Nuclear Non-Proliferation Act of 1978

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Nuclear Non-Proliferation Act of 1978
Great Seal of the United States
Other short titles Nuclear Antiproliferation Act
Long title An Act to provide for more efficient and effective control over the proliferation of nuclear explosive capability.
Acronyms (colloquial) NNPA, NAPA
Enacted by the 95th United States Congress
Effective March 10, 1978
Citations
Public Law 95-242
Statutes at Large 92 Stat. 120
Codification
Titles amended 22 U.S.C.: Foreign Relations and Intercourse
U.S.C. sections created 22 U.S.C. ch. 47 § 3201
Legislative history

Nuclear Non-Proliferation Act of 1978, 22 U.S.C. § 3201, is a United States federal law declaring that nuclear explosive devices pose a perilous threat to the security interests of the United States and continued international progress towards world peace and the development of nations.

The H.R. 8638 legislation was passed by the 95th U.S. Congressional session and signed into law by the 39th President of the United States Jimmy Carter on March 10, 1978.[1][2][3]

Provisions of the Act[edit]

The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Act provided several policy elements for the control and limitations of nuclear technology.

  • United States is to pursue the fuel supply assurances with developing nations through international initiatives. The establishment of more effective international controls over the transfer and use of nuclear materials, equipment, and nuclear technology for peaceful purposes to prevent proliferation, including the establishment of common international sanctions.
  • United States is to take such actions as required to confirm the reliability of the nation meeting its commitments to supply nuclear reactors and fuel to nations which adhere to effective non-proliferation policies by establishing procedures to facilitate the timely processing of requests for subsequent arrangements and export licenses.
  • The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Act strongly encourage nations, which have not ratified the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, to do so at the earliest possible date.
  • United States is to cooperate with foreign nations in identifying and adapting suitable technologies for energy production and, in particular, to identify alternative options to nuclear power in aiding such nations to meet their energy needs, consistent with the economic and material resources of those nations and environmental protection.

Title Articles of the Act[edit]

The Act consist of six title articles:

Title I – United States Initiatives to Provide Adequate Nuclear Fuel Supply
Title II – United States Initiatives to Strengthen the International Safeguards System
Title III – Export Organization and Criteria
Title IV – Negotiation of Further Export Controls
Title V – United States Assistance to Developing Countries
Title VI – Executive Reporting

Amendments to 1978 Act[edit]

Amendments and revisions to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Act of 1978.

Date of Enactment Public Law Number U.S. Statute Citation U.S. Legislative Bill U.S. Presidential Administration
August 14, 1979 P.L. 96-53 93 Stat. 359 H.R. 3324 Jimmy E. Carter
October 23, 1992 P.L. 102-484 106 Stat. 2315 H.R. 5006 George H.W. Bush
April 30, 1994 P.L. 103-236 108 Stat. 382 H.R. 2333 William J. Clinton

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Peters,Gerhard; Woolley, John T. "Jimmy Carter: "Nuclear Non-Proliferation Act of 1978 Statement on Signing H.R. 8638 Into Law. ," March 10, 1978". The American Presidency Project. University of California - Santa Barbara. Retrieved September 2, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Nuclear Non-Proliferation Act, 03/10/1978 - 03/10/1978". Carter White House Photographs Collection, 01/20/1977 - 01/22/1981. U.S. National Archives and Records Administration. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  3. ^ "Nuclear Non-Proliferation Act, 03/10/1978 - 03/10/1978". Carter White House Photographs Collection, 01/20/1977 - 01/22/1981. U.S. National Archives and Records Administration. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 

External links[edit]