Newhalen, Alaska

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Newhalen
Nuuriileng
City
Newhalen is located in Alaska
Newhalen
Newhalen
Location in Alaska
Coordinates: 59°43′32″N 154°53′40″W / 59.72556°N 154.89444°W / 59.72556; -154.89444Coordinates: 59°43′32″N 154°53′40″W / 59.72556°N 154.89444°W / 59.72556; -154.89444
Country United States
State Alaska
Borough Lake and Peninsula
Incorporated October 26, 1971[1]
Government
 • Mayor Fedosia Balluta[2]
Area
 • Total 8.3 sq mi (21.6 km2)
 • Land 6.1 sq mi (15.7 km2)
 • Water 2.3 sq mi (5.9 km2)
Elevation 62 ft (19 m)
Population (2007)[3]
 • Total 133
 • Density 26.4/sq mi (10.2/km2)
Time zone Alaska (AKST) (UTC-9)
 • Summer (DST) AKDT (UTC-8)
Area code 907
FIPS code 02-53270

Newhalen (Nuuriileng in Central Alaskan Yup'ik) is a city in Lake and Peninsula Borough, Alaska, United States. At the 2000 census the population was 160.

Geography[edit]

Newhalen is located at 59°43′32″N 154°53′40″W / 59.72556°N 154.89444°W / 59.72556; -154.89444 (59.725688, -154.894442).[4]

Newhalen is on the north shore of Iliamna Lake in southern Alaska, at the mouth of Newhalen River.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.3 square miles (21 km2), of which, 6.1 square miles (16 km2) of it is land and 2.3 square miles (6.0 km2) of it (27.37%) is water.

The proposed Pebble Mine site is located near Newhalen.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 160 people, 39 households, and 37 families residing in the city. The population density was 26.4 people per square mile (10.2/km²). There were 51 housing units at an average density of 8.4 per square mile (3.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 8.75% White, 85.00% Native American, and 6.25% from two or more races.

There were 39 households out of which 59.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.4% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 5.1% were non-families. 5.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 0.0% consisted of a sole occupant 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.10 and the average family size was 4.22.

In the city the age distribution of the population shows 45.0% under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, 20.6% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 5.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 20 years. For every 100 females there were 100.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 120.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $36,250, and the median income for a family was $35,000. Males had a median income of $38,333 versus $23,750 for females. The per capita income for the city was $9,448. About 26.7% of families and 16.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.9% of those under the age of eighteen and none of those sixty five or over.

History[edit]

Newhalen was originally a Yupik village called Noghelin, after the Newhalen River. "Newhalen" is an Anglicized version of the original name. The village was established in the late 1800s because of the bountiful fish and game in the area.

The population of Newhalen now includes Aleuts and Athabascans as well as Yupik. Most pursue subsistence hunting and fishing.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Directory of Borough and City Officials 1974". Alaska Local Government (Juneau: Alaska Department of Community and Regional Affairs) XIII (2): 57. January 1974. 
  2. ^ "Community: Newhalen". Community Database Online. Juneau: Alaska Department of Commerce, Community and Economic Development, Division of Community and Regional Affairs. February 11, 2014. Retrieved February 24, 2014. 
  3. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places in Alaska". United States Census Bureau. 2008-07-10. Retrieved 2008-07-14. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.