Niels Bohr Institute

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Coordinates: 55°41′48.29″N 12°34′16.80″E / 55.6967472°N 12.5713333°E / 55.6967472; 12.5713333

The Niels Bohr Institute
The Niels Bohr Institute

The Niels Bohr Institute is a research institute of the University of Copenhagen. The research of the institute spans astronomy, geophysics, nanotechnology, particle physics, quantum mechanics and biophysics.

The Institute was founded in 1921, as the Institute for Theoretical Physics of the University of Copenhagen, by the Danish theoretical physicist Niels Bohr, who had been on the staff of the University of Copenhagen since 1914, and who had been lobbying for its creation since his appointment as professor in 1916. On the 80th anniversary of Niels Bohr's birth - October 7, 1965 - the Institute officially became The Niels Bohr Institute. Some of its original funding came from the Carlsberg brewery.

During the 1920s, and 1930s, the Institute was the center of the developing disciplines of atomic physics and quantum physics. Physicists from across Europe (and sometimes further abroad) often visited the Institute to confer with Bohr on new theories and discoveries. The Copenhagen interpretation of quantum mechanics is named after work done at the Institute during this time.

On January 1, 1993 the institute was fused with the Astronomic Observatory, the Ørsted Laboratory and the Geophysical Institute. The new resulting institute retained the name Niels Bohr Institute.

Dark Cosmology Centre[edit]

The Dark Cosmology Centre, commonly referred to as DARK, is an addition to the Niels Bohr Institute that opened in 2005. Dark Cosmology Centre is housed in the Rockefeller building close to the original Niels Bohr Institute and is the cosmology wing of the institute. The centre focuses on research into the nature of dark matter and dark energy. Besides the research activities the centre is also involved with the teaching of astrophysics students at the University of Copenhagen. Notable research staff includes Anja Cetti Andersen.

Medal of Honour[edit]

in 2010, the year of the 125th anniversary of the birth of Niels Bohr, the Institute established the Niels Bohr Institute Medal of Honour. It is an annual award for "a particularly outstanding researcher who is working in the spirit of Niels Bohr: International cooperation and the exchange of knowledge".[1]

Recipients:

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]