O and P-class destroyer

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HMS Oribi.jpg
HMS Oribi in 1946
Class overview
Operators:

 Royal Navy
 Pakistan Navy

 Turkish Navy
Preceded by: L and M class
Succeeded by: Q and R class
Subclasses: 4 inch O, 4.7 inch O, P
Completed: 16
Lost: 4
Retired: 12
General characteristics P class[1]
Type: O and P destroyer
Displacement: 1,690 tons (1,717 tonnes) standard
1,640 tons (1,666 tonnes)
2,250 tons (2,286 tonnes) full load
Length: 345 ft (105 m) o/a
Beam: 35 ft (10.7 m)
Draught: 9 ft (2.7 m)
Propulsion: 2 x Admiralty 3-drum water-tube boilers, Parsons geared steam turbines, 40,000 shp on 2 shafts
Speed: 36.75 kt
Range: 3,850 nmi at 20 kt
Armament:
General characteristics (4.7 inch O class)
Displacement: 1,610 tons (1,636 tonnes)
2,270 tons (2,306 tonnes) full load
Complement: 176 (217 in leader)
Armament:
Notes: Other characteristics as per P class
General characteristics (4 inch O class)
Displacement: 1,540 tons (1,564 tonnes)
2,220 tons (2,255 tonnes) full load
Armament:
Notes: Other characteristics as per P class

The O and P class was a class of destroyers of the British Royal Navy. Ordered in 1939, they were the first ships in the War Emergency Programme, also known as the 1st and 2nd Emergency Flotilla, respectively. They served as convoy escorts in World War II, and some were later converted to fast second-rate anti-submarine frigates in the 1950s.

Design[edit]

The O and P class were based on the hull and machinery of the preceding J class, but with more sheer forward to counter the poor riding qualities of the Js. These ships used the Fuze Keeping Clock HA Fire Control Computer.[2]

O class[edit]

The O-class ships were built in two groups of four. The first group had 4.7 in guns. They were in low-angle mounts which could elevate to only 40 degrees, and were additionally fitted with a 4 in anti-aircraft gun in place of one set of torpedo tubes. The second group had 4-inch (102 mm) guns in high-angle mounts and were fitted to act as minelayers; they could be recognised by the flat "beaver tail" stern over which the mines were dropped. When carrying mines they had to land Y gun, their torpedo tubes and depth charges. The designed anti-aircraft armament was one quadruple QF 2-pounder "pom pom" and a pair of quadruple 0.5-inch Vickers A/A machine guns. The latter proved to be outdated, and were replaced by 20 mm Oerlikon guns as they became available, with a total of six single mounts eventually being carried.

P class[edit]

The P class were repeats of the O class, armed entirely with 4 in guns, in high-angle mounts fitted with a new tall design of shield which did not require the ships to lose a set of torpedo tubes to take on further AA guns.

Ships[edit]

O class[edit]

All ships survived the war. Five of the ships were involved in the Battle of the Barents Sea, Onslow being badly damaged. After the Battle of the Barents Sea, the ships were refitted with tall lattice masts instead of the normal mast.

* = flotilla leader
† = fitted for minelaying

P class[edit]

They served mainly in the Mediterranean, where four ships were lost.

  • Pakenham * (ex-Onslow), built by Hawthorn Leslie & Company, Hebburn, damaged by gunfire from Italian Navy torpedo boats Cassiopea and Cigno off Marsala 1943-04-16, abandoned and sunk by sister ship HMS Paladin (see Battle of the Cigno Convoy)
  • Paladin, built by John Brown, converted to Type 16 frigate 1954, sold for scrap in 1962
  • Panther, built by Fairfield, bombed and sunk by German aircraft in Scarpanto Strait on 10 September 1943
  • Partridge, built by Fairfield, torpedoed by German Submarine U.565 off Oran, 18 December 1942
  • Pathfinder (ex-Onslaught), built by Hawthorn Leslie, On 11 February 1945, Pathfinder was hit by a Japanese bomber plane off Ramree, and was taken out of service. and used as an aircraft target, sold for scrap in 1948
  • Penn, built by Vickers Armstrongs, Walker, sold for scrap - 1949
  • Petard (ex-Persistent), built by Vickers Armstrongs, converted to Type 16 frigate, sold for scrap 1967
  • Porcupine, built by Vickers Armstrongs, torpedoed by German submarine U-602 in Mediterranean 9 December 1942 and broke in two; never repaired and hulked as Pork and Pine, sold for scrap - 1947

* = flotilla leader

See also[edit]

  • Type 16 frigate: postwar conversion of some O and P class vessels into second-rate fast anti-submarine frigates

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ British and Empire Warships of the Second World War, H. T. Lenton, Greenhill Books, ISBN 1-85367-277-7
  2. ^ Destroyer Weapons of WW2, Hodges/Friedman, ISBN 0-85177-137-8

References[edit]

  • Destroyers of the Royal Navy, 1893-1981, Maurice Cocker, Ian Allan, ISBN 0-7110-1075-7
  • Royal Navy Destroyers since 1945, Leo Marriott, Ian Allan, ISBN 0-7110-1817-0
  • Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships, 1922-1946, Ed. Robert Gardiner, Naval Institute Press, ISBN 0-87021-913-8
  • Raven, Alan; Roberts, John (1978). War Built Destroyers O to Z Classes. London: Bivouac Books. ISBN 0-85680-010-4. 
  • Whitley, M. J. (1988). Destroyers of World War 2. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-326-1. 

External links[edit]