North Bethesda, Maryland
|North Bethesda, Maryland|
|Country||United States of America|
|• Total||8.9 sq mi (23.0 km2)|
|• Land||8.8 sq mi (22.9 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||394 ft (120 m)|
|• Density||4,281.5/sq mi (1,653.1/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|ZIP codes||20814, 20817, 20851, 20852 (shared)|
|GNIS feature ID||1867297|
As an unincorporated area five miles northwest of Washington, D.C., North Bethesda's boundaries are not officially defined. North Bethesda is, however, recognized by the United States Census Bureau as a census-designated place for statistical purposes, and by the United States Geological Survey as a populated place located at (39.036733, -77.120249).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the North Bethesda CDP has a total area of 8.9 square miles (23 km2).
Significant through-roads in North Bethesda include Interstates 270 and 495 and Maryland State Highways 187 (Old Georgetown Road), 355 (Rockville Pike), and 547 (Strathmore Avenue). The Twinbrook, White Flint, and Grosvenor-Strathmore Washington Metro stations all serve the area, as does the Ride On bus system.
The far southern edge of the North Bethesda CDP was originally the country estate of the Grosvenor family, whose lineage includes Alexander Graham Bell and a former President of the National Geographic Society. That region continues to bear the family's name, and is the location of the headquarters of the Renewable Natural Resources Foundation. Also in the southern sector of the census designated area, located in the triangle between the two limbs of I-270 and I-495, is a business district that includes the corporate headquarters of Lockheed Martin, Coventry Healthcare, Host Marriott and Marriott International. The Nuclear Regulatory Commission, a government agency which oversees nuclear regulation and safety in the U.S., is also headquartered here. Major shopping centers include Congressional Plaza, Mid-Pike Plaza, Montrose Crossing, Federal Plaza, White Flint Mall, and Wintergreen Plaza.
Other prominent entities in the area are Walter Johnson High School, the Georgetown Preparatory School, the Charles E. Smith Jewish Day School, the Music Center at Strathmore, the White Flint shopping mall, the Montgomery Aquatic Center, The Jewish Community Center, and North Bethesda Market, the tallest building in Montgomery County, Maryland.
North Bethesda shares a common history with most of its Montgomery County neighbors. Archaeological evidence suggests that Paleo, Archaic, and Woodland Native Americans lived nearby, along the banks of the Potomac River. These peoples traveled along an ancient route known as the Seneca Trail (which is today approximately followed in North Bethesda by Old Georgetown Road). Like many ancient roads, the Seneca Trail followed a ridge line – in this case, the high ground between the Potomac River and Rock Creek. Much later, development would spring up along this route.
The recorded history of the area commences with the colonial era. Settlements formed along Rock Creek and the Seneca Trail in the 17th Century, with recorded land grants in this area known originally as “Dan” and “Leeke Forest.”
In the early 19th century, much of the area was part of a 3,700-acre (15.0 km2) tobacco plantation owned by a slaveowning family with the surname of Riley. One of the Rileys' slaves, Josiah Henson, is thought by historians to be the inspiration for Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin. In 1806, the Washington Turnpike Company was chartered to improve the old Seneca route, by then known as the Georgetown-Frederick Road. The road was opened in 1828, but had nearly washed away by 1848. The Riley plantation house was located on this road, and the plantation house's kitchen (in which Henson is known to have slept) still stands near the course of this road.
By the late 19th century, the area was privileged with stops along a train route, and by the early 20th century with its own trolley tracks on the line connecting Georgetown and Rockville (along current-day Fleming Avenue). During this time, development bloomed around train and trolley stops, and a number of wealthy families, including those of Captain James Frederick Oyster and Charles I. Corby (who developed methods that revolutionized the baking industry), lived or summered in the area. Nonetheless, the area remained sparsely populated through the 1920s.
The arrival of the automobile eventually transformed the area into a commuter suburb of Washington, D.C. By the 1950s, the area had sprouted a number of developer-conceived neighborhoods with tract houses for the middle-class.
Today, the area remains largely a commuter suburb, with most residents traveling an average of 29 minutes to their workplace. While some traditional neighborhoods remain, other areas have struggled with issues related to suburban sprawl. Unlike other Washington, D.C. suburbs, Montgomery County engages in master planning for all development. The White Flint Master Plan is designed to alleviate negative aspects of future high-density development in North Bethesda.
As of the census of 2000, there were 38,610 people, 17,286 households, and 9,662 families residing in the area. The population density was 4,281.5 people per square mile (1,652.7/km²). There were 18,071 housing units at an average density of 2,003.9/sq mi (773.5/km²). The racial makeup of the area was 77.24% White, 4.96% African American, 0.29% Native American, 11.97% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 2.61% from other races, and 2.88% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.53% of the population.
There were 17,286 households out of which 22.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.2% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.1% were non-families. 36.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.85.
In the area, the population was spread out with 17.9% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 34.0% from 25 to 44, 24.2% from 45 to 64, and 17.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 87.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.9 males.
According to survey conducted between 2005 and 2009, the median income for a household in the area was $87,324, and the median income for a family was $113,719. Males had a median income of $79,085 versus $61,793 for females. The per capita income for the area was $51,254. About 2.2% of families and 4.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.1% of those under age 18 and 4.6% of those age 65 or over.
Neighborhoods in North Bethesda
Neighborhoods within the North Bethesda CDP include the following:
- Garrett Park Estates
- Old Georgetown Village
- Randolph Hills
- The Crest of Wickford
- Tilden Woods
- Old Farm
- Chase Crossing
- Grosvenor Park
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Montgomery Co. To Open Tallest Tower". www.myFoxDC.com. 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-22.
- "North Bethesda CDP, Maryland, Selected Economic Characteristics: 2005-2009". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-06-01.
- "White Flint - North Bethesda Master Plan". Maryland-National Capital Park and Planning Commission. Retrieved 2012-05-01.
- "CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING (1790-2000)". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2010-07-17.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.