Ossip Zadkine

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Ossip Zadkine
Ossip Zadkine.png
The artist in 1962
Born Yossel Aronovich Tsadkin
(1890-07-14)14 July 1890
Died 25 November 1967(1967-11-25) (aged 77)
Known for Sculpture, painting, lithography
Movement Cubism, Art Deco
Ossip Zadkine, 1913, Maternité, painted elmwood, 81 cm, exhibited at the 1914 Salon des Indépendants, Paris, Published in Montjolie, 1914

Ossip Zadkine (Russian: Осип Цадкин; July 14, 1890 – November 25, 1967) was a Belarusian-born artist who lived in France. He is primarily known as a sculptor, but also produced paintings and lithographs.

Early years and career[edit]

Zadkine was born as Yossel Aronovich Tsadkin (Russian: Иосель Аронович Цадкин) in a Jewish family[1][2] in Vitebsk (now Belarus, then part of the Russian Empire).

After attending art school in London, Zadkine settled in Paris about 1910. There he became part of the new Cubist movement (1914-1925). He later developed his own style, one that was strongly influenced by African art.

Zadkine served as a stretcher-bearer in the French Army during World War I, and was wounded in action. He spent the World War II years in America. His best-known work is probably the sculpture "The Destroyed City" (1951-1953), represents a man without a heart, a memorial to the destruction of the center of the Dutch city of Rotterdam in 1940 by the German Luftwaffe.[3]

Ossip Zadkine, 1918, Femme au violon (Woman with a Violin), photograph by Pierre Choumoff

Personal life[edit]

In 1920, Zadkine married Valentine Prax (1899—1991), an Algerian-born painter of Sicilian and French Catalan descent. They had no children.

Zadkine was a friend of Henry Miller and was represented by the character Borowski in Tropic of Cancer (novel).[4][5]

The artist's only child, Nicolas Hasle (born 1960), was the result of his affair with a Danish woman, Annelise Hasle. Since 2009, Hasle, a psychiatrist, who was acknowledged by the artist and had his parentage legally established in France in the 1980s, has been party to a lawsuit with the City of Paris to establish his claim to his father's estate.[6]

Zadkine died in Paris in 1967 at the age of 77 after undergoing abdominal surgery[3] and was interred in the Cimetière du Montparnasse. His former home and studio is now the Musée Zadkine.

There is also a Musée Zadkine in the village of Les Arques in the Midi-Pyrénées region. Zadkine lived in Les Arques for a number of years, and while there, carved an enormous Christ on the Cross and Pieta that are featured in the 12th-century church which stands opposite the museum.

Awards[edit]

See also[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Aleksandr Lisov "Zadkine and Vitebsk": Archival materials reported in this article state that Iosel-Shmuila Aronovich Tsadkin, born on January 28, 1888 (sic!), was of Jewish faith and studied in the Vitebsk City Technical School between 1900 and 1904, including two years in one class with would-be artists Marc Chagall (then Movsha Shagal) and Victor Mekler (then Avigdor Mekler). Thus, contrary to what Zadkine himself was saying, his father did not convert to the Russian Orthodox religion and his mother was not of a Scottish extraction.
  2. ^ L. Khmelnitskaya 'Marc Chagall's Circle in Vitebsk'
  3. ^ a b "Sculptor Dies". The Age. 27 November 1967. Retrieved 20 April 2010. [dead link]
  4. ^ Kreg Wallace: "Musée Zadkine", Walking Paris with Henry Miller, http://www.millerwalks.com/content/musee-zadkine. Retrieved 10 July 2013.
  5. ^ Frederick Turner: Renegade: Henry Miller and the Making of "Tropic of Cancer", Yale University Press, 2012.
  6. ^ [1] Gareth Harris, "Paris must justify its right to Zadkine's estate," The Art Newspaper.
  7. ^ a b "Ossip Zadkine – Obituary". The Montreal Gazette. 27 November 1967. Retrieved 20 April 2010. 
  • Czwiklitzer, Christophe, Ossip Zadkine, le sculpteur-graveure de 1919 à 1967, Paris, Chez l'auteur, 1967.
  • Yamanashi Kenritsu Bijutsukan, Ossip Zadkine, Tokyo, Yomiuri Shinbunsha, 1989.
  • Andreas Weiland, "(Re-)Discovering Zadkine", in: Art in Society, issue # 10 http://www.art-in-society.de/AS10/Z/Zadkine1.html

External links[edit]