jpg.
- Staff. "Single-Point Urban Interchange (SPUI)". Michigan Department of Transportation. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved June 2, 2014.
- "I-94 Bridge Builders Go by the Playbook". Detroit Free Press. September 28, 2005.
- Abdalla, Hiba & Benesch, Alfred (February 28, 2014). "Case Study: Designing Michigan's I-94 Gateway Arch Bridges". LUSAS Bridge. Retrieved June 2, 2014.
- Staff (June 29, 2012). "Snyder Signs Bills To Commit Dollars to Infrastructure" (Press release). Office of the Governor. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
- Helms, Matt (February 17, 2011). "$90M Upgrade Coming to I-94/I-69 in Port Huron Area". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved August 19, 2013.
- Morosi, Rob. "Seeing is believing on I-94". Michigan Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 21, 2013.
- LeBlanc, Beth (June 3, 2013). "New MDOT Freeway Fix Shakes up Neighbors: Rumble Strips To Alert Drivers Irritate Families". The Times Herald (Port Huron). Retrieved August 19, 2013.
- LeBlanc, Beth (June 26, 2014). "Construction Will Close Eastbound I-69 Exit". The Times Herald (Port Huron, MI). Archived from the original on July 14, 2014. Retrieved July 13, 2014.
- "I-94 interchange closes Monday". Battle Creek Enquirer. April 24, 2009. OCLC 33956507. Retrieved April 24, 2009.[dead link]
- "I -94, Sargent Road Interchange Reconstruction" (PDF). Michigan Department of Transportation. Retrieved October 26, 2012.
- Arend, Kari (October 21, 2012). "Continuous Single-Lane Closure on I-94 at Sargent Road in Jackson to start Oct. 21" (Press release). Michigan Department of Transportation. Retrieved October 26, 2012.
- Michigan State Highway Department (1958). Official Highway Map (Map). 1 in:4 mi. Cartography by MSHD. Metro Detroit inset.
- Michigan State Highway Department (1962). Official Highway Map (Map). Section M12.
- Michigan State Highway Department (1963). Official Highway Map (Map). Section M12.
- Michigan Department of State Highways (1967). Official Highway Map (Map). Not to scale. Cartography by MDSH. Michigan Freeways inset.
- Michigan Department of State Highways (1968). Official Highway Map (Map). 1 im:2.5 mi. Cartography by MDSH. Detroit and Vicinity inset.
- Michigan Department of State Highways (1973). Official Highway Map (Map). 1 in:2.5 mi to scale. Cartography by MDSH. Detroit and Vicinity inset.
- Michigan Department of State Highways and Transportation (1974). Official Transportation Map (Map). 1 im:2.5 mi. Cartography by MDSHT. Detroit and Vicinity inset.
- Vander Meer, John J. (March 18, 2002). "Penetrator To Get $1.6M Face-Lift". Battle Creek Enquirer. pp. 1A, 7A. OCLC 33956507.
- Barnett, LeRoy (2004). A Drive Down Memory Lane: The Named State and Federal Highways of Michigan. Allegan Forest, MI: Priscilla Press. p. 201. ISBN 1-886167-24-9.
- Barnett, LeRoy (2004). A Drive Down Memory Lane: The Named State and Federal Highways of Michigan. Allegan Forest, MI: The Priscilla Press. ISBN 1-886167-24-9.
- Hyde, Charles K. (1993). Historic Highway Bridges of Michigan. Detroit: Wayne State University Press. ISBN 0-8143-2448-7.
- Kulsea, Bill & Shawver, Tom (1980). Making Michigan Move: A History of Michigan Highways and the Michigan Department of Transportation. Lansing, MI: Michigan Department of Transportation. OCLC 8169232.
- Mason, Philip P. (1959). Michigan Highways From Indian Trails to Expressways. Ann Arbor, MI: Braun-Brumfield. OCLC 23314983.
- Michigan Legislature (1915). "Chapter 91: State Reward Trunk Line Highways". In Shields, Edmund C.; Black, Cyrenius P. & Broomfield, Archibald. The Compiled Laws of the State of Michigan, Volume I. Lansing, MI: Wynkoop, Hallenbeck, Crawford. pp. 1868–72. OCLC 44724558. Retrieved January 24, 2012.
- Morrison, Roger L. (Autumn 1937). "The History and Development of Michigan Highways". Michigan Alumnus Quarterly Review (Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Bureau of Alumni Relations) 39 (54): 59–73. OCLC 698029175.
- Geographic data related to I-94 in Michigan at OpenStreetMap
- I-94 at Michigan Highways
- I-94 at Michigan Highway Ends
- M-112 at Michigan Highways
- Early Willow Run, Detroit Industrial & Edsel Ford Expressways at Michigan Highways
- Historic Bridge Listings