Interstate 94 in Michigan
|Edsel Ford Freeway|
I-94 highlighted in red
|Maintained by MDOT|
|Length:||275.39 mi (443.20 km)|
|Existed:||c. 1958 – present|
|Lake Michigan Circle Tour|
|West end:||I-94 near New Buffalo|
|I-69 in Port Huron|
|East end:||Highway 402 at Canadian border on Blue Water Bridge in Port Huron|
Interstate 94 (I-94) is a part of the Interstate Highway System that runs from Billings, Montana, to the Lower Peninsula of the US state of Michigan. In Michigan, it is a state trunkline highway that enters the state south of New Buffalo. It runs east through Detroit to Port Huron before terminating on the Blue Water Bridge at the US–Canadian border.
Route description 
I-94 enters Michigan and parallels Lake Michigan up to St. Joseph before turning east. It then passes Kalamazoo, Battle Creek, Jackson and Ann Arbor before entering Detroit. It exits Detroit to the northeast, meets I-69 at Port Huron. Both routes end on Blue Water Bridge at Ontario Highway 402.
Lane configurations 
- Between Interstate 196 and Indiana state line (3 lanes on each side — a 4th lane was added westbound in 2006 between Exit 30 and Exit 29
- Between just west of Exit 74 (US 131) and Exit 34 (Interstate 196) (2 lanes on each side)
- Between Exit 78 (Portage/Kilgore Rd.) and just west of Exit 74 (US-131)(3 lanes on each side)
- Between just west of Exit 167 (Baker Rd.) and Exit 78 (Portage/Kilgore Rd.) (2 lanes on each side)
- Between Exit 171 (M-14) and just west of Exit 167 (Baker Rd.) (3 lanes on each side)
- Between Exit 180 (US 23) and Exit 171 (M-14) (2 lanes on each side)
- Between Exit 198 (Detroit Metropolitan Airport) and Exit 180 (US-23) (3 lanes on each side)
- For Exits 199 (Detroit Metropolitan Airport/Middle Belt Road) and 198 (Merriman Road) (2 Local + 3 Express Lanes each side)
- Between Exit 243 (23 Mile Rd.) and Exit 198 (3 lanes on each side)
- Between Blue Water Bridge and Exit 243 (23 Mile Rd.) in Chesterfield Township, MI (2 lanes on each side)
Pre designation 
|Existed:||late 1942 –1956|
In early plans for the Interstate Highway System, I-94 between Benton Harbor and Detroit was proposed to be numbered I-92. The originally proposed route for I-94 became the pre-1963 routing for I-96.
Through much of Michigan, I-94 follows the route of old US 12; to the west of Detroit it uses the pre-existing M-112 (Willow Run Expressway, Detroit Industrial Expressway) which had been built during World War II to accommodate transportation of workers and in Detroit it follows the route of the Edsel Ford Freeway. Signage for the Edsel Ford Freeway remained in place until the late 1980s when Michigan deemphasized proper names on Interstate guide signs.
Land acquisition for the Edsel Ford Freeway started in 1945 however uncertainly over funding delayed completion until the 1950s. Originally referred to as the "Crosstown Freeway" the name "Edsel Ford Freeway" was adopted by petition in April 1946.
In 1958, sections of US 12, the Willow Run, Detroit Industrial and Edsel Ford Expressways were designated as I-94.
Post designation 
In 1959 additional sections of I-94 were opened, starting with a section from Coloma and Hartford, then from Paw Paw to Kalamazoo which connected to the US 12 to Battle Creek and finally from Battle Creek to Jackson. In 1960 sections of freeway opened in southwestern Michigan between the Benton Harbor - St Joseph area and between Jackson and Ann Arbor. In this year Michigan became the first state to complete a border to border toll-free interstate running for 205 miles from Detroit to New Buffalo. A section of 20 miles (32 km) between New Buffalo and Stevensville opened in 1961.
In the beginning of 1962, the US 12 designation was removed from the I-94 freeway. In the process, the designation was transferred to replace the US 112 designation in its entirety. After this transfer, I-94 was no longer concurrent with US 12, except for the Ypsilanti bypass. In 1963 the freeway was extended south of New Buffalo. The freeway ended at M-239. Traffic was diverted down M-239 into Indiana where SR 39 carried traffic the rest of the way to the Indiana Toll Road. A section in the Detroit area between Marysville and Mt. Clemens was also completed. US 25 was used to connect the gap in the freeway between Detroit and Mt. Clemens.
On August 16, 1987, Northwest Airlines Flight 255 crashed after attempting to take off from Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County International Airport, killing all but one passenger, Cecilia Cichan, upon exploding at an overpass at Middle Belt Road.
Its intersection with US 24 (Telegraph Road) was one of the nation's more unusual full interchange designs. Only two bridges were used and left hand exits were used throughout. This interchange was reconfigured in 2005 to a SPUI design, I-94's first, and was completed in December of that year. A pair of bridges called the Gateway Arch Bridges (alternately "Gateway to Detroit") was incorporated in the new interchange.
In June 2012, after a resolution passed by the Michigan Legislature was signed by Gov. Rick Snyder in June, a portion of I-94 in Taylor between Inkster Road and Pelham Road was named "Auxiliary Lt. Dan Kromer Memorial Highway" after a 20-year veteran of the Taylor Police Department, who was killed in 2010 while helping motorists who had car trouble.
In the 1990s, the Michigan Department of Transportation implemented an "emergency Interstate" system along roads paralleling I-94.
Exit list 
||This section contains a table that is missing mileposts for one or more junctions. Please help by|
||New Buffalo Township||0.000||0.000||I-94 west – Gary, Chicago||Indiana state line|
|1||M-239 south (La Porte Road) – New Buffalo|
|4||US 12 / LMCT – Three Oaks, Niles, New Buffalo||Signed as exits 4A (east) and 4B (west); western end of LMCT concurrency|
|Chikaming Township||6||Union Pier|
|Stevensville||22||John Beers Road – Stevensville|
|Lincoln Charter Township||23||BL I-94 east (Red Arrow Highway) / LMCT – St. Joseph, Benton Harbor, Stevensville||Eastern end of LMCT concurrency|
|St. Joseph Township||27||M-63 (Niles Avenue)|
|Benton Charter Township||28||M-139 (Scottdale Road)|
|30||US 31 south (Napier Avenue)||Western end of US 31 concurrency|
|33||BL I-94 – Downtown Benton Harbor, St. Joseph||No eastbound exit|
|34||I-196 north / US 31 north – South Haven, Holland, Grand Rapids||Eastern end of US 31 concurrency|
|Watervliet||41||M-140 – Watervliet, Niles|
|Paw Paw Township||56||M-51 – Decatur, Dowagiac|
|Paw Paw||60||M-40 – Paw Paw, Lawton|
||Texas Township||72||9th Street – Oshtemo|
|Portage||74||US 131 / BL I-94 east – Kalamazoo, Grand Rapids, Three Rivers||Signed as exits 74A (south) and 74B (north)|
|Kalamazoo||78||Portage Road, Kilgore Road|
|Comstock Township||80||Sprinkle Road, Cork Street|
|81||BL I-94 west – Downtown Kalamazoo||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance|
|85||35th Street – Augusta, Galesburg|
|Charleston Township||88||Climax, Galesburg|
||Battle Creek||92||BL I-94 east / M-37 – Springfield, Battle Creek, Augusta, Climax|
|95||Helmer Road – Springfield|
|98||I-194 north / M-66 – Sturgis, Downtown Battle Creek||Signed as exits 98A (south) and 98B (north)|
|Emmett Charter Township||100||M-294 (Beadle Lake Road)|
|103||Michigan Avenue||Partial interchange which had directly served Michigan Avenue, permanently closed in 2009|
|104||To BL I-94 west / M-96 (Michigan Avenue) / 11 Mile Road|
|Marshall Township||108||I-69 - Ft. Wayne, Lansing|
|Marshall||110||Old 27||Former US 27|
|Marengo Township||112||BL I-94 west (Partello Road) – Marshall|
|115||22½ Mile Road|
|Sheridan Township||119||M-199 (26 Mile Road)|
|Albion||121||BL I-94 east (28 Mile Road) – Albion|
||Parma Township||124||BL I-94 west / M-99 – Albion, Eaton Rapids|
|133||Dearing Road – Spring Arbor|
|Blackman Township||136||M-60 west / BL I-94 east – Jackson, Spring Arbor|
|138||US 127 north / M-50 – Jackson, Lansing||Western end of US 127 concurrency|
|139||M-106 (Cooper Street) – Downtown Jackson|
|Leoni Township||142||US 127 south – Hudson||Eastern end of US 127 concurrency|
|144||BL I-94 west – Jackson||Partial interchange that had served Ann Arbor Road with westbound exit and eastbound entrance|
|145||BL I-94 west / Sargent Road – Jackson|
|Grass Lake Township||150||Mt. Hope Road – Grass Lake|
|153||Clear Lake Road|
||Sylvan Township||156||Kalmbach Road|
|157||Old US 12, Pierce Road|
|Chelsea||159||M-52 – Chelsea, Manchester|
|Lima Township||162||Old US 12, Jackson Road|
|Scio Township||167||Baker Road – Dexter|
|171||M-14 east – Plymouth||Eastbound exit and westbound entrance|
|Ann Arbor||172||BL I-94 east (Jackson Avenue) – Ann Arbor|
|175||Ann Arbor–Saline Road|
|Pittsfield Township||180||US 23 / BL I-94 west – Ann Arbor, Flint, Toledo||Signed as exits 180A (south) and 180B (north)|
|181||US 12 west (Michigan Avenue) – Ypsilanti, Saline||Western end of US 12 concurrency; signed as exits 181A (west) and 181B (east) westbound|
BUS US 12 east (Huron Street) – Downtown Ypsilanti
|Ypsilanti Township||185||US 12 east (Michigan Avenue) – Willow Run Airport||Eastern end of US 12 concurrency; eastbound exit and westbound entrance|
|186||Willow Run Airport||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance|
||Van Buren Township||190||Belleville Road – Belleville|
|192||Haggerty Road||West access to Lower Huron Metropark|
|Romulus||194||I-275 – Flint, Toledo||Signed as exits 194A (south) and 194B (north) eastbound|
|196||Wayne Road – Wayne|
|198||Middlebelt Road, Merriman Road – Detroit Metro Airport|
|Taylor||200||Ecorse Road – Inkster|
|202||US 24 (Telegraph Road)|
|Allen Park||204||M-39 (Southfield Freeway) / Pelham Road|
|206||Oakwood Boulevard||Signed as exits 206A (south) and 206B (north) westbound|
|Dearborn||208||Schaefer Road, Greenfield Road|
|209||Rotunda Drive||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance|
|210A||US 12 (Michigan Avenue) / Wyoming Avenue – Dearborn||Signed as exit 210 eastbound|
|Detroit||210B||M-153 (Ford Road) / Addison Avenue||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance|
|211A||Lonyo Avenue||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance|
|211B||Central Avenue, Cecil Avenue||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance|
|212A||Livernois Avenue||Signed as exit 212 westbound|
|212B||Warren Avenue||Westbound exit is via exit 213A|
|213A||West Grand Boulevard|
|213B||I-96 (Jeffries Freeway) – Lansing, Ambassador Bridge to Canada|
|214A||Linwood Avenue, Grand River Avenue||Signed as exit 214 westbound|
|214B||Trumbull Avenue||Eastbound exit and westbound entrance|
|215||M-10 (Lodge Freeway) – Downtown Detroit, Southfield||Signed as exits 215A (south) and 215B (north)|
|215C||M-1 (Woodward Avenue) / John R. Street / Brush Street|
|216A||I-75 (Chrysler Freeway) – Flint, Toledo|
|216B||Russell Street||Eastbound exit only|
|217||Chene Street, East Grand Boulevard, Mount Elliott Avenue||Signed as exits 217A (Chene Street, Grand Boulevard) and 217B (Mount Elliott Avenue) eastbound|
|218||M-53 (Van Dyke Avenue)|
|219||M-3 (Gratiot Avenue)|
|220A||French Road||No westbound exit|
|220B||Conner Avenue – Detroit City Airport|
|222A||Outer Drive, Chalmers Avenue|
|222B||Harper Avenue||Eastbound exit and westbound entrance|
|Harper Woods||224B||Allard Avenue, Eastwood Drive|
|225||M-102 (8 Mile Road, Vernier Road)|
||Eastpointe – St. Clair Shores||227||9 Mile Road|
|Eastpointe – Roseville – St. Clair Shores||228||10 Mile Road|
|Roseville – St. Clair Shores||229||I-696 west (Reuther Freeway) / 11 Mile Road – Lansing|
|230||12 Mile Road|
|Roseville||231||M-3 (Gratiot Avenue)||Eastbound exit and westbound entrance|
|232||Little Mack Avenue|
|Clinton Charter Township||234||Harper Avenue||Signed as exits 234A (south) and 234B (north)|
|Harrison Township||235||Shook Road||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance|
|Mt. Clemens||237||North River Road – Mt. Clemens|
|Harrison Township – Chesterfield Township||240||M-59 – Selfridge ANG, Utica||Signed as exits 240A (east) and 240B (west) eastbound|
|Chesterfield Township||241||21 Mile Road – Selfridge ANG|
|243||M-3 / M-29 – Algonac, New Baltimore, Utica|
|247||M-19 – Richmond, New Haven||Eastbound exit and westbound entrance|
|Lenox Township||248||26 Mile Road – Marine City|
||Casco Township – Columbus Township||257||Richmond, St. Clair|
|St. Clair Township||262||Wadhams Road|
|Kimball Township||266||BL I-94 east (Gratiot Road) – Marysville|
|St. Clair Township||269||Range Road, Dove Street|
|271||I-69 west – Flint, Lansing, Fort Wayne, Indiana||Western end of I-69 concurrency|
|271||BL I-69 east – Port Huron||Eastbound exit and westbound entrance|
|274||Water Street, Lapeer Avenue - Port Huron|
|Port Huron||275||BL I-69 west / BL I-94 west / M-25 (Pine Grove Avenue) – Lexington, Downtown Port Huron|
|Blue Water Bridge over the St. Clair River to Hwy 402|
See also 
- Bessert, Christopher J. (October 22, 2006). "Michigan Highways: Highways 90 through 99". Michigan Highways. Retrieved January 2, 2007.
- "Work to begin April 17 on I-94 project in Benton Harbor" (Press release). Michigan Department of Transportation. April 10, 2006.
- Michigan State Highway Department (April 15, 1956). 1956 Official Highway Map (Map).
- Michigan State Highway Department (October 1, 1956). 1956 Official Highway Map (Map).
- Michigan State Highway Department (June 1, 1942). 1942 Official Michigan Highway Map (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally (Summer ed.).
- Michigan State Highway Department (June 1, 1943). 1942 Official Michigan Highway Map (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally (Summer ed.).
- American Association of State Highway Officials (1957). Route Numbering for the National System of Interstate and Defense Highways (Map). http://www.roadfan.com/5758int.html.
- Dolley, Brandon. "Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint Freeways". Detroit Rising. Retrieved May 30, 2008.
- "US-12 (Michigan) / I-94". Michigan.gov.
- "Preliminary List of Nationally and Exceptionally Significant Features of the Interstate Highway System". Retrieved July 6, 2006.
- "MDOT - 1960s". Michigan.gov.
- "The Crash". Northwest Flight 255 Memorial. 2003. Retrieved June 27, 2010.
- American Automobile Association. 1971 AAA Detroit Southern Suburbs (Map). http://dse.webonastick.com/maps/1971-detroit-suburbs-aaa.
- "Single-Point Urban Interchange (SPUI)". Michigan Department of Transportation.
- "I-94 Bridge Builders Go by the Playbook". Detroit Free Press. September 28, 2005.
- Staff (June 29, 2012). "Snyder Signs Bills To Commit Dollars to Infrastructure" (Press release). Office of the Governor. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
- "I-94 interchange closes Monday". Battle Creek Enquirer. April 24, 2009. Retrieved April 24, 2009.[dead link]
- "I -94, Sargent Road Interchange Reconstruction" (PDF). Michigan Department of Transportation. Retrieved October 26, 2012.
- Arend, Kari (October 21, 2012). "Continuous Single-Lane Closure on I-94 at Sargent Road in Jackson to start Oct. 21" (Press release). Michigan Department of Transportation. Retrieved October 26, 2012.
- M-112 at Michigan Highways
- Early Willow Run, Detroit Industrial & Edsel Ford Expressways at Michigan Highways
- Historic Bridge Listings