Osbaldwick shown within North Yorkshire
|OS grid reference|
|Unitary authority||City of York|
|Ceremonial county||North Yorkshire|
|Region||Yorkshire and the Humber|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Postcode district||YO10 3|
|EU Parliament||Yorkshire and the Humber|
|UK Parliament||York Outer|
Osbaldwick is a village and civil parish in the unitary authority of the City of York in North Yorkshire, England. It has been in existence since at least the 11th century, and was declared a conservation area in 1978. It is the burial place of the nun Mary Ward.
It is mentioned three times in the Domesday Book as Osboldewic. It is named after Osbald, an earl in the kingdom of Northumbria. At that time the manor was assessed with the city of York and the lands held by the Church of St Peter, York. It was the first Norman Archbishop of York that created the office of Prebend of Osbaldwick. The earliest mention of an incumbent of this office was of Richard le Brun in 1270. The office was de facto lord of the manor of the village. In 1852, the Church was allowed to sell off land and Osbaldwick Manor was sold to a Thomas Samuel Watkinson, later the Lord Mayor of York.
Osbaldwick is now effectively a suburb of York, about 2 miles (3.2 km) east of the city. The village proper lies mostly along one street called Osbaldwick Village. Newer housing surrounds this and Osbaldwick is now effectively bounded on three sides by the A1079 to the south, the A64 that forms part of York's Ring Road) to the east and by green-belt land to the north. To the west, newer housing merges into the Tang Hall district.
Light industrial/trading estates exist to the east of the village heading towards Murton) and along Osbaldwick Link Road which links it to the A1079. A new (2006) housing development built in 2006, known as Murton Gardens, was built by Wimpey Homes on the link road on the site of a farm building and surrounding fields. A development known as Derwenthorpe was granted planning permission on 10 May 2007 for the green-belt land north of the village. Some farmland also exists between Osbaldwick and Murton.
The 1881 UK Census recorded the population as 340. According to the 2001 UK Census the parish had a population of 2,726, of which 2,243 were over the age of sixteen years old and 1,115 of those were in employment. There were 1,200 dwellings of which 364 were detached.
Between 1913 and 1926 Osbaldwick was served by a station on the Derwent Valley Light Railway. This line remained open to freight until 1981, and SustransNational Cycle Route 66 now runs on the former track bed from the village into York.
Osbaldwick is also served by 2 bus routes, 6 and 20. The number 6 is operated by First York at every 10 minuets running from Osbaldwick to Clifton Moor Via Tang Hall, City, York Hospital & Clifton. The number 20 is operated by Transdev York at every 60 minuets running from University to Acomb via Osbaldwick, Tang Hall, Heworth, Monks Cross, New Earswick, Haxby, Clifton Moor, Rawcliffe & Poppleton, 2 journeys also serve Askham Bar.
The village has two pubs, the Derwent Arms in the old part of the village and the Magnet near the newer houses on Osbaldwick Lane, as well as a small number of local shops. The village post office closed in July 2003.
The Derwent Arms was built in 1823 when it was known as The Black Bull. It consisted of the main pub house and a stable for two horses with a granary over it. To the right were two cow houses with a small orchard and pig pen behind. In front of this was another outbuilding. In the early years the pub had a wash house. Later, a long cattle shed for eight or nine cows was added onto the west side of the stable. It was later renamed The Derwent Arms after the Derwent Valley Light Railway that used to run through the village. It currently consists of a rendered brick building with the public rooms on the ground floor and accommodation for the owners above. At the back of the main building there is an outbuilding which is used for storage. The pub has a large field which is used to host community events such as the village fair and a bonfire night. There is a medium sized beer garden and a children's play area with climbing equipment and a slide.
The 12th-century church dedicated to St Thomas has been extended with a modern building. A window in the church is a memorial to former Sheriff and Lord Mayor of York, James Barber. It is the burial place of the Roman Catholic nun Mary Ward, who founded the Institute of the Blessed Virgin Mary, also known as the Sisters of Loreto. The Church registers show that a Dorothy Paston Bedingfield, a superior of the order, was also buried here.
- Osbaldwick in the Domesday Book. Retrieved 5 January 2013.
- "Local History". Retrieved 5 January 2013.
- Ordnance Survey Open Viewer
- Bulmer's Topography, History and Directory (Private and Commercial) of North Yorkshire 1890. S&N Publishing. 1890. pp. 770, 771. ISBN 1-86150-299-0.
- "2001 UK Census". Retrieved 5 January 2013.
- "Disused station". Retrieved 5 January 2013.
- "Led cycle rides are a chance to enjoy the sunshine – City of York Council". www.york.gov.uk. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
- "Sustrans Route 66". Retrieved 5 January 2013.
- "Listed Building". Retrieved 5 January 2013.
- Osbaldwick Primary School
- Archbishop Holgate's School
- Wilde, David. David Wilkinson, ed. Osbaldwick: A suburban village.
- "Cycling City, Cycling Towns". Cycling England. www.dft.gov.uk. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
- "The Camping and Caravanning Club – SiteSeeker – Details – York – Derwent Arms". www.siteseeker.co.uk. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
Media related to Osbaldwick at Wikimedia Commons