Ormond Upper (Irish: Urumhain Uachtarach) is a barony in North Tipperary, Ireland. This geographical unit of land is one of 14 baronies in the old county of Tipperary. Its chief town is Toomevara. The barony lies between Ormond Lower to the north (whose chief town is Nenagh), Kilnamanagh Upper to the south (whose chief town is Borrisoleigh), Owney and Arra to the west (whose chief town is Newport) and Ikerrin to the east (whose chief town is Roscrea). The territory is currently administered by North Tipperary County Council. The O'Mearas had an entensive territory in the barony; the name of their chief residence, Tuaim-ui-Meara, is still retained in the town of Toomavara.
Baronies were created after the Norman invasion of Ireland as divisions of counties and were used the administration of justice and the raising of revenue. While baronies continue to be officially defined units, they have been administratively obsolete since 1898. However, they continue to be used in land registration and in specification, such as in planning permissions. In many cases, a barony corresponds to an earlier Gaelic túath which had submitted to the Crown.
When County Tipperary was split into North and South Ridings in 1836, Ormond Upper was allocated to the north riding. However, the neighbouring barony of Kilnamanagh was split into Upper and Lower half-baronies, being allocated to the north and south ridings respectively.
Towns, villages and townlands of the barony
Civil parishes of the barony
|Name in Irish||Name in English|
|Áth na Méadal||Aghnameadle|
|Baile na Cloiche||Ballynaclogh|
|Baile Uí Mhacaí||Ballymackey|
|An Chill Mhór||Kilmore|
|Cill na Naomh||Kilnaneave|
Note: While most of the town of Nenagh is located in Ormond Lower, the civil parish of Nenagh is almost evenly split between the baronies of Upper and Lower Ormond.
- Murphy, Donal A. (1994). The two Tipperarys: the national and local politics —devolution and self-determination— of the unique 1838 division into two ridings, and the aftermath. Regional studies in political and administrative history 1. Relay. p. 71. ISBN 0-946327-14-9.
- Database of Ireland - civil parishes.
- Walsh, Dennis (2003). "Barony Map of Ireland". Retrieved 2007-02-13. Source given is "Ordnance survey".