Niobrara, Nebraska

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Niobrara, Nebraska
Village
Nebraska Highway 12 in Niobrara
Nebraska Highway 12 in Niobrara
Location of Niobrara, Nebraska
Location of Niobrara, Nebraska
Coordinates: 42°45′0″N 98°1′55″W / 42.75000°N 98.03194°W / 42.75000; -98.03194Coordinates: 42°45′0″N 98°1′55″W / 42.75000°N 98.03194°W / 42.75000; -98.03194
Country United States
State Nebraska
County Knox
Area[1]
 • Total 0.73 sq mi (1.89 km2)
 • Land 0.73 sq mi (1.89 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,230 ft (375 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 370
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 363
 • Density 506.8/sq mi (195.7/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 68760
Area code(s) 402
FIPS code 31-34370[4]
GNIS feature ID 0831636[5]

Niobrara (/ˌn.əˈbrærə/; Omaha: Ní Ubthátha Tʰáⁿwaⁿgthaⁿ [nĩꜜ ubɫᶞaꜜɫᶞa tʰãꜜwãŋɡɫᶞã], meaning "water spread-out village")[6] is a village in Knox County, Nebraska, United States. The population was 370 at the 2010 census.[7]

History[edit]

Niobrara was founded in 1856. There a fort was built to protect the early settlers from Indian attacks.[8] The settlement took its name from the Niobrara River.[9]

Geography[edit]

Niobrara is located at 42°45′0″N 98°1′55″W / 42.75000°N 98.03194°W / 42.75000; -98.03194 (42.750000, -98.031989).[10]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.73 square miles (1.89 km2), all of it land.[1] The Niobrara River, which is right next to the town, actually courses through the Mormon Canal rather than its original riverbed.

Demographics[edit]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 370 people, 193 households, and 93 families residing in the village. The population density was 506.8 inhabitants per square mile (195.7/km2). There were 251 housing units at an average density of 343.8 per square mile (132.7/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 84.3% White, 0.3% African American, 11.6% Native American, and 3.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.4% of the population.

There were 193 households of which 15.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.3% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 51.8% were non-families. 45.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 23.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.92 and the average family size was 2.70.

The median age in the village was 54.8 years. 16.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 4.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 17.1% were from 25 to 44; 32.4% were from 45 to 64; and 29.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the village was 51.4% male and 48.6% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 379 people, 184 households, and 107 families residing in the village. The population density was 525.2 people per square mile (203.2/km²). There were 230 housing units at an average density of 318.7 per square mile (123.3/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 86.54% White, 10.29% Native American, 0.53% Pacific Islander, 0.53% from other races, and 2.11% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.37% of the population.

There were 184 households of which 22.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.7% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.8% were non-families. 39.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 22.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.06 and the average family size was 2.72.

In the village the population was spread out with 22.7% under the age of 18, 3.4% from 18 to 24, 17.9% from 25 to 44, 32.2% from 45 to 64, and 23.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 49 years. For every 100 females there were 103.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.0 males.

As of 2000 the median income for a household in the village was $26,000, and the median income for a family was $36,250. Males had a median income of $26,042 versus $21,250 for females. The per capita income for the village was $15,299. About 9.3% of families and 13.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.4% of those under age 18 and 7.4% of those age 65 or over.

Climate[edit]

This climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Niobrara has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfa" on climate maps.[11]

Climate data for Niobrara, Nebraska
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 0
(32)
3
(37)
8
(47)
17
(63)
23
(74)
28
(83)
32
(89)
31
(87)
26
(79)
19
(67)
9
(48)
2
(36)
16.5
(61.8)
Average low °C (°F) −13
(9)
−9
(15)
−4
(24)
3
(37)
9
(48)
14
(58)
17
(63)
16
(61)
11
(51)
4
(39)
−4
(25)
−9
(15)
2.9
(37.1)
Precipitation mm (inches) 13
(0.5)
15
(0.6)
36
(1.4)
61
(2.4)
86
(3.4)
97
(3.8)
74
(2.9)
66
(2.6)
58
(2.3)
38
(1.5)
23
(0.9)
10
(0.4)
577
(22.7)
Source: Weatherbase [12]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-24. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-24. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-29. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ Dorsey, James Owen (1890)The Cegiha Language: Contributions to North American Ethnology 4. Washington: US Department of the Interior: Government Printing Office, p. 214, line 10.
  7. ^ http://www.yankton.net/articles/2011/03/03/community/doc4d6f181b374f9967268554.txt
  8. ^ Burr, George L. (1921). History of Hamilton and Clay Counties, Nebraska, Volume 1. S.J. Clarke Publishing Company. p. 124. 
  9. ^ "Profile for Niobrara, NE". ePodunk. Retrieved 18 August 2014. 
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  11. ^ Climate Summary for Niobrara, Nebraska
  12. ^ "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013.  Retrieved on October 10, 2013.

External links[edit]