Ormond Lower (Irish: Urumhain Íochtarach) is a barony in County Tipperary, Ireland. This geographical unit of land is one of 12 baronies in County Tipperary. Its chief town is Nenagh. The barony lies between Ormond Upper to the south-east (whose chief town is Toomevara) and Owney and Arra to the south-west (whose chief town is Newport). As a "peninsula", it is surrounded on three sides by counties Galway and Offaly.
Baronies were created after the Norman invasion of Ireland as divisions of counties and were used the administration of justice and the raising of revenue. While baronies continue to be officially defined units, they have been administratively obsolete since 1898. However, they continue to be used in land registration and in specification, such as in planning permissions. In many cases, a barony corresponds to an earlier Gaelic túath which had submitted to the Crown.
When County Tipperary was split into North and South Ridings in 1836, Ormond Lower was allocated to the north riding. However, the neighbouring barony of Kilnamanagh was split into Upper and Lower half-baronies, being allocated to the north and south ridings respectively.
Towns, villages and townlands of the barony
|Name in Irish||Name in English|
|Baile an Gharraí||Ballingarry|
|Baile Locha Caoin||Loughkeen|
|Buiríos Uí Chéin||Borrisokane|
|Cill Ó dTiarnáin||Killodiernan|
|Cloch an Phrióra||Cloughprior|
|Tír Dhá Ghlas||Terryglass|
Other villages and townlands
Abbeville, Ballysteena, Ballyquirk, Borrisokane, Cloughjordan (town), Cloghjordanpark (townland), Cowbawn, Crotta, Drumnamahane Island, Eminiska, Feigh West, Firgrove, Graigue, Islandwood, Johnstown, Killeen, Kilruane, Lehinch, Lorrha, Loughkeen, Modreeny, Mulinkeagh, Newtown, Newtown (Guest), Newtown (Hodgins), O’Meara’s Acres, Oxpark, Portland, Quakerstown, Richmond, Stoneyacre, Townfields, Uskane, Willsborough.
- Walsh, Dennis (2003). "Barony Map of Ireland". Retrieved 2007-02-13. Source given is "Ordnance survey".
- Murphy, Donal A. (1994). The two Tipperarys: the national and local politics —devolution and self-determination— of the unique 1838 division into two ridings, and the aftermath. Regional studies in political and administrative history 1. Relay. p. 71. ISBN 0-946327-14-9.
- Database of Ireland - civil parishes.