Ocimum americanum

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Hoary Basil
ChristianBauer stalk of basil.jpg
A flowering stalk of O. americanum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Genus: Ocimum
Species: O. americanum
Binomial name
Ocimum americanum
L.
Synonyms[1]
  • Ocimum canum Sims
  • Ocimum stamineum Sims
  • Ocimum fruticulosum Burch
  • Ocimum brachiatum Blume
  • Ocimum hispidulum Schumach. & Thonn.
  • Ocimum incanescens Mart.
  • Ocimum fluminense Vell.
  • Ocimum album Roxb.
  • Ocimum dichotomum Hochst. ex Benth.
  • Ocimum thymoides Baker
  • Ocimum dinteri Briq.

Ocimum americanum, known as limehairy or "hoary basil", is an annual herb with white or lavender flowers. It is used for medicinal purposes.[1] Despite the misleading name, it is native to Africa, the Indian Subcontinent, China, Southeast Asia. The species is naturalized in Queensland, Christmas Island, and parts of tropical America.[2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b http://www.herbsociety.org/factsheets/Basil%20Guide.pdf
  2. ^ http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/namedetail.do?name_id=136802
  3. ^ Flora of China Vol. 17 Page 296, 灰罗勒 hui luo le, Ocimum americanum Linnaeus, Cent. Pl. 1, 15. 1755.
  4. ^ Berhaut, J. (1975). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 4: 1-625. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
  5. ^ Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  6. ^ George, A.S., Orchard, A.E. & Hewson, H.J. (eds.) (1993). Oceanic islands 2. Flora of Australia 50: 1-606. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  7. ^ Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  8. ^ Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola. Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  9. ^ Khanam, M. & Hassan, M.A. (2008). Lamiaceae. Flora of Bangladesh 58: 1-161. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.
  10. ^ Paton, A.J., Bramley, G., Ryding, O., Polhill, R., Harvey, Y., Iwarsson, M., Willis, F., Phillipson, P., Balkwill, K., Lukhoba, C., Otiend, D & Harley (2009). Lamiaceae (Labiatae). Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-430.

External links[edit]