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Ossip Zadkine (Russian: Осип Цадкин; July 14, 1890 – November 25, 1967) was a Belarusian-born artist who lived in France. He is primarily known as a sculptor, but also produced paintings and lithographs.
Early years and career
Zadkine was born as Yossel Aronovich Tsadkin (Russian: Иосель Аронович Цадкин) in Vitebsk (now Belarus, then part of the Russian Empire). His father was Jewish and had converted to the Russian Orthodox religion; his mother was of Scottish ancestry.
After attending art school in London, Zadkine settled in Paris about 1910. There he became part of the new Cubist movement (1914-1925). He later developed his own style, one that was strongly influenced by African art.
Zadkine served as a stretcher-bearer in the French Army during World War I, and was wounded in action. He spent the World War II years in America. His best-known work is probably the sculpture "The Destroyed City" (1951-1953), represents a man without a heart, a memorial to the destruction of the center of the Dutch city Rotterdam in 1940 by the German Luftwaffe.
In 1920, Zadkine married Valentine Prax (1899—1991), an Algerian-born painter of Sicilian and French Catalan descent. They had no children.
The artist's only child, Nicolas Hasle (born 1960), was the result of his affair with a Danish woman, Annelise Hasle. Since 2009, Hasle, a psychiatrist, who was acknowledged by the artist and had his parentage legally established in France in the 1980s, has been party to a lawsuit with the City of Paris to establish his claim to his father's estate.
There is also a Musée Zadkine in the village of Les Arques in the Midi-Pyrénées region. Zadkine lived in Les Arques for a number of years, and while there, carved an enormous Christ on the Cross and Pieta that are featured in the 12th-century church which stands opposite the museum.
De Verwoeste Stad, 1951-1953, Rotterdam Coordinates:
- Aleksandr Lisov "Zadkine and Vitebsk": Archival materials reported in this article state that Iosel-Shmuila Aronovich Tsadkin, born on January 28, 1888 (sic!), was of Jewish faith and studied in the Vitebsk City Technical School between 1900 and 1904, including two years in one class with would-be artists Marc Chagall (then Movsha Shagal) and Victor Mekler (then Avigdor Mekler). Thus, his father did not convert to the Russian Orthodox religion and information about his mother's Scottish extraction becomes dubious.
- L. Khmelnitskaya 'Marc Chagall's Circle in Vitebsk'
- "Sculptor Dies". The Age. 27 November 1967. Retrieved 20 April 2010.[dead link]
-  Gareth Harris, "Paris must justify its right to Zadkine's estate," The Art Newspaper.
- "Ossip Zadkine – Obituary". The Montreal Gazette. 27 November 1967. Retrieved 20 April 2010.
- Czwiklitzer, Christophe, Ossip Zadkine, le sculpteur-graveure de 1919 à 1967, Paris, Chez l'auteur, 1967.
- Yamanashi Kenritsu Bijutsukan, Ossip Zadkine, Tokyo, Yomiuri Shinbunsha, 1989.
- Andreas Weiland, "(Re-)Discovering Zadkine", in: Art in Society, issue # 10 http://www.art-in-society.de/AS10/Z/Zadkine1.html