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Oleg Nikolayevich Yefremov (Russian: Оле́г Никола́евич Ефре́мов, b. October 1, 1927, Moscow, Soviet Union — d. May 24, 2000, Moscow, Russia) was a Soviet/Russian actor and Moscow Art Theatre producer. People's Artist of the USSR (1976), Hero of Socialist Labour (1987).
In 1949 he graduated from Moscow Art Theatre School-Studio and became an actor and later a producer of the Central Children Theater, started teaching at School-Studio by himself.
Oleg Yefremov debuted as a film actor in the melodrama The First Echelon (Pervyy eshelon) in 1955. Since then he was regularly into filming, and his every appearance on screen turned to be a real event for millions of spectators. Some of his most remarkable roles are those in the films The Quick and the Dead (Zhivye i myortvye) (1964), melodrama Three Poplars in Plyushcikha (Tri topolya na Plyushchikhe) (1967), Shine, Shine, My Star (Gori, gori, moya zvezda) (1969), comedies Aybolit-66 (1966), and Beware of the Car (Beregis avtomobilya) (1966).
In 1956, having gathered around himself students and graduates of the School-Studio, both his coevals and pupils, Oleg Yefremov organized the Studio of Young Actors (subsequently — the Moscow famous Sovremennik Theater and became its first director. Since 1970 he was an actor and a Chief Producer of the Moscow Art Theatre named after Maxim Gorky. In 1976 the actor became a Professor of Moscow Art Theatre School-Studio.
- The Alive and the Dead. (1964) - Captain Ivanov
- War and Peace (1965) - Dolokhov
- Beware of the Car (1966) - Maxim Podberezovikov
- Three Poplars in Plyushcikha (1967) - Sasha
- Aybolit-66 (1966) - doctor Aybolit
- Korol-Olen (Il re cervo) - Durandarte
- The Flight (1970) - Colonel
- All The King's Men (1971) - Adam Stanton
- Rudin (1976) - Rudin
- Shirli-Myrli (1995)
Honours and awards
- USSR State Prize, three times;
- 1969 - a stage trilogy "Decembrists", "Narodnaya Volya", "Bolsheviks."
- 1974 - for the performance "Steelworkers" GK Bokareva
- 1983 - for the play "So we will win!" MF Shatrov
- Honoured Artist of the RSFSR (1967)
- People's Artist of the RSFSR (1969)
- People's Artist of the USSR (1976)
- "Golden Mask" - prize-looking actors of the Moscow theatres (1976)
- Union TV Festival Jury Prize in Leningrad ("Days of the surgeon Mishkin", 1976)
- Order of the Red Banner of Labour (30 September 1977)
- Order of Lenin (1987)
- Order of Friendship of Peoples
- Hero of Socialist Labour (1987)
- Order of Merit for the Fatherland, 3rd class (1997)
- Prize "Crystal Turandot" (1997) - for valiant service to the theatre
- Russian Federation State Prize, twice
- 1997 - to maintain and develop the traditions of Russian psychological theatre in the play "Three Sisters" by Anton Chekhov
- 2003 (posthumous)
- PB Luspekaeva prize for "Lady Luck" at the film festival "Kinoshock" in Anapa (1997)
- "Golden Aries" award (1997) - for his contribution to cinema
- Special Jury Prize of the National Theatre Award "Golden Mask" (1998) - for the play "Three Sisters" by Anton Chekhov
- Moscow Mayor's Award "for a unique contribution to culture" (1999)